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Editorial made simple – 19th Feb, 2018

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DOCTORS FOR RURAL INDIA

Nearly 600 million people in India, mostly in the rural areas, have little or no access to health care. A widespread disregard for norms, a perpetual failure to reach targets, and an air of utter helplessness are what mark the state of rural health care today. Among the suggested measures in the past decade is a rather promising proposal which has been sidelined. If properly implemented, it may provide rural India with a lasting pool of primary care physicians.

A few years ago, the Union Health Ministry introduced a proposal to train a new cadre of health professionals. By which they should undergo after a short term, 3-3.5 year course in modern medicine, were to serve the health needs of the rural population.

Such short-term courses aren’t new in the India. In the 1940s, primary care physicians — who were trained under short-term courses, and broadly termed Licentiate Medical Practitioners (LMPs) — would deliver quality services in the rural sector until the Bhore Committee (1946) recommended abolishing them in the idea that India would produce enough MBBS doctors.

The committee’s recommendations have not been properly implemented even years after Independence. While a profit-driven, private health-care sector continued to denude the public health system of its qualified physicians, its medical education system kept losing touch with the actual health needs of the country.

LMPs cannot be called quacks if they be adequately trained in their field (primary care) and have a well-defined role in health care. Medical officers (MBBS) could be employed in primary health centres (PHC), and new recruits imparted mandatory further training of a sufficient duration in basic clinical specialties. Also, inpatient facilities at PHCs can be scaled up. PHCs should deal with cases referred to them by sub-centre LMPs and also supervise their work.

Advantages of LMP introduction:

• The LMP introduction facilitates more resources to be concentrated on individual PHCs for manpower and infrastructure development and also for increasing the remuneration of medical officers.

• Quality emergency and inpatient attention can be made available at the PHC-level.

Therefore, reviving LMPs can help address the dearth of trained primary care physicians in rural India. The logistical entailments of implementing this idea would require separate deliberation.

Current affairs pulse – 19th Feb, 2018

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1. Consider the following statements
a. The Rafale is a twin-engine fighter, multi-role fighter aircraft manufactured by French.
b. These aircrafts is capable of carrying out all combat missions such as interception, air defence, in-depth strikes, ground support, reconnaissance, an anti-ship strikes and nuclear deterrence.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

2. The Wholesale Price Index is published by
a. Economic Adviser in the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
b. CSO
c. RBI
d. Ministry of Finance
Solution: A

3. Consider the following statements with respect to Pterocarpus santalinus
a. It is locally named as Red sanders.
b. It is critically endangered species in the IUCN red list.
c. To curb the menace of its smuggling, the Red Sanders Anti-Smuggling Task Force (RSASTF) was created in 2015.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: B
Red Sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus), which has been classified as endangered in 1997 in IUCN red-list is endemic to forests of Seshachalam, Veliganda, Lankamala and Palakonda hill range distributed in districts of Kadapa, Chittur and Nellore of Andhra Pradesh. It is also found in some isolated parts of Tamil Nadu.

4. The Bhore committee dealt with
a. Medical Education b. Banking reform c. Agriculture
d. Environment
Solution: A

5. Consider the following statements
a. A Crypto currency is used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds, operating independently of a central bank.
b. Bitcoin, Litecoin are examples of crypto currencies.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

6. Consider the following statements regarding PM Suraksha Bima Yojana
a. Age eligibility: 18-70 years.
b. The Scheme is come under the Department of Financial Affairs, Ministry of finance.
Which of the following is/are correct?
a.1only b.2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

7. Consider the following statements
a. The dam, called Tuidimjang, is on the Twigem River flowing into Myanmar from Manipur.
b. The region is inhabited by the Thadou tribe.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

8. The Tipaimukh Dam is built on
a. Twigem River
b. Barak River
c. Subansri River
d. Dihang River
Solution: B

9. Central Zoo Authority : Wildlife Protection (amendment) Act, 1991
National Biodiversity Authority: Biodiversity Act, 2002
National Green Tribunal : Environmental Protection Act, 1986
Which of the following is/ are correct pairs?
a). 1 and 2 only b). 1 and 3 only c). All are correct d). 2, 3 only
Solution: A
The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment.

