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“Daily Current Affairs – 23/09/2017”

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National News:-

1. Andhra CM Naidu declares 2017 as e-pragati year:-

  • Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu has declared the year of 2017 as e-pragati year.
  • Naidu said that all districts must come under the purview of the flagship programme that will help the government make real-time governance.
  • The Chief Minister also inaugurated the Andhra Pradesh Sports Policy 2017.

2. Mazagon Dock Ltd delivered 1st scorpion class submarines to Indian Navy:-

  • The state-owned Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai delivered the first of six scorpion class submarines to the Indian Navy. The submarine, INS Kalvari will be commissioned soon.
  • A senior Navy official said, the development marks a major milestone in Indian Navy’s submarine programme as the vessel is expected to bolster India’s maritime prowess.
  • The six submarines designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS, will replace the Indian Navy’s aging Sindhughosh and Shishumar class of submarines.

3. Andhra Pradesh to be declared ODF by March 2018:-

  • Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, Shri N Chandrababu Naidu, announced that Andhra Pradesh will be declared ODF by March 2018.
  • This was announced during a Collectors’ Conference in Vijaywada, as a part of the Swachhata Hi Seva Campaign.
  • Adding momentum to this drive more than 2 lakhs toilet pits were dug on 17th September in Madhya Pradesh. These are targeted to be converted into one lakh toilets by 2nd October.

4. NHRC National Seminar on Good Governance, Development and Human Rights:-

  • The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh said that in Indian culture, the focus has always been on duties and not on rights; if everybody attends to his duties, the rights of all automatically get protected.
  • He was addressing at a National seminar on Good Governance, Development and Human Rights, organized by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • He said that the concept of Human Rights in the centuries old Indian ethos is rooted in peace, unlike the West where it shaped up with conflict post- World War-II.

International News:-

1.International Day of Peace: 21 September:-

  • The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day is observed annually on 21 September.
  • It is dedicated to world peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence.
  • The theme for International Day of Peace2017 is “Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All.”

2. World Alzheimer’s Day: 21 September:-

  • World Alzheimer’s day is the international an international day observed on 21 September to raise awareness and challenge the stigma that surrounds dementia.
  • World Alzheimer’s day was launched in 2012.
  • World Alzheimer’s Day 2017 Theme is “Remember me”.

3. New Zealand ‘top in world’ for preparing students for future:-

  • New Zealand and Canada have been singled out as the countries that best prepare students for the future, in a major study that assesses the “effectiveness” of education systems.
  • The Worldwide Educating for the Future Index, produced by the Economist Intelligence Unit for the Yidan Prize Foundation, evaluates education systems in 35 economies across 16 indicators.
  • The five highest ranked countries are New Zealand, Canada, Finland, Switzerland and Singapore.
  • The two countries supplying the largest pool of workers in the world, India and China, are also below average (at 29th and 31st respectively).

4. US to give $32mn in aid to Rohingya:-

  • The US will provide a humanitarian aid package worth $32 million to the Rohingya Muslim minority who have fled violence in Myanmar and crossed into neighbouring Bangladesh.
  • The aid package comes a day after Secretary of State Rex Tillerson spoke with Myanmar de facto leader of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi.
  • Some 415,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since the ongoing violence broke out on August 25 when Rohingya rebels attacked police checkposts in Rakhine resulting in the deaths of 12 security personnel.

Economic News:-

1. OECD cuts India’s FY18 growth outlook:-

  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has trimmed India’s growth forecast for the current financial year, citing the temporary impact of the rollout of the goods and services tax and demonetisation.
  • OECD said India’s economy will likely grow 6.7% in FY18, lower than its estimate of 7.3% in June.
  • In contrast, China’s economy gets a 0.2% lift from its earlier assessment to 6.8% for 2017.

2. SBI tops trust and popularity charts:-

  • State Bank of India (SBI) is India’s most trusted and most popular bank according to a survey conducted by Brand Finance, a business valuation and strategic consultancy headquartered in London.
  • On the trust charts, SBI is followed by HDFC Bank and Central Bank of India whereas on the popularity charts, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank take the second and third spots respectively.

“Current Affairs Editorial – Solving the Afghan Riddle”

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Solving the Afghan Riddle

G.S.Paper II: India and its neighbourhood- relations:-

Context:

  • The visit of James Mattis, the United States of America’s Secretary Of Defense, to India is being looked forward to by India.
  • The following issues are expected to take primacy namely, counter terrorism, Defense ties and Afghanistan.
  • The visit of the United States of America’s Defense Secretary comes barely a month after President Donald Trump announced the latest U.S. policy on Afghanistan on August 21.

The Situation In Afghanistan:

  • The situation in Afghanistan continues to be fragile.
  • The Taliban has made some gains by changing their strategy.
  • But the Taliban today is not a cohesive movement and has divisions within it.

Major Change in the United States of America’s policy in Afghanistan:

  • The important issue today is how the U.S. strategy differs from the past in terms of addressing concerns regarding Pakistan’s role in Afghanistan.
  • In a nutshell, the United States of America’s Policy on Afghanistan envisages the following:
  • More pressure on Pakistan.
  • No early U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan.
  • Robust military action on counterterrorism
  • A greater role for India.

Shift in Pakistan’s strategic priority towards China:

  • This change in approach of the United States should be analyzed in view of a shift in Pakistan’s strategic priority towards China.
  • More pressure on Pakistan: Part of the New Policy in Afghanistan.,
  • In 2009, President Barack Obama had spoken of Pakistan’s lack of action, but not so strongly and harshly as his successor Mr. Donald Trump.
  • Sharp words on Pakistan have been said at different levels by earlier U.S. administrations too.
  • They were also codified in the form of conditions in various assistance laws, including the Kerry-Lugar-Berman Bill.

Afghanistan – Pakistan Relationship:

  • A study of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations since 1947 will reveal that their relations have always been thorny and replete with problems.
  • The only exception was during the brief Taliban era which saw occasional flare ups with regard to the Durand Line.
  • India-Pakistan relations, good or bad, has had not impacted Pakistan-Afghanistan relations.

The Indo Afghan Relationship:

  • Just after Independence, on January 4, 1950, India signed a Treaty of Friendship with Afghanistan.
  • This friendship treaty also permitted opening of consulates in each other’s country.
  • In October 2011, India was the first country Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership agreement with.
  • India has always wanted a democratic, stable and strong Afghanistan able to decide its own future.
  • The basic tenets of India’s aims, policy and approach towards Afghanistan in respect of bilateral and regional cooperation remain unchanged.

