- The Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bengaluru.
Founder: Vikram Sarabhai
Founded: 15 August 1969
Motto:Space technology in the Service of humankind.
Director: A. S. Kiran Kumar
- India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle will launch Cartosat-2 series satellite along with 30 co-passenger satellites from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on June 23
- PSLV-C38 will launch the 712 kg Cartosat-2 series satellite for earth observation and 30 co-passenger satellites together, weighing about 243 kg at lift-off, into a 505-km polar Sun Synchronous Orbit
- The co-passenger satellites, comprise 29 Nano satellites from 14 countries – Austria, Belgium, Chile, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, the United Kingdom and the United States of America besides a Nano satellite from India.
- This will be the 40th flight of PSLV and 17th flight of PSLV in ‘XL’ configuration (with the use of solid strap-on motors).
- The space agency also said the 29 international customer Nano satellites are being launched as part of the commercial arrangements between Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), commercial arm of ISRO and International customers.
- Cartosat-2 is an Earth observation satellite in a sun-synchronous orbit and the second of the Cartosat series of satellites. The satellite was built, launched and maintained by the Indian Space Research Organisation.
- Cartosat-2 is a remote sensing satellite and it is similar in configuration to earlier satellites in the series with the objective of providing high-resolution scene specific spot imagery.
A Sun–synchronous orbit:-
- SSO, also called a heliosynchronous orbit
- Is a geocentric orbit that combines altitude and inclination in such a way that the satellite passes over any given point of the planet’s surface at the same local solar time.
Features of Sun Synchronous Orbits:-
- The satellite passes over a given location on Earth every time at the same local solar time.
- Thus, it guarantees the same illumination condition, which varies only with seasons.
- The orbit is Quasi-polar in nature and so ensures coverage of the whole surface of the Earth