10. Consider the following statements
a. The ASEAN Summit is a semi-annual meeting held by the members of the ASEAN
b. Laos is not member of ASEAN.
c. India is member country in the ASEAN plus SIX.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B

11. Consider the following statements
1. UNESCO mentioned that 42 Indian languages that are endangered and heading towards extinction.
2. The Central Institute of Indian Languages has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages under the Central scheme
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

12. Consider the following statements regarding PM Jeevan Jyothi Bima Yojana
a. Age eligibility: 18-50
b. A small investment for a secure future invests just 12 rupees per annum for life insurance worth 2 lakh.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
A small investment for a secure future invests just 330 rupees per annum for life insurance worth 2 lakhs.

13. Which of the following rivers are the tributaries of Cauvery?
a. Amaravati
b. Bhavani
c. Penneru
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: A

14. Consider the following statements regarding Cauvery Management Board
a. The CMB would monitor the storage position in the Cauvery basin and the trend of rainfall, and assess the likely inflows for distribution among the States.
b. It will consist of representative of each states and also technical experts.
Which of the following is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

15. Consider the following statements
a. The Attorney General of India is the Indian Government’s Chief legal advisor.
b. The salary of the Attorney General is fixed by the Parliament.
c. The Attorney General is appointed by the President of India under Article 76.
Select the correct statement is/is given below.
a. 1 only b. 1, 2 only c. 2 & 3 only d. 1 & 3 only
Solution: D

16. Consider the following with respect to National Security Adviser
a. The NSA is tasked with regularly advising the Prime Minister on all matters relating to internal and external threats.
b. It is the chief executive of the National Security Council.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

17. “Financial Conditions Index” is released by
a. The confederation of Indian Industry b. Indian Bankers Association c.Both A and B d. Department of Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Solution: C

18. Consider the following statements
a. National Stock Exchange, BSE and Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India jointly would stop licensing their indexes and securities data to foreign exchanges.
b. These agreements had led trading to migrate outside of the country.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C
“Exchanges or their subsidiaries/group entities or any other entity having licensing arrangement with Exchanges shall not license/provide Indian Indices and/or the data including the price of Indian securities to any foreign exchange and/ or trading platforms for trading or settling derivatives in any form in a foreign jurisdiction,” NSE, BSE and Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India said in a joint statement.

19. Consider the following statements regarding Licentiate Medical Practitioners (LMP)
a. They were primary health care practitioners in the 1940s.
b. Bhore committee recommended to stop the idea of LMP
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

20. Consider the following statements with respect to Central Information Council
a. It is a constitutional body
b. The Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners shall be appointed by the President.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
The Central Information Commission has been constituted under the Right to Information Act, 2005. The jurisdiction of the Commission extends over all Central Public Authorities.

KingMakers IAS Academy – Editorial Made Simple – 29th Feb, 2018 to 16th Feb, 2018

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Editorial Made Simple – 29th Feb, 2018 to 16th Feb, 2018:

 

 

 

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“Current affairs pulse – 17th Feb, 2018”

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1. Consider the following statements
a. Banking regulation Act and RBI act are the two important regulators in India.
b. Among the three levels of auditing, External audit and statutory audit are done by RBI.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

2. Aarogyasri is the important health initiative of
a. Tamil nadu Government
b. Telungana Government
c. Karnataka Government
d. Maharashtra Government
Solution: B
Aarogyasri is the flagship scheme of all health initiatives of the Telungana State Government with a mission to provide quality healthcare to the poor. The aim of the Government is to achieve “Health for All” In order to facilitate the effective implementation of the scheme, the State Government has set up the Aarogyasri Health Care Trust.

3. Consider the following statements
a. The Constitution authorise the Supreme Court may by law provide for adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers.
b. In recent judgement, The Supreme court directs Centre to frame a scheme to implement the Cauvery water dispute tribunal’s award.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
Article 262 says parliament may by law provide for adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers.

4. Consider the following statements
a. Arabica and Robusta help maintain the diversity of wild birds in the Western Ghats.
b. Arabica estates hosted twice the number of endemic birds than Robusta.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

5. Consider the following statements regarding Breast Milk
a. Best form of nutrition for infants.
b. Breast fed babies have healthier immune system.
c. It has no role on IQ of babies.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c.1,2,3 d. 3 only
Solution: A

6. Consider the following statements
a. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has captured Neptune’s mysterious shrinking storm that probably smells like rotten eggs.
b. Like Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, the storm swirls in an anti-cyclonic direction and is dredging up material from deep inside the ice giant’s atmosphere.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

7. Which authority is entrusted with the task of overseeing implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in India
a. NITI Aayog.
b. PMO.
c. Cabinet ministers
d. None of the Above
Solution: A

8. Consider the following statements with respect to Borneo orangutans
a. It is critically endangered species.
b. Palm oil and paper industries shrink orangutans’ jungle habitat and fatal conflicts with people increase are the main causes for their decrease.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

9. Consider the following statements regarding National Company Law Tribunal
a. It is a quasi judicial body.
b. It was established by NCLT Act.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above.
Solution: A
The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to companies in India. The NCLT was established under the Companies Act 2013 and was constituted on 1 June 2016.