India’s Strategic Partnership with Afghanistan:

  • India has a close strategic partnership with Afghanistan.
  • It covers a broad spectrum of areas which include political, security, trade and economic cooperation as well as capacity development.
  • India’s assistance in the defense sector has been modest and based on specific requests by the government of Afghanistan.

India’s Reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan:

  • India is always ready for more intensive bilateral relations.
  • It has been at the forefront in respect of assistance for the reconstruction of Afghanistan.
  • India is considered, by the Afghan population as non-threatening with its democratic traditions upheld as a model.
  • Afghans also appreciate that India had never interfered in their internal affairs.

Scope for a more proactive role for India in Afghanistan:

  • The Afghans want more help.
    Speedy augmentation, training and supply of equipment for the Afghan National Security
  • Forces is important to enable Afghanistan to protect its interests and maintain peace in the country.
  • India could assist Afghanistan in training as per their requirement and supplying much-needed spare parts and such equipment as is possible without deployment of Indian troops in Afghanistan.

Enabling Afghanistan access the Energy Arc:

  • Asia is a region of energy and resources stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Caspian Sea and Central Asia to Siberia and Russia’s Far East.
  • The energy basket needs to be exploited for the benefit of Afghanistan and the surrounding region.
  • The Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India pipeline, SAARC (South AsianAssociation for Regional Cooperation) and SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) should help in encouraging regional economic cooperation between Afghanistan and its neighbours.

Helping Afghans connect with the world at large:

  • Expeditious action on completion of the Chabahar port will help in increasing Afghanistan’s contacts with India and the outside world.

Reducing Outside Interference in Afghanistan:

  • There should be no outside interference in Afghanistan.
  • To enable this, the infrastructure of terrorism has to be dismantled.

Preventing Safe Sanctuary for the terrorists:

  • It is important to deny sanctuary and support to the Taliban’s Quetta Shura and the Haqqani network.
  • For any effective counterterrorism policy, all major terrorist groups operating in the area should be considered a single group.

The effect of Opium Trading:

  • It is also imperative to redouble counter-narcotics efforts as Afghanistan remains the world’s largest producer of opium.
  • India is in favour of a reconciliation process which has overall Afghan support and is based on internationally accepted redlines.

Peace and Reconciliation efforts in Afghanistan by India:

Peace and reconciliation were embedded in the very first international compact on Afghanistan, in the text of the Bonn Agreement of December 2001.

How to Ensure Regional Security In Afghanistan:

  • For regional security there must be closer involvement of regional powers in international efforts to ensure non-interference and a stable Afghanistan.
  • It is important for India to coordinate its efforts with those of Russia, Iran and the Central Asian Republics to ensure success.

The effect of India – Pakistan relations on Afghanistan:

Unfair attempts have been made now and then to link the Afghan issue with India-Pakistan relations.
India and Afghanistan have never exploited their friendly bilateral relations to harm Pakistan.

This is clear from three things:

  • In both the 1965 and 1971 wars, Afghanistan was non-committal and did not support India.
  • On the Kashmir issue, Afghanistan has not publicly supported India.
    India has not entered the debate on the Durand Line.

India’s objective in Afghanistan: A democratic, stable and strong Afghanistan:

  • Neither India nor India- Pakistan relations were responsible for the situation which prevailed in Afghanistan following the departure of the Soviet troops.
  • No extremist group — the Taliban, Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba — is based in India or has any Indian connection.
  • India, in fact, has always been a part of the solution as far as the problems in Afghanisthan is concerned.
  • To blame India-Pakistan relations for the situation in Afghanistan is neither fair nor just.

Conclusion:

  • The problems affecting Afghanistan has been clearly identified by the United States of America and it are reflected in the changes made to its Afghan policy.
  • But the million dollar question is this: Can they implement the same and bring about a much needed change in Afghanistan?
  • India too needs to roll up its sleeves and play a pro active role to usher in Peace and Prosperity in Afghanistan.

“Current Affairs Pulse – 22/09/2017”

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1. Which of the following statements regarding the India Club in London are correct:
a. It was a hub for Indian nationalists in the U.K. during the independence movement in the 1930s and 40s.
b. The India Club has its roots in the India League which campaigned for Indian independence.
c. It has functioned as an Indian restaurant and hangout for Indian journalists and intellectuals since 1946.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 22 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

2. Which of the following statements about the Khelo India School Games Project are correct:
a. It aims to create the best ever school tournament (under-17) wherein the best of the National Sports Federation come, the best of the Sports Authority of India academies and the best of the schools come and they compete in an environment where the technical facilities are world class.
b. The program identifies 1000 athletes and provides them continuous support for eight years’ worth ₹5 lakh per athlete each year adding 1000 athletes to this list every year and non-performers would be weeded out.
c. It aims to utilize modern technology as well to reach out to youngsters in far-flung corners of the country.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 21 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

3. Which one of the following are not the recommendations of the Lodha Panel to reform the Board of Control For Cricket in India:
a. One state, one vote and no proxy voting of individuals.
b. Separate governing bodies for the IPL and BCCI.
c. Relegation of Railways, Services and Universities as Associate members and no voting rights for them.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 19 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

4. Which of the following statements about Bonds are correct:
a. As Bond Prices increase, bond yields fall.
b. As Bond Prices decreases, bond yield rises.
c. As Bond Prices increase, bond yields rise.
d. As Bond Prices decrease, bond yield fall.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements about the presence of a world class Exhibition-cum-Convention Centre in India are correct:
a. The size of the global Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, Exhibitions (MICE) market is about $280 billion and that of Asian MICE market about $60 billion.
b. India until now did not benefit from the market size due to lack of world class ECC.
c. A $5 billion-worth world-class and state-of-the-art Exhibition-cum-Convention Centre (ECC) in the national capital, which has been proposed, will be the largest such facility in Asia upon its completion in 2021.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

6. Which of the following statements about Power Grid Corporation of India Limited are correct:
a. The Power Grid Corporation of India Limited, as the Central Transmission Utility of the country, is responsible for planning and coordinated development of reliable transmission infrastructure.
b. The Power Grid Corporation has already established interconnections with Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh having an overall cumulative capacity of over 2500 MW.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 15 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements regarding the new sanctions imposed on North Korea by the United States of America are correct:
a. The new set of sanctions is wider and it includes the blacklisting people and entities doing business with North Korea.
b. This new black list includes shipping and trade networks, textiles, fishing, information technology, and manufacturing industries.
c. This new sanction, it is believed, will cut off sources of revenue that fund North Korea’s efforts to develop the deadliest weapons known to humankind.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 15 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

8. Which of the following statements about the new PPP Policy for Affordable Housing are correct:
a. The new policy has eight PPP options, including six for promoting affordable housing with private investments using government lands.
b. This policy seeks to assign risks among the government, developers, and financial institutions, to those who can manage them the best, besides leveraging under-utilized and unutilized private and public lands.
c. The above policy intervention is aimed at meeting the Housing for All target by 2022 under The Pradhan Manthri Awaas Yojana by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017 and PIB Newsletter dated 21 September 22, 2017.

