“Daily Current Affairs – (10/09/2017 and 11/09/2017)”

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National News:-

1)Army to induct women into military police soon to probe gender crimes:-

 

The government has decided to recruit women jawans into the Army’s Corps of Military Police (CMP) for investigating gender specific crimes. The proposal is very significant as women will be inducted in the military’s non-officer cadre for the first time, although they will be in a non-combat role.
Women were required in the Corps of Military Police (CMP) to investigate gender-specific allegations and crime.
The women will be inducted as junior commissioned officers and jawans.

Background:-

Corps of Military Police (CMP) is the military police of the Indian Army. In addition, the CMP is trained to handle prisoners of war and to regulate traffic, as well as to handle basic telecommunication equipment such as telephone exchanges. They can be identified by their red berets, white lanyards and belts, and they also wear a black brassard with the letters MP imprinted in red.
The term ‘red berets’ is synonymous with the personnel of the elite corps of Military Police (CMP), since all ranks of this Corps adorn the exclusive red berets along with white belts to distinguish themselves from other Corps of Army.

2)Government unveils rules to tackle on-board disruptive and unruly behaviour by passengers:-

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has unveiled rules to tackle on-board disruptive and unruly behaviour by passengers. The DGCA has revised the relevant sections of the Civil Aviation Requirement to bring in a deterrent for passengers who engage in unruly behaviour on board aircrafts. The revision has been done in accordance with the provisions of Tokyo Convention 1963.
The focus has been on ensuring on board safety while maintaining an element of balance and safeguarding the interest of passengers, cabin crew and the airlines.

New rules are as follows:-

No- Fly list: The new rules will allow for the formation of a national, No Fly List of unruly passengers. The promulgation of the No – Fly List in India is unique and first-of-its-kind in the world. The concept of the No-Fly List is based on the concern for safety of passengers, crew and the aircraft, and not just on security threat.

Applicability: The revised CAR deals with unruly behavior of passenger on-board aircrafts. Unruly behavior of passengers at airport premises will be dealt with by relevant security agencies under applicable penal provisions. The revised CAR will be applicable for all Indian operators engaged in scheduled and non-scheduled air transport services, both domestic and international carriage of passengers. The CAR would also be applicable to foreign carriers subject to compliance of Tokyo Convention 1963.

3)Andhra Pradesh to get India’s first Hyperloop:-

The government of Andhra Pradesh has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with California-based Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) to develop India’s first Hyperloop route in the state.

Facts:-

The proposed route for the Hyperloop between the city centers of Vijaywada and Amaravati could potentially turn a trip of more than one hour into a 6 minute ride.
The project will use a Public Private Partnership (PPP) model with funding primarily from private investors.

Background:-

Amaravati is a state-of-the-art city being developed in Andhra Pradesh as its de facto capital. In order to boost its image and emerge as the frontier city in future technology, Amaravati is looking forward to collaborating with Hyperloop Transportation Technologies. Hyperloop is a cutting-edge technological disruption in the transportation industry.
The Hyperloop is expected to give rise to development of various state-of-the-art technology parks and software clusters in Amaravati, helping to fortify the city’s image as a world class leader in science and technology.

4)Considering to extend FAME-India scheme:-

The centre is considering the extension of FAME- India scheme to promote electric and hybrid vehicles by another six months.
FAME India – Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles in India – is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.
The scheme has four focus areas, technology development, demand creation, pilot projects and charging infrastructure.
The scheme envisages Rs 795 crore support in the first two fiscals starting with the current year.
It is being administered by the Heavy Industries Ministry.

5)Uninhabited Lakshadweep island Parali I vanishes, 4 others shrinking fast: study:-

A new study has revealed that one of Lakshadweep’s bio-diversity rich islands Parali I has vanished. Parali I island, part of Bangaram atoll, which was 0.032 km2 in 1968 has been eroded to an extent of 100%, resulting in its inundation. Additionally, four other territories in the sea are also shrinking.
A general trend in erosion has been noticed in almost all islands he studied. The magnitude of such events was higher in Parali group, evidenced by the complete erosion and inundation of the island Parali I.
The magnitude of net erosion was higher in Parali I island (100%), which resulted in its inundation. Apart from Parali I, net erosion was higher in Parali II (80%), followed by Thinnakara (14.38%), Parali III (11.42%) and Bangaram (9.968%).
The complete erosion and inundation of Parali I was pointing to the gravity of issues associated with coastal erosion within the atoll.
The study said the complete erosion and inundation of Parali I was pointing to the gravity of issues associated with coastal erosion within the atoll.
Therefore, the results are indicative of the urgent measures to be implemented on each islet of the atoll to check further erosion.
It is recommended to check the feasibility of a bio protection strategy using mangroves, in addition to the conventional physical protection measures.