10. Consider the following statements National Health Protection Scheme
1. It is Part of Ayushmann Bharat programme.
2. West Bengal became the first state to opt out of Centre’s National Health Protection Scheme.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

11. Consider the following statements regarding Rashtriya Swasthya Bima yojana
a. It is only for BPL households.
b. It comes under the Ministry of finance.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
RSBY was launched in early 2008 and was initially designed to target only the Below Poverty Line (BPL) households, but has been expanded to cover other vulnerable section people also.

12. Consider the following statements regarding Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Jan Arogya Yojana
a. It is central sector scheme.
b. It comes under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: D
It is Maharashtra’s government initiative.

13. Consider the following statements
a. Any profit or gain that arises from the sale of a ‘capital asset’ is a capital gain.
b. Capital gains are not applicable when an asset is inherited because there is no sale, only a transfer.
Which of the following is/are incorrect?
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: D

14. Consider the following statements with respect to Paris Climate Change Agreement
a. It is not legally binding
b. It aims to keep the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B

15. Consider the following statements with respect to International Solar Alliance
a. It is the brain child of France.
b. Under this alliance, Countries that fall within Tropic of Cancer alone have been invited to make collaborative efforts to harness solar energy.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: D
The ISA is brainchild of India, jointly launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Francois Hollande. Under this alliance, 121 countries that fall within tropics i.e. between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn have been invited to make collaborative efforts to harness solar energy to generate the electricity.

16. Consider the following statements regarding Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission
a. India’s solar power capacity target is 1,00,000 MW by 2022.
b. The target will principally comprise of 40 GW Rooftop and 60 GW through Large and Medium Scale Grid Connected Solar Power Projects.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

17. Money market where debt and stocks are traded and maturity period is more than a year is classified as
a. shorter term markets b. capital markets c. counter markets d. long-term markets
Solution:B

18. The expenditure in India is classified as capital and revenue. Which of the following is/are revenue expenditure?
a. Interest payments on debt
b. Loans granted by central government
c. Subsidies
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B
Revenue expenditure is for the normal running of Government departments and various services, interest payments on debt, subsidies, etc. Broadly the expenditure which does not result in creation of assets for Government of India is treated as revenue expenditure. Loans granted by central government are capital expenditure.

19. Consider the following statements with respect to CVC
a. It was set up on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Santhanam.
b. It has the status of an autonomous body, free of control from any executive authority.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

20. Consider the following statements
a. Nationalisation of commercial banks has achieved its objectives.
b. Nationalisation has enhanced the efficiency of commercial banks.
c. Nationalisation in India was promoted by the necessity of credit facilities reaching the rural sector and weaker section of the society.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c.1,2,3 d. 3 only
Solution: B

Current Affairs Pulse – 31st Jan, 2018 & 01st Feb – 16th Feb, 2018

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KingMakers IAS Academy – Current Affairs Pulse – 31st Jan, 2018 & 01st Feb – 16th Feb, 2018

Source: THE HINDU & PIB

 

 

 

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“Current affairs pulse – 14th Feb, 2018”

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1. Consider the following statements
a. India State of Forest Report 2017 is prepared by Forest Survey of India.
b. The report is based on satellite imagery.
c. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala topped the states that posted an increase in forest cover.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 1 and 2 only c. All are correct d. 2 and 3 only
Solution: A
The Environment Ministry’s ‘India State of Forest Report 2017’ based on satellite imagery, may present a net positive balance in the form of 24.4% of India’s land area under some form of forest or tree cover.