9. Which one of the following personalities have been accorded the Title Mahamana:
a. Pandit Madan Mohan Malavya
b. Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay
c. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
d. Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017

10. Which of the following statements about The Women’s Reservation Bill are correct:
a. It was proposed to amend the Constitution of India to reserve 33% of all seats in the Lower house of Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha only.
b. The seats were proposed to be reserved in rotation and would have been determined by draw of lots in such a way that a seat would be reserved only once in three consecutive general elections.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017

11. Which of the following statements about the Cooperative societies in India are correct:
a. The cooperatives were mainly present in sugar and dairy sectors in India.
b. Sectors like neem oil production, fishery sector and beekeeping are fertile grounds for cooperatives to step in future.
c. Laxman Madhav Rao Inamdar was a great leader associated with the Cooperative Movement in Maharashtra.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

12. Bannerghatta National Park is located in which of the following states:
a. Kerala
b. Karnataka
c. Tamil Nadu
d. Andhra Pradesh
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 9 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

13. Which of the following statements about White Tiger are correct:
a. It has the black stripes typical of the Bengal tiger, but carries a white or near-white coat.
b. The white fur caused by a lack of the pigment pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange color fur.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 9 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

14. Which of the following statements about Khas Durbar are correct:
a. It was conducted by the Maharajas of the Wodeyar dynasty of Mysuru at the Amba Vilas Palace.
b. Khas Durbar is a symbolic rendition of the practices which were in vogue during the rule of the maharajas and is recreated during the Dasara celebrations today.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 8 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

15. Which of the following statements about Nuclear Energy in India are correct:
a. Nuclear energy is emerging as one of the most important and clean sources to meet the rising energy needs of India.
b. Now, Nuclear energy is being utilized for other socially relevant purposes like irradiation of agricultural and food products.
c. The Department of Atomic Energy has also been engaged in the development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of medicine, industry and basic research.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer The PIB newsletter dated September 22, 2017.

16. Which of the following statements about Migrants are correct:
a. Refugees are persons fleeing armed conflict or persecution.
b. The situation of Refugees is often so perilous and intolerable that they cross national borders to seek safety in nearby countries, and thus become internationally recognized as “refugees” with access to assistance from States, UNHCR, and other organizations.
c. They are so recognized precisely because it is too dangerous for them to return home, and they need sanctuary elsewhere.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017 and the UNHRC Website.

17. Which of the following statements about Migrants are correct:
a. Migrants choose to move not because of a direct threat of persecution or death, but mainly to improve their lives by finding work, or in some cases for education, family reunion, or other reasons.
b. Unlike refugees who cannot safely return home, migrants face no such impediment to return and if they choose to return home, they will continue to receive the protection of their government.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

18. What do you mean by the acronym SNAFU:
a. It was a military parlance used during the World War II.
b. SNAFU stands for Situation Normal, All Fouled Up.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

19. Which of the following statements about Indian Leopard are correct:
a. The Indian Leopard is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
b. The first ever count of India’s leopards was conducted alongside the tiger census in 2016.
c. The leopards were counted using the same methods adopted for the tiger census.
d. It involves getting pictures of animals through camera-trapping and gathering other evidence of their presence, and then extrapolating the numbers to cover the entire forest landscape.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

20. Based on the Census of Indian Leopard population, which of the following states in India has the largest population of the elusive species:
a. Madhya Pradesh
b. Karnataka
c. Maharashtra
d. Chattisgarh
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

21. Which of the following statements about the documentary Guli’s Children are correct:
a. The documentary tries to locate the genealogical link between Calicut (Kozhikode), which is called Guli in Chinese, and China.
b. There existed a rich interaction between China and India between the 12th and 15th centuries AD, when the Chinese frequented Calicut, Cochin and Quilon through the maritime Silk Road.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

“Current Affairs Pulse – 21/09/2017”

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1. Which of the following statements about Quantum Computing are correct:
a. It is still largely a theoretical entity and employs the principles of quantum mechanics to store information.
b. Instead of the typical bits of 1 and 0 quantum computers store information in qubits and it works faster because of the way such circuits are designed.
c. To sort a billion numbers, a quantum computer would require 3.5 million fewer steps than a traditional machine, and would find the solution in only 31, 623 steps.
d. The existing systems however use principles of quantum computing to solve very limited problems and true quantum computers are still years away.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

2. Which of the following statements regarding Sporting honors in India are correct:
a. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award in Sports and Games is the highest sporting honour of the Republic of India.
b. It is awarded annually by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
c. A committee constituted by the Ministry Of Youth Affairs and Sports select sportspersons who are honored for their most outstanding performance in the field of sports over a period of four years at international level.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

3. Which of the following statements about Civilian awards in India are in correct:
a. The Bharath Rathna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.
b. The Padma Bhushan is the second-highest civilian award of the Republic of India and the criteria include service in any field including service rendered by Government servants including doctors and scientists, but exclude those working with the public sector undertakings.
c. The Padma Vibhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)1 and 2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

4. Which of the following statements about Transitional Credit Claims are correct:
a. Firms can claim transitional credits for inputs bought and taxes paid before GST rollout.
b. The accumulated transitional credit is more than what could be claimed on manufacturing output.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements about Mumbai High fields are correct:
a. Mumbai High is India’s biggest oil field.
b. ONGC has made a significant oil discovery to the west of its prime Mumbai High fields which comes almost 50 years after ONGC began production in Mumbai High.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

6. Which of the following statements about P2P Peer To Peer Lending –are correct:
a. P2P lending is a form of crowd-funding used to raise loans which are paid back with interest.
b. It matches lenders with borrowers in order to provide unsecured loans.
c. Peer-to-peer lending (P2P) platforms will be treated as non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and thus regulated by the RBI from hereon.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements about Indian Tea exports are correct:
a. The more than 90-day closure of the Darjeeling tea industry by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha, which is demanding a separate state, has harmed the interests of the premium and specialty teas but has not hampered India’s overall tea exports.
b. Taken with Russia, the CIS region which comprises Ukraine and Kazakhstan is India’s single-largest block for tea exports.
c. Two countries where Indian teas made major inroads were China and Sri Lanka who are among India’s top rivals in the global tea arena.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

8. Which of the following statements about the Rohingya Muslims according to Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina are correct:
a. They were excluded from the list of recognized ethnic groups of Myanmar.
b. In 1982, the Rohingyas were denied their right to citizenship.
c. They were sent to IDP camps in their own country, Myanmar.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

9. Which of the following statements about the Mexican earthquake are correct:
a. The epicenter of the 7.1 magnitude earthquake was Atencingo, about 120 kms from Mexico City.
b. The quake hit the country exactly 32 years since the two quakes in 1985 which resulted in the death of at least 10,000 people.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 16 of The Hindu Dated September 21, 2017.