Science and Technology:-

1)Pluto mountains named after Tenzing Norgay, Edmund Hillary:-

Two mountain ranges on Pluto have been named after Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary respectively by the International Astronomical Union, which for the first time, has officially approved the naming of 14 features on the icy dwarf planet. These are the first geological features on the planet to be named following the close flyby by the New Horizons spacecraft in July 2015.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) was founded in 1919. Its mission is to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation. Its individual members — structured into Divisions, Commissions, and Working Groups — are professional astronomers from all over the world, at the Ph.D. level and beyond, who are active in professional research and education in astronomy. The IAU has 12625 members.
Among other activities, it acts as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.

2)Scientists make fuel from oxygen in air:-

Scientists have found a way to produce methanol — an important chemical often used as fuel in vehicles — using oxygen in the air, an advance that may lead to cleaner, greener industrial processes worldwide.
It could become an alternative to petrol. It is also believed the new system of creating methanol could be used to create chemicals and plastics.
The discovery promises to be not only cheaper, but much more environmentally friendly, as it both reduces energy consumption and conserves dwindling stocks of natural gas.
It also opens up the prospect for the first time of easily converting natural gas into methanol at the site where it is extracted, so that it can be piped as a liquid in normal atmospheric conditions. At the moment methane has to be condensed into liquid natural gas and shipped in pressurised containers.

International News:-

1)Sun and sea water powers vegetable farms in Jordan:-

A new project named “Sahara Forest Project” has been launched in Jordan. It aims to turn Jordan’s sand dunes into farming land to produce food using sun and sea water.

Project Details:-

In the first stage, the project aims to produce up to 130 tonnes of organic vegetables per year from an area the size of four football pitches. It also produces fresh water.
It will use solar panels to provide power and include outdoor planting space, two saltwater-cooled greenhouses, a water desalination unit and salt ponds for salt production.
The project, whose funders include Norway and the European Union, is to be expanded from three hectares to around 200 hectares of desert.

2)International Literacy Day – 2017:-

The 51st International Literacy Day is being celebrated on 8th September, 2017 and the theme announced by UNESCO is `Literacy in a digital world’.
The International Literacy Day is celebrated on 8th September every year throughout the world. On this day, in the year 1965 the World Congress of Ministers of Education met in Tehran for the first time to discuss the programme of education at the international level.
The UNESCO in its 14th Session in November, 1966, declared 8th September as the International Literacy Day. Since then, ILD is celebrated on 8th September every year by most of the member countries.
The key aspect of the observance of ILD is to mobilize public opinion in favour of struggle against illiteracy. ILD is a forum to disseminate information on literacy and raise the public awareness and the significance of literacy for individual and national development.

3)India refuses to join declaration of international meet against Myanmar:-

A delegation of Indian MPs, led by Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan, to the World Parliamentary Forum in Indonesia has disassociated itself from the adoption of the Bali Declaration as it referred to the violence in the Rakhine state of Myanmar and emphasised that any mention of country-specific issues was not appropriate.

Bali declaration:-

The Bali Declaration, adopted at the World Parliamentary Forum on Sustainable Development in Indonesia, called on all parties to contribute to restoring stability and security in the region. It urged everyone to “exercise maximum self-restraint from using violent means, respect the human rights of all people in Rakhine state regardless of their faith and ethnicity, as well as facilitate and guarantee safe access for humanitarian assistance”.

Economic News:-

1)Banks should maintain their credibility: Jaitley:-

Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, that Banks should maintain their credibility. He was speaking in Pune on the occasion of the centenary year of Pune District Co-operative bank.
Mr Jaitley, that Maharashtra has done tremendous progress in the field of co-operatives and finances. If other states in the country follow this example, the whole scenario of rural India will be changed.
Former Union Minister Sharad Pawar presided over the function. Speaking on this occasion, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis announced that the loan waiver amount will be deposited in farmers account before Diwali.

2)Nestle sets up food safety institute in Manesar:-

Swiss food major Nestle set up a food safety institute to help develop standards in food safety and quality.
Inaugurating the Nestle Food Safety Institute (NFSI) in Manesar, Haryana, Food Safety Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) CEO Pawan Agarwal, told mediapersons that unlike its counterparts in the developed world, the food regulator in India faces many challenges. “No country has such a diverse food ecosystem in the world like India. Ensuring food safety and quality in India is a huge task, considering we have such a diverse range of food operators,” Agarwal said.

3)Amazon opens country’s largest fulfillment centre in Hyderabad:-

American e-commerce company Amazon opened its largest fulfilment centre (FC) in the country at the GMR-led Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad.
The new facility has a carpet area of around 4 lakh square feet, along with a storage space of close to 2.1 million cubic feet. This is Amazon’s fifth fulfilment centre in Telangana, thereby increasing the firm’s overall storage capacity to 3.3 million square feet in the state.
Founder of Amazon: Jeff Bezos

4)DIPP to move cabinet note on guarantee fund for startups:-

Keen to ease the flow of loans to startups, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) will move a cabinet note on a credit guarantee fund for budding entrepreneurs.

Credit guarantee fund:-

The fund was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi as part of the Startup India action plan in January 2016.
The fund managed by the DIPP has a corpus of Rs 2,000 crore and will enable greater financial support to startups.
The government will use the fund to stand guarantee for loans given to startups.
A credit guarantee mechanism will help startups raise debt funding through the formal banking system.