2. Which department presents the Economic survey in the parliament every year?
a. Department of financial services
b. Department of Economic Affairs
c. Department of Revenue
d. Department of Expenditure
Solution: B

3. Consider the following statements
a. The Constitution does not include any provision for categorisation of any State in India as a Special Category Status (SCS) State.
b. Hilly and difficult terrain, the presence of sizeable tribal population are criteria to grant SCS.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
The Constitution does not include any provision for categorisation of any State in India as a Special Category Status (SCS) State. But, recognising that some regions in the country were historically disadvantaged in contrast to others, Central plan assistance to SCS States has been granted in the past by the erstwhile Planning Commission body, National Development Council (NDC).
The NDC granted this status based on a number of features of the States which included: hilly and difficult terrain, low population density or the presence of sizeable tribal population, strategic location along international borders, economic and infrastructural backwardness and non-viable nature of State finances.

4. Consider the following statements with respect to Special Mention Account
a. It is used to identify those accounts that have potential to become stressed asset.
b. It is introduced by Indian Banks Association.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
The classification of Special Mention Accounts (SMA) was introduced by the RBI in 2014, to identify those accounts that have the potential to become an NPA/Stressed Asset. Logic of such a classification is because some accounts may turn NPA soon. Here, an early identification will help to tackle the problem better.

5. Consider the following statements
a. Bitcoin network is sharing a public ledger called the “block chain”.
b. The authenticity of each transaction is protected by digital signatures corresponding to the sending addresses.
c. It allows all users to have full control over sending bitcoins from their own Bitcoin addresses.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c.1,2,3 d. 3 only
Solution: C

6. Consider the following statements
a. Big data is data sets that are so voluminous and complex.
b. Traditional data processing application software are inadequate to deal with them.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

7. Which authority is entrusted with the task of overseeing implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in India
a. NITI Aayog.
b. PMO.
c. Cabinet ministers
d. None of the Above
Solution: A

8. Consider the following statements
a. The UID authority shall record the entity requesting verification of a person’s identity, the time of request and the response received by the entity.
b. The purpose for which an individual’s identity needs to be verified will not be maintained.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

9. Consider the following statements
a. Russia launched a single manned Cargoship to the International Space Station.
b. The spacecraft is carrying dry cargo, fuel water, oxygen, and air to the ISS crew.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above.
Solution: B
Russia launched an unmanned cargoship to the International Space Station.

11. Consider the following statements
1. Securities Transaction Tax (STT) is a tax payable in India on the value of securities transacted through a recognized stock exchange.
2. The Securities includes commodities and currency.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
Securities Transaction Tax (STT) is a tax payable in India on the value of securities (excluding commodities and currency) transacted through a recognized stock exchange.

12. The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act aimed for
a. eliminating both revenue deficit and fiscal deficit
b. giving flexibility to RBI for inflation management
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: B
FRBM Act had the objective of ensuring prudence in fiscal management by eliminating revenue deficit, REDUCING ( and not eliminating ) fiscal deficit, establishing improved debt management and improving transparency in a medium term framework with quantitative targets to be adhered by the state with regard to deficit measures and debt management. The act was also expected to give necessary flexibility to Reserve Bank of India(RBI) for managing inflation in India.

12. Consider the following statements regarding National Health Mission goals
a. Kala-azar Elimination by 2015.
b. Reduce annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

13. Consider the following statements
a. Any profit or gain that arises from the sale of a ‘capital asset’ is a capital gain.
b. Capital gains are not applicable when an asset is inherited because there is no sale, only a transfer.
Which of the following is/are incorrect?
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: D

14. Consider the following statements
a. Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister is a non-constitutional, permanent and independent body.
b. It advises the Prime Minister on a whole host of economic issues like inflation, microfinance, industrial output, etc.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
The council is non permanent in nature.

15. Which of the following Acts are merged under the proposed Government Savings Promotion Act
a. Government Savings Certificates Act, 1959
b. Public Provident Fund Act, 1968
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C
In order to remove existing ambiguities due to multiple Acts and rules for small saving schemes… [the government] has proposed merger of Government Savings Certificates Act, 1959 and Public Provident Fund Act, 1968 with the Government Savings Banks Act, 1873.” All existing protections have been retained while consolidating PPF Act under the proposed Government Savings Promotion Act.

17. Consider the following statements regarding CSIR
a. It is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
b. It operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

18. Consider the following statements with respect to National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority
a. It comes under the Ministry of Health and Family welfare.
b. Drug Eluting Stent price is reduced recently by NPPA.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: B
The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs in India. It is come under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.