10. Which one of the following statements regarding the volcano Popocatepetl are correct:
a. It is located in the country of Mexico.
b. As the earthquake shook, Mexico’s Popocatepetl volcano had a small eruption.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 14 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

11. Which of the following statements regarding the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action are
correct:
a. Apart from the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, European Union too is part of the Joint ComprehensivePlan of Action.
b. Under the agreement, Iran agreed to eliminate its stockpile of medium-enriched uranium papers.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 14 of The Hindu Dated September 22, 2017.

12. Which of the following statements regarding the Chahbahar port are correct:
a. The Indian government was developing facilities in Chahbahar as part of regional connectivity plans.
b. The Chahbahar Port will help India access Central Asia, Russia and Europe through truck.
c. The port of Chahbahar is located in Iran.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 13 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

13. Which of the following statements about the GM Mustard – DMH 11 are correct:
a. It has been developed by a team of scientists at Delhi University under a government-funded project.
b. The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee, India’s regulator for genetically modified seeds, had cleared GM mustard for environmental release and use in fields.
c. A Parliamentary Standing Committee, last month said that there was a paucity of studies on the impact of GM crops on human health.
d. The final government arbiter on allowing GM Mustard to be made available commercially is not the Minister in charge of the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 13 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

14. Which of the following statements regarding the Gulf Of Oman are correct:
a. It is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf.
b. The port of Chabahar is located on the Makran coast, next to the Gulf of Oman and at the mouth of Strait of Hormuz.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 13 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017 and Refer any standard Atlas.

15. Which of the following statements about the Global Slavery Index are correct:
a. It is an annual study of world-wide slavery conditions by country published by the International Labour Organization.
b. The report includes three data points for each country: national estimates of the prevalence of modern slavery, vulnerability measures and an assessment of the strength of government responses.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 13 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

16. Which of the following statements about the Sustainable Development Goal 8.7 are correct:
a. It involves taking immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking.
b. Activists have urged India to implement labour law protections more effectively to eliminate modern slavery and forced labour in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.
c. A multipronged strategy that responds to the needs of all affected constituencies, including bonded labourers, contract workers, domestic workers, intra and interstate as well as international migrant workers and sex workers is necessary in order to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 8.7.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 13 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

17. Which of the following statements about the Paris climate accord are correct:
a. It was entered in December 2015 with an aim to prevent an increase in the global average temperature and keep it well below 2 degrees Celsius.
b. There is an uncertainty over the United States role in the climate deal which withdrew arguing that it gave undue advantage to countries like India and China.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

18. Which of the following statements about the International Solar Allaince are correct:
a. It is an alliance of more than 121 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which come either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
b. The alliance’s primary objective is work for efficient exploitation of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels.
c. The alliance is a treaty-based inter-governmental organization.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 12 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

19. Which of the following statements about Blockchain technology are correct:
a. It is a digital public ledger that records every transaction.
b. Once a transaction is entered in the blockchain, it cannot be erased or modified.
c. Blockchain removes the need for using a trusted third party such as a bank to make a transaction by directly connecting the customers and suppliers.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 11 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

20. Which of the following statements regarding the Geographical Indicators are correct:
a. It is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
b. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights includes protection by offering the Geographical Indicators.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 11 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

“Daily Current Affairs – 22/09/2017”

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International News:-

1. First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’:-

  • The First ‘BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise- 2017’ (BIMSTEC DMEx-2017) will be conducted by the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) as the lead agency from October 10-13, 2017 in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).
  • This Exercise will be a platform for sharing Best Practices on all aspects of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), strengthening regional response and coordination for Disaster Management among the BIMSTEC member countries.
  • All seven nations of the ‘Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation’ (BIMSTEC) Group Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand are participating in the event.
Points to Remember:-
  • BIMSTEC is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia.
  • Its members are Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
  • The BIMSTEC states are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.
    Nepal has current chair of BIMSTEC since 2014.

2. India assists upgradation of Thondaman Vocational Training Centre in Hatton:-

  • India and Sri Lanka signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), to upgrade Thondaman Vocational Training Centre(TVTC), Hatton located in Nuwara Eliya District of Sri Lanka.
  • The MoU was signed by High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka Taranjit Singh Sandhu and Secretary, Ministry of Hill Country New Villages, Infrastructure and Community Development Mrs. R. Nadarasapillai.
  • The upgradation of the center will be done using a grant of SLR 199 million from the Government of India.

National News:-

1. Union Textiles Minister to inaugurate VASTRA 2017:-

  • The 6th Edition of the 4-day international textile and apparel fair, ‘VASTRA’ will be organized in Jaipur during September 21 – 24, 2017 at Jaipur Exhibition and Convention Centre (JECC), Sitapura.
  • The fair will be inaugurated by the Union Minister for Textiles and Information & Broadcasting, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani and Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Smt. Vasundhara Raje, on September 21, 2017.
  • The expo is an all-encompassing trade fair and conference on Textiles and Apparel which will present a fusion of the finest and the latest in textile products – from fiber to fashion, services and technology.

2. Andhra CM releases ‘People First’ mobile app for grievance redressal:-

  • Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu released ‘People First’ mobile application for grievance redressal at the Collectors’ conference in Vijayawada.
  • Chairing a Collectors’ Conference, Chandrababu Naidu said that under this application, people of Andhra Pradesh can dial 1100 to register complaints about government services and schemes.

3. IIM Ahmedabad awarded with the Rajbhasha Keerti Award:-

  • The Indian Institute of Management- Ahmedabad (IIM-A) has been awarded by President of India, Ramnath Kovind with Rajbhasha Keerti Award 2016-17.
  • This honour was awarded on September 14 on the occasion of Hindi Divas Celebration at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi.

4. Pune NGO for women farmers wins UN Equator Prize:-

  • Swayam Shikshan Prayog (SSP), a Pune-based non-governmental organisation working among women farmers, has won this year’s UN Equator Prize.
  • SSP is the only Indian organisation among the 15 winners that were chosen from 800-odd entries.
  • The award recognises SSP’s initiative to empower over 20,000 women farmers from the impoverished Marathwada region in Maharashtra.

