Indo Saracenic Architecture

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What is Indo – Saracenic?

  • An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India which drew elements from native Indo-Islamic and Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revival and Neo- Classical styles favoured in Victorian Britain.

                                Development of the Style

  • BEFORE 1857 – European classical style (incorporating Greek and Roman Features such as columns, triangular pediments) employed for the public buildings: image as the holders of power and status and to distance themselves from the natives.
  • REVOLT OF 1857 – India began to be ruled under the British crown: essential to legitimatize their rule and connect to the natives of the colonized land.

Principal Characteristics:

  • Onion (Bulbous) Domes
  • Overhanging Eaves
  • Pointed Arches, Cusped Arches, or Scalloped Arches
  • Vaulted Roofs
  • Domed Kiosks
  • Many Miniature Domes, or Domed Chhatris
  • Towers or Minarets
  • Open Pavilions
  • Pierced open Arcading

Leading Architects

  • Robert Fellowes Chisholm
  • Charles Mant
  • Henry Irwin
  • William Emerson
  • George Wittet
  • Frederick W.Stevens

Prominent Buildings

  • Courts and other Civic Buildings
  • Clock Towers
  • Government College and High School Buildings
  • Railway Stations
  • Art Galleries
  • Palaces of the Indian Maharajas