19. Who among the following will be member of committee that will look after removal of chief justice of high court?
1. Judge of the High court
2. Chief Justice of a SC
3. Chief Justices of the high courts
4. Eminent Jurist
Select the correct code:
a.1,2,3 b. 1,3,4 c. 2,3,4 d. All
Solution: c
The inquiry committee compromising of either the Chief Justice or any other judge of the Supreme Court, one from among Chief Justices of the high courts and one an eminent jurist.

20. Consider the following statements with respect to CRPF
a. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs.
b. The CRPF’s primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter insurgency.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

Editorial Made as Simple – 13th Feb, 2018

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RETHINKING TRAFFICKING

  • The report “Global estimates of modern slavery: forced labour and forced marriage” is a collaborative effort of the International Labor Organization (ILO), the Walk Free Foundation, and the International Organization for Migration.
  • The report estimated that there were 40.3 million “modern slaves” worldwide in 2016, with 24.9 million in forced labor and 15.4 million in forced marriages. It did not name countries, but the writing on the wall was clear as 17,000 interviews had been conducted in India, and 61.78% of the “modern slaves” were in Asia and the Pacific.
  • The report forms the baseline for achieving Sustainable Development Goal 8.7 (eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking, and end child labour by 2025). In India, NITI Aayog is entrusted with the task of overseeing implementation of the SDGs in the country.
  • The modern slaves’ only hope is to be rescued by law-enforcing heroes. Long before neoabolitionist groups and indeed Western countries set the global policy agenda on “trafficking”, in the 1970s and 1980s India and Brazil had developed a rich, indigenous jurisprudence on exploitation.
  • This had a structural understanding of coercion and exploitation in labour markets and was backed by a creative regulatory response. But sadly today, the Indian government is set to introduce the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016, which exemplifies neoabolitionism.
  • Neoabolitionist (or neo-abolitionist or new abolitionism) is a term used in historiography to characterize historians of race relations motivated by the spirit of racial equality typified by the abolitionists who fought to abolish slavery in the mid-19th century.
  • India has a complex patchwork of anti-trafficking laws, ranging from the Indian Penal Code and the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act (ITPA), 1986, to social welfare legislation on contract and bonded labor, and inter-state migrant work. While criminal laws like the ITPA target ‘bad men’ traffickers, labour laws presume endemic exploitation in labour markets.
  • In India, a combination of penal, labour and contract laws are used to impose obligations for better working conditions. Unfortunately, as the topic of trafficking gained international prominence, the government understood trafficking to be equivalent to sex trafficking and sex work.
  • The Section 370 of the IPC pursues the classic raid-rescue-rehabilitation model, with stringent penalties for trafficking, including life imprisonment for its aggravated forms, reversals of burden of proof, and provisions for stripping traffickers of their assets.
  • It creates a plethora of new institutions with unclear roles, capacious powers (including for surveillance) and no accountability, alongside parallel adjudication machinery with special courts and special public prosecutors. There is no clarity on how the Bill relates to the ITPA and to labour laws.

What should India do?

The reform measures should ensure the following things
• Robust implementation of labour laws
• A universal social protection floor
• Self-organisation of workers
• Improved labour inspection, including in the informal economy
• Corporate accountability for decent work conditions
• Systemic reforms to counter distress migration,
• End caste-based discrimination,
• Enforce the rural employment guarantee legislation,
• Avoid the indiscriminate rescue of voluntary sex workers
• Protect migrants’ mobility and rights.

As the introduction of the Trafficking Bill in Parliament appears imminent, only a bold, holistic response to what is a socioeconomic problem of labour exploitation can help India realize SDG 8.7.

Editorial Made as simple – 9th Feb, 2018

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A BOOST TO RURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Act, 1981 was enacted to establish a development bank to provide and regulate credit and other facilities in order to promote and develop agriculture, small-scale industries, cottage and village industries, handicrafts, and allied economic activities in rural areas.
The amendments passed by Parliament to the NABARD Act, 1981 to boost the rural economy and recognise the vital role of MSMEs, as defined under the MSME Development Act of 2006.

Reasons for amending the Act:
• NABARD needed to be provided with additional equity from time to time to enable it to meet its objectives for rural development.
• Certain existing commitments of NABARD relating to the long-term irrigation fund and enhanced refinance support to cooperative banks required urgent infusion of equity.
• The current authorised capital of NABARD is fully paid-up, there was a need to increase it to enable the Central government to infuse additional equity as and when required

The NABARD (Amendment) Bill, 2017 provides for empowering the Central government to increase the authorised capital of NABARD from ₹5,000 crore to ₹30,000 crore in consultation with the RBI. The amendments primarily seek to transfer the RBI’s balance equity of ₹20,000 crore in NABARD to the Central government.