5. Book “Bhartiya Kala Mein Salil Kridayen Evam Sadyahsnata Nayika” released:-

  • Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State (Independent charge) for Culture released the book entitled “Bhartiya Kala Mein Salil Kridayen Evam Sadyahsnata Nayika” authored by Dr. Kshetrapal Gangwar and Shri Sanjib Kumar Singh.
  • This is an Art Book based on original research, written in Hindi and published by National Museum after few decades.

Economic News:-

1. India replaces China as top retail destination in 2017: Study:-

  • India has replaced China as the numero uno retail destination in 2017 as part of the global retail development index, according to industry experts.
  • With increasing global participation in Indian retail, the sector will further evolve and become more organised and competitive in providing better assortment to the consumer.

2. India gets its first high horse power loco from France:-

  • India’s dream for high horse power locomotive moved closer to reality with the arrival of the first bodyshell of 12000 HP loco from Alstom France at Kolkata port.
  • This first-of-its-kind high-power electric locomotive will be used to haul freight trains at twice the existing speed by next year.
  • In November 2015, the public transporter inked a contract with the French company to manufacture 800 such train engines over the next 11 years in a joint venture at the Madhepura locomotive factory in Bihar.
  • This is the first major FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) project in the rail sector.

3. State-run PSUs sign MoU to form Khanij Bidesh India Ltd:-

  • National Aluminium Company (Nalco), Hindustan Copper (HCL)and MECL, three state-run PSUs, have signed an MoU to form a joint venture Khanij Bidesh India Ltd (Kabil).
  • The proposed JV will identify, explore, acquire, develop and process strategic minerals overseas for commercial use and to meet domestic supply needs.
  • The JV will deal in 12 strategic minerals that are either not available in the country or the quantity available is lower than requirement.

“Daily Current Affairs – 21/09/2017”

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International News:-

1. WHO grants $175,000 for Rohingyas’ healthcare:-

  • The WHO has released its first tranche of emergency funding of $175,000 to provide lifesaving healthcare to the ‘vulnerable population’ in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar.
  • Though the World Health Organisation (WHO) did not specifically mention the Rohingya refugees, over 410,000 of them have arrived in Cox’s Bazar since August 25 after escaping Myanmar’s military crackdown.
  • The WHO South-East Asia Regional Health Emergency Fund (SEARHEF) grant of $175,000 will support 20 mobile medical teams to provide essential services for at least two months.

2. India ranks third among countries that faced most natural disasters:-

  • India ranked third among the countries that have faced the most natural disasters in the last half century, UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres said pleading for unwavering international action on climate change.
  • The United States, followed by China, India, the Philippines and Indonesia, have experienced the most disasters since 1995.
  • Climate change was among the seven global threats that he listed needing immediate global action.

National News:-

1. Tata Steel, TERI launch ‘Green School Project’ in Odisha:-

  • Tata Steel has in association with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) launched an initiative to create awareness about environment issues in school campuses in Odisha’s Jajpur district.
  • They started the first series of workshops for the students at their Sukinda Chromite Mine (SCM) in Jajpur under the “Green School Project”.
  • The workshop will run till September 23 in all identified schools across raw material locations of Tata Steel.
  • The ‘Green School Project’ was launched in April this year in schools across the operational sites of Tata Steel in Odisha and Jharkhand.

2. Fifth North East Festival to be held in Delhi:-

  • The fifth edition of the North East Festival, which brings together the numerous colours and talents of the region, will begin in New Delhi on November 3.
  • The three-day festival, to be held at IGNCA, Janpath, will present Naga warrior dance, Thang ta of Manipur, Hojagiri of Tripura, Bamboo dance of Mizoram, Wangala dance of Meghalaya, Lion dance of Arunachal Pradesh and much more,.
  • It will also give a platform to around 150 weavers/artisans to show their handloom products and handicrafts.
  • Tourism is the main focus of the festival. Around 30 tour operators are expected to come from the northeast that will exhibit various destinations of the region.

3. Centre to set up inter-ministerial committee on financial cybercrimes:-

  • The government has decided to set up an inter-ministerial committee to monitor implementation of measures to check rise in financial cybercrimes.
  • The decision was taken at a meeting chaired by Home Minister Rajnath Singh where he reviewed measures being taken to arrest the growing trend of cybercrime in the financial sector.
  • He expressed concern over the disturbing rise in cyber frauds using cards and e-wallets in particular.

4. Singapore to set up Skill Center in Northeast:-

  • The Government of Singapore will set up a Skill Center at Guwahati which will cater to the entire North-Eastern region.
  • This was stated by Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh.
  • As far as Skill Centre at Guwahati, it was stated that an MoU has already been formalized between Singapore and the State Government of Assam.
  • As a follow-up to this, a Skill Center is proposed to be set up at Guwahati by the year 2019 and the Ministry of DoNER will coordinate in this initiative.

5. Vice President releases Commemorative Coin on Dr. M.S. Subbulakshmi:-

  • The Vice President of India Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu released a Commemorative Coin on Bharat Ratna Dr. M.S. Subbulakshmi and inaugurated an exhibition entitled “Kurai Onrum Illai-MS: Life in Music” on the occasion of Birth Centenary Commemoration of Dr. M.S. Subbulakshmi.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge) for Culture Dr. Mahesh Sharma was the Guest of Honour.
  • Addressing on the occasion, the Vice President said that Dr. M.S. Subbulakshmi was a legendary and iconic figure who mesmerized everyone from Mahatma Gandhi to common man.

6. Dr Jitendra Singh to inaugurate first ‘Pension Adalat’:-

  • The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh will inaugurate the first ‘Pension Adalat’ on 20th September.
  • He will also award the Pensioners for their outstanding contribution towards ‘Anubhav’ – a platform for retiring employees for sharing their experience of working with Government.
  • Moving ahead from e-governance to m-governance, a Mobile App has been created to avail the services of Pensioners’ Portal which will also be launched by Dr Jitendra Singh.
  • As a measure of welfare to the pensioners of Government of India, a workshop on Pre-Retirement Counseling (PRC) of 300 retiring Central Government employees is also scheduled to be held.
  • The event is being organized by Department of Pension & Pensioners’ Welfare, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Government of India.
  • The objective of this workshop is to create awareness about the post-retirement entitlements as well as an advance planning for life after retirement.

7. 13th Inter-Governmental Commission meeting at Astana, Kazakhstan:-

  • Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan will be visiting Astana, Kazakhstan from 19 – 20 September 2017 to co-chair the 13th Meeting of Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC) with Kazakhstan.
  • Mr Kanat Bozumbayev, Minister of Energy of Kazakhstan will co-chair the meeting from Kazakhstan side.
  • The IGC meeting aims to follow up on the agenda set between India and Kazakhstan during the two visits of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to Kazakhstan in July 2015 and June 2017.

Economic News:-

1. Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code to evolve to its full potential: IBBI Chairman:-

  • Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India Chairman MS Sahoo has said that the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) will evolve gradually to its full potential and one of its main objective is to maximize the value of assets of corporate borrowers.
  • He was addressing a seminar on IBC organized by PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry in New Delhi on day.
  • The IBBI chief also said that the capability of Committee of Creditors is absolutely critical for success of IBC, though the role of insolvency professionals is also important.
  • IBBI was set up last year to regulate the functioning of insolvency professionals and other related entities under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
  • The Code, notified by the government in May last year, has consolidated and amended laws relating to reorganization as well as insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time-bound manner.

2. Govt to introduce ‘Food Street’ at global food fair in New Delhi:-

  • Government has said, it will introduce a curated food experience zone ‘Food Street’ at the global food fair in November in New Delhi.
  • Talking to reporters, Food Processing Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal said that the aim of this food event is to attract more investment in the food processing sector.
  • The experiential platform will bring together culinary practices, flavours, fragrances from cuisines across the world.
  • Chef Sanjeev Kapoor will be the brand ambassador of the event at the global food fair.
  • The Minister said the global food event, which is being held in India for the first time, will provide a platform to investors to taste the food and then take a call on investing in
  • India under the ‘Make in India’ programme.
  • The government had last year allowed 100 per cent FDI for marketing, including through e-commerce, of food products manufactured and produced in India.

3. FM Arun Jaitley reviews state of economy:-

  • Finance Minister Arun Jaitley reviewed the state of economy, including export scenario and infrastructure spendings in New Delhi yesterday, as the government looks to perk up economic activity to boost growth.
  • Sources said the prime focus of the Government is on sectors and industries that create jobs.
  • The focus is also on targeting government spending given the limited fiscal space available particularly on infrastructure, combined with quickly fixing the problems with GST.
  • The Prime Minister’s Office has asked the finance ministry to hold consultations with key ministries to prepare a matrix of government revenues and spending as well as the measures needed to arrest the decline in GDP growth.
  • Government is keen to address structural problems facing the economy as well as transient issues with the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
  • The GST was touted to boost growth by up to 2 percentage points but technical glitches in the first two months of implementation have only created a scare that revenues may fall way short of expectations.
  • Government sources said, the review meeting, which lasted for over two hours, was also attended by Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu, Railway Minister Piyush Goyal and Niti Aayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar.

“Current Affairs Editorial – The Kurdish Vote”

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The Kurdish Vote

G.S.Paper I: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries

G.S.Paper II: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora

Context:

  • The Kurdistan Regional Government has decided to go ahead with a proposed independence referendum.
  • Iraqi Kurdistan is located in the north of Iraq and constitutes the country’s only autonomous region.
  • The firm decision to adopt an independence resolution scheduled for September 25, 2017 was taken despite strong opposition both from within and outside Iraq.

Creating A Regional Political Storm:

  • The independence referendum move by the Iraqi Kurds has created a regional political storm in West Asia.
  • The Iraqi Supreme Court has already asked the Kurdistan Regional Government to suspend the vote.
  • Instead of referendum, the Supreme Court has asked the Kurdistan Regional Government to adopt a legal settlement.
  • Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has threatened to use force if the referendum turns violent.
  • The Turkish government has ordered a military drill on the Iraqi border.
  • Iran has also issued a warning to the Kurdistan Regional Government.

The reasons for staunch opposition:

  • Opposition from all quarters is largely driven by fears of an Yes vote.
  • A yes vote in the referendum is almost certain.
  • An overwhelming Yes would enhance the nationalist aspirations of Kurds living in other countries.
  • Another reason is that an Yes Vote by the Kurds would further destabilize the already destabilized region.

Who are the Kurds?:

  • The Kurds are an ethnic group. They are culturally, historically and linguistically classified as belonging to the Iranian peoples.
  • In the middle eastern region the Kurds mostly inhabit a contiguous area.
    They are the fourth largest ethnic group in West Asia but without a state and are scattered in various countries.
  • This area spans adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
  • In Turkey, Kurdish rebels are involved in a protracted civil war with the Turkish government.
  • While in Syria they have established a regional government.

What an YES vote means to the Kurds:

  • They Kurds, scattered across the Middle East, are all keenly awaiting the outcome of the Iraqi vote.
  • A ‘yes’ vote doesn’t necessarily mean that Iraqi Kurdistan would immediately break away from Iraq.
  • Both the regional government in Erbil and the federal government in Baghdad are not ready for that.

From Brutal Repression to Limited Autonomy:

  • The Iraqi Kurds had been brutally repressed under the regime of Saddam Hussein.
  • This was until the regional government was formed following the first Gulf War of 1991.
    Since then, they have exercised autonomy and built institutions for self-governance.
  • But Kurdistan has remained part of Iraq.

Message from the Kurdish Regional Government:

  • But the Kurdish Regional Government, led by Masoud Barzani, wants to send a message to Baghdad as well as the outside world.
  • The message is loud and clear: The Kurdistan Regional Government aspirations for independence are genuine and have popular resonance.

An opportunity for Baghdad to find a permanent solution:

  • Baghdad should see this as an opportunity to address the Kurdish question.
    In recent years, both Baghdad and Erbil cooperated in the fight against the Islamic State.
  • The Islamic State which posed a greater threat has been largely contained now.
    It’s time for both sides to refocus their energies on settling the dispute between themselves.

The Idea of A Confederation:

  • Though independence remains the proclaimed goal of Iraqi Kurdistan the Kurdistan Regional Government had once proposed a confederation.
  • A united state in which Iraq and Kurdistan could co-exist, sharing resources and a vision on foreign and security policies could be a welcome solution for both the parties rather than outright separation.
  • Such proposal was shot down by Baghdad in the past.
    But now the Kurds are trying to change the status quo by pushing for a referendum.

The Way Forward:

  • A Federal dialogue is essential to break the prevailing atmosphere.
  • The current tensions if not handled properly will deepen the prevailing sectarian fault lines.
  • It is neither in Baghdad’s nor the Kurds’ interest to jeopardize the relative calm in Iraq’s northeast which was achieved after a lot of bloodshed and sacrifice.

Source: “THE HINDU Editorial for September 20, 2017”

“Current Affairs Pulse – 20/09/2017”

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1. Which one of the following cities is the capital of Myanmar:
a)Nay Pyi Taw
b)Mandalay
c)Rangoon/Yangoon
d)Sittwe
Answer: 1
Refer any standard Geography Atlas.

