- The Centre will soon set up a high-level committee headed by Chief Statistician of India to oversee the country’s progress towards UN’s Sustainable Development Goals aimed at ending poverty, fighting inequalities and tackling climate change.
- A dashboard is also being developed with technical support from the UN Development Programme (UNDP) to “strengthen the mechanism” for monitoring progress on these global goals.
- Data collected by private agencies may be considered for monitoring the SDGs, particularly since a number of the goals are not directly linked to the Centre’s provision of public services.
- The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has already developed a list of draft national indicators to measure progress of SDGs.
- These draft indicators have been put out in public domain. Based on the inputs received, national-level indicators will be finalised.
- India will hold bi-annual reviews with the State governments for identifying good practices and challenges.
- There is an emphasis on assessing and improving the availability of data and putting in place a transparent monitoring system
- The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of 17 “Global Goals” with 169 targets between them.
- Spearheaded by the United Nations through a deliberative process involving its 193 Member States, as well as global civil society the Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that acts as the Post 2015 Development Agenda (successor to the Millennium Development Goals).
- The SDGs build on the Principles agreed upon under Resolution A/RES/66/288, popularly known as the Future We Want it is a non-binding document released as a result of Rio+20 Conference held in 2012 in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.
- These SDGs included ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans.
Proposed 17 goals are:-
1) End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
2) End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.
3) Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages.
4) Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
5) Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
6) Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
7) Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
8) Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all.
9) Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation, and foster innovation.
10) Reduce inequality within and among countries.
11) Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
12) Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
13) Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts (taking note of agreements made by the UNFCCC forum).
14) Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
15) Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss.
16) Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
17) Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.