“Current Affairs Pulse – 20 -12- 2017”

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1) Consider the following with respect to US’s new Strategy and answer.
a. Nation-building or promotion of democracy in Islamic countries is not part of the strategy.
b. China is named as a threat in both South and Central Asia and Indo-Pacific regions.
c. Enhancing India’s global standing from being a ‘balancing power’ to be a ‘leading power’.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 1)

2) With reference to Water Hyacinth, consider the following and answer.
a. Water Hyacinth is known as “Bengal Terror”.
b. Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) has come out with a plan to turn water hyacinth into organic manure.
c. The final product consists of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 1)

3) Consider the following with reference to ‘Whip’ and answer.
a. He/She Serve as channel of communication between party and its members.
b. Party whip directs the party members to stick to the party’s stand on certain issues and directs them to vote as per the direction of senior party members.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17(Pg.- 5)

4) With reference to Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant, consider the following and answer.
a. It is the single largest nuclear power station in India.
b. KKNPP already have six VVER-1000 reactors built in collaboration with Atomstroyexport, the Russian.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17(Pg.- 6)

5) With reference to National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), consider the following and answer.
a. NTCA is a statutory body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change.
b. It was provided statutory status by the Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006 which had amended Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17(Pg.- 7)

6) Consider the following with reference to Sakala scheme and answer.
a. Sakala scheme (2011) was implemented to curb corruption and deliver services effectively in some of the key departments.
b. More than 725 services are being provided under the Sakala Act.
c. Government has now proposed to launch Sakala-2 with stringent rules.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 8)

7) With reference to Right of Persons with Disabilities Bill, consider the following and answer.
a. The RPwDB is more aligned to the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).
b. 2016 legislation covers 21 categories of disabilities compared to 7 in the 1995 legislation.
c. At least 5% seats in all government institutions of higher education and those getting aid from the government are required to reserve seats for persons with benchmark disabilities.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 9)

8) With reference to National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL), consider the following and answer.
a. NABL is an autonomous society providing Accreditation (Recognition) of Technical competence.
b. It has Mutual Recognition Arrangements with Asia Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (APLAC), Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA), International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC).
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17(Pg.- 9)

9) Consider the following with reference to Aadhaar card and answer.
a. The main objective of aadhar is to ensure good governance and for efficient transparent and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services to the Individual.
b. According to the latest rules, ‘explicitly informed consent’ from customers has been made compulsory to mapping Aadhar to a bank account.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17(Pg.- 9)

10) With reference to Goods and Service Tax Network (or GSTN), consider the following and answer.
a. It is a non-profit, non-government organization.
b. The GSTN is a trusted National Information Utility (NIU).
c. The user charges will be paid entirely by the Central Government and the State Governments in equal proportion (i.e. 50:50) on behalf of all users.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 10)

11) With reference to e-cigarette, consider the following and answer.
a. It works by heating a liquid to generate an aerosol, commonly called a “vapor”.
b. The Ligiid usually made of nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerine, and flavorings.
c. Thes are likely to be safer than tobacco cigarettes.
Choose the correct code
a) 1,2 only
B) 2,3 ONLY
c) 1,3 only
d) All the Above
Refer “The Hindu”- 20/12/17 (Pg.- 12)

12) Consider the following with reference to Scheme for Capacity Building in Textile Sector (SCBTS)” and answer.
a. scheme will have National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) compliant training courses with funding norms as per Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
b. Web-based monitoring will be adopted for steering every aspect of implementation of the programme.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “PIB”

13) With reference to Counter Nuclear Smuggling Team (CNST), consider the following and answer.
a. It is to check the smuggling of radioactive material.
b. The CNST has representation from all concerned Ministries / Departments/ Agencies and meets periodically.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “PIB”

14) Consider the following with reference to Rooppur Nuclear Power Project (RNPP) and answer.
a. It will be the Bangladesh’s first nuclear power plant.
b. It is to be built by the Russian Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “PIB”

15) With reference to NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR), consider the following and answer.
a. The mission is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite.
b. The satellite will be the first radar imaging satellite to use dual frequency.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2
Refer “PIB”

“Brief of Kurukshetra – November 2017 – Irrigation & Water Conservation”

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Brief of Kurukshetra – November,2017

 

 

 

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