2. Which of the following statements about Myanmar’s latest stand on the Rohigya issue is correct:
a. Myanmar has pledged to hold rights violators to account over the Rohingya crisis.
b. Myanmar also announced that it stood ready to take back refugees in accordance with a verification process agreed with Bangladesh in the early 1990s.
c. At the same time Myanmar refused to blame the country’s Army which is leading the operations against the Rohingyas.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

3. Which of the following statements about Anti Defection Law are correct:
a. Any question regarding the disqualification arising out of defection is to be decided by the presiding officer of the house.
b. The Supreme Court, in Kihoto Holohan Case (1993) has held that the presiding officer, while deciding a question under the Tenth Schedule, function as tribunal.
c. Hence the decision of the presiding officer is not subject to judicial review on the ground of mala fides, perversity etc.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 1 and 5 of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

4. Which of the following statements about Lake Pulicat are correct:
a. Lake Pulicat is the second largest brackish water lake in India.
b. Lake Pulicat spans across two states namely Andhra Pradesh and Telengana and is host to a rich and varied eco system.
c. The heavy siltation in the lake is a cause for worry and if the mouth of Lake Pulicat closes, the growth of sea food and fauna will get reduced drastically.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 2 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements about Lake Pulicat are correct:
a. The major portion of Lake Pulicat falls in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
b. The state of Tamil Nadu organizes an annual flamingo festival to celebrate the migratory birds.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 2 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

6. Which of the following statements about the Pradhan Manthri Vaya Vandana Yojana are correct:
a. The scheme is exclusively for the welfare of the senior citizens.
b. The Government of India has announced subsidized and attractive pension scheme for the senior citizens which is administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India exclusively.
c. The scheme is under the aegis of Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 3 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements about the office of Governor are correct:
a. The dismissal of the council of ministers when it cannot prove the confidence of the state legislative assembly falls under express discretion of the Governor.
b. Recommendation for the imposition of the President’s rule in the state falls under the constitutional discretion of the governor.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 3 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

8. Which of the following statements regarding Cauvery river are correct:
a. The final award of the The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal was announced in the year 2007 in which the actual release of water by Karnataka to Tamil Nadu was fixed at 192 TMC annually.
b. Central government has not set up the Cauvery Management Board and has not framed any scheme for implementation of the tribunal award despite it having been notified in 2013.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 9 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

9. Which of the following statements about Garba dance are correct:
a. It is a form of dance which originated in the state of Maharashtra.
b. Many traditional garbas are performed around a centrally lit lamp and perfomed in circles.
c. Modern garba is also heavily influenced by Dandiya Raas.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 9 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

10. Which of the following statements about the U.N. Convention on Refugees are correct:
a. India is a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention on Refugees.
b. However India has not acceded to the 1967 protocol of the UN Convention on Refugees.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

11. Which of the following statements about TRIPS or the Trade Related Aspects of the Intellectual Property Rights are correct:
a. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is an international non legal agreement between all the member nations of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
b. The TRIPS agreement sets down minimum standards for the regulation by national governments of many forms of intellectual property (IP) as applied to nationals of other WTO member nations.
c. The Doha declaration is a World Trade Organization statement that clarifies the scope of TRIPS, stating for instance that TRIPS can and should be interpreted in light of the goal to promote access to medicines for all to prevent a narrow reading of the TRIPS agreement by the developed countries.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

12. The Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights requires WTO members to provide which of the following protections:
a. Copy Rights and Patents
b. Geographical Indications and Trademarks
c. Industrial Designs and Confidential information.
d. Integrated Circuit lay out design
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

13. Which of the following statements about Article 21 of the Constitution of India are correct:
a. Article 21declares that no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the due process of law.
b. Article 21 is available only to citizens of India.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

14. Which of the following statements are correct:
a. A referendum is a procedure whereby a proposed legislation is referred to the electorate for settlement by their direct votes.
b. Initiative is a method by means of which the people can propose a bill to the legislature for enactment.
c. Plebiscite is a method by means of which the voters can remove a representative or an officer before the expiry of his term, when he fails to discharge his duties properly
d. Recall is a method of obtaining the opinion of peol eon any issue of public importance which is generally used to solve the territorial disputes.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017 and Indian Polity by Laxmikanth.

15. Which of the following statements about Kurds are correct:
a. They are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northwestern Iran (Eastern Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan).
b. The Kurds are culturally, historically and linguistically classified as belonging to the Iranian peoples.
c. Iraqi Kurdistan is located in the north of Iraq and constitutes the country’s only autonomous region.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 10 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017

16. Which of the following statements about Face ID are correct:
a. Apple is all set to introduce Face ID in its upcoming iPhone X as a replacement to Touch ID.
b. The technology relies on making a unique facial map by projecting 30,000 invisible dots onto your face which is read by an infrared camera, which then sends the data to a secure part of the chip to make a match.
c. The image never goes out of the device.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 11 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

17. Which of the following statements about Chakmas and Hajongs are correct:
a. The two communities came to India in the 1960s from the Chittagong Hill area (in present day Bangladesh) fearing religious persecution.
b. As per the Supreme Court order of 2015, the court has directed the government to grant citizenship to Chakma-Hajongs within three months.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 12 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

18. Which of the following statements about the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction are correct:
a. It is a multilateral treaty developed by the United Nations Children’s Fund.
b. The convention which was entered into force on December 1983 provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another.
c. The primary intention of the Convention is to preserve whatever status quo child custody arrangement existed immediately before an alleged wrongful removal or retention thereby deterring a parent from crossing international boundaries in search of a more sympathetic court.
d. India is a member of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 12 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

19. Which of the following statements regarding India’s stand on reforming the United Nations Security Council are correct:
a. The reforms in the United Nations should include the expansion of the number of permanent and non-permanent members in the Security Council of the world body to keep pace with the changed times.
b. The G4 nations comprising Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan are four countries which support each other’s bids for permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 13 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

20. Which of the following statements are correct:
a. It is a form of natural gas extracted from coal beds.
b. Due to the new Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP) introduced by the Government, there is a renewed investor interest in Coal Bed Methane in India.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 16 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017.

21. Which of the following statements about the new Open Acerage Licensing Policy announced by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas are correct:
a. The new policy will allow bidders to carve out areas where they want to drill.
b. OALP offers single license to explore conventional and unconventional oil and gas resources.
c. The selection of oil blocks will be based on seismic and well data provided by Directorate-General of Hydrocarbons.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 16 and of The Hindu Dated September 20, 2017 and Any standard Geography text book.

Source: “THE HINDU – 20/09/2017”

September Month Current Affairs from 01/09/2017 to 15/09/2017

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Click the below image to read & download the September current affairs from 01-09-2017 to 15-09-2017:-

“Current Affairs Pulse – 19/09/2017”

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1. Which of the following statements about Anti Defection Law are correct:
a. Any question regarding disqualification arising out of defection is to be decided by the presiding officer of the House.
b. The presiding officer of the house is not empowered to make rules to give effect to the provision of the Tenth Schedule of the constitution.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017. Refer any standard Indian Polity book.

2. Which of the following statements about Article 191 of the Indian Constitution are correct:
a. A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as and for being a member of the legislative assembly or legislative council of a state if he is so disqualified under any law made by Parliament.
b. He can also be disqualified if he holds any office of profit under the Union or Sate government.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017. Refer any standard Indian Polity book.

3. Which of the following statements in connection with Shell Companies are correct:
a. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has begun making public the lists of disqualified directors across the nation as well as those associated with struck-off shell companies in a name and shame exercise being conducted for the first time.
b. The above exercise for disqualification is being undertaken by the Corporate Affairs Ministry under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
c. The move is part of actions to break the network of ‘shell companies’ and further the fight against black money/money laundering.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)All of the above
c)2 and 3 only
d)1 and 3 only
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

4. Which of the following statements regarding Center’s stand on the Rohingyas are correct:
a. The Centre told the Supreme Court that the Rohingya were a serious threat to national security with links to terror outfits, such as the Islamic State, and those in Pakistan.
b. The decision whether or not to deport them fell within the exclusive domain of the Central Government.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 1 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements about EXIM policy of India are correct:
a. It is a set of guidelines and instructions established by the Director General of Foreign Trade in matters related to the import and export of goods in India.
b. It is prepared and announced by the Ministry of Commerce and it is aimed at developing export potential, improving export performance, encouraging foreign trade and creating favorable balance of payments position.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 3 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

6. Which of the following statements about the study of Groundwater resources in Chennai by the Center for Climate Change in Anna University are correct:
a. A change in rainfall pattern and rapid urbanization would affect groundwater resources and lead to seawater intrusion.
b. Different methods of rainwater harvesting and Check Dams need to be adopted to conserve maximum rainwater.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements about the mineral Magnesite are correct:
a. Magnesite is a carbonate of magnesium.
b. It is an important mineral used in the refractories for the steel industry, in fertilizers, pharma and food processing industries.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 7 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

8. Which of the following statements about the mineral Dunite are correct:
a. Dunite, along with Magnesite, is another rare mineral occurring largely in Salem.
b. Dunite is used in the iron and steel industry and as a refractory material and is also used in paints and as an abrasive.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer Page No 7 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

9. Which of the following ministries are part of the first ever National Conference on Mission Mode to address Under-Nutrition in the country are correct:
a. Ministry of Women & Child Development.
b. Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
c. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer the PIB newsletter dated September 18, 2017.

10. Which of the following ministries are part of the first ever National Conference on Mission Mode to address Under-Nutrition in the country are correct:
a. The conference is being held keeping in mind to attain the goal of Malnutrition Free India by 2022.
b. The 113 high burden districts will be monitored through a dashboard and a periodic review of the schemes covering the aspects of nutrition will be covered under the conference.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer the PIB newsletter dated September 18, 2017.

11. Which of the following statements about the problem of malnutrition are correct:
a. The problem of malnutrition is inter-generational.
b. Malnutrition is dependent on multiple factors which inter-alia; include proper Infant & Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices, Immunization, Institutional Delivery, Early Childhood Development, Food Fortification etc.
c. It requires a convergent approach among all the three departments i.e. Health & Family Welfare, ICDS/Social Welfare and Drinking Water and Sanitation to tackle the issue of malnutrition comprehensively.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer the PIB newsletter dated September 18, 2017.

12. Which of the following statements about the Sahasthra Seema Bal are correct:

a. The operations of Sahasthra Seema Bal have an intelligence component so as to prevent criminals and smugglers from taking advantage of the friendly borders with Nepal and Bhutan.
b. Sahashtra Seema Bal has been declared as the Lead Intelligence Agency (LIA) for both the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer the PIB newsletter dated September 18, 2017.

13. What is Swachtha Hi Sewa:
a. It is a nation-wide mass mobilization drive ahead of the 3rd anniversary of Swachh Bharat Mission that falls on 2nd October.
b. People from all walks of life undertake shramdaan for cleanliness and construction of toilets, and cleaning up of public and tourist places under the Swatchtha Hi Sewa campaign.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Refer the PIB newsletter dated September 18, 2017.

14. Which of the following statements about the Gaza Strip are correct:
a. It is a small self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea.
b. Gaza, together with the West Bank, constitutes the Palestinian territories claimed by the Palestinians as the State of Palestine.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 2
Refer Page No 10 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

15. Which of the following statements about PETA – People for Ethical Treatment of Animals are correct:
a. It is an American animal rights organization based in Virginia.
b. Its slogan is Animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way.
c. The group has launched investigations of jallikattu events, circuses that use animals in performances, and filthy horse stables in India.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 10 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

16. A state wise break up of government ordered Internet shutdowns is topped by which of the following states:
a)Jammu And Kashmir
b)Rajasthan
c)Gujarath
d)Haryana
Answer: 1
Refer Page No 10 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

17. What is the Naruto case:
a. Naruto, an Indonesian crested black macaque, should be entitled to the rights of a self-portrait which the animal had accidentally clicked with the camera of a nature photographer.
b. This lawsuit was brought by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) in the year 2015.
c. Both the parties decided to settle the matter, with Mr. Slater agreeing to donate 25% of any future revenue from Naruto’s images to charities dedicated to the conservation of crested macaques in Indonesia.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 11 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

18. What is Horse Shoe Theory:
a. This refers to the argument that far-Left and far Right ideologies fall into the same, not opposite, end of the political spectrum.
b. The theory is attributed to French philosopher Jean-Pierre.
c. He argued that both the far-Left and the far-Right rely on big government to impose their own versions of collectivism on the population are essentially more similar to each other.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 11 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

19. Which of the following statements regarding the annual United Nations General Assembly meeting 2017 are correct:
a. The President of America opined that United Nations must hold every level of management accountable, protect whistleblowers and focus on results rather than on process.
b. A U.S. drafted 10-point political declaration backing efforts by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to initiate effective, meaningful reform was presented.
c. The Human Rights Watch called for targeted sanctions and an arms embargo against the Myanmar military.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 11 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

20. Which of the following statements about the Nansen Refugee Awards are correct:
a. It is awarded annually by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to an individual, group, or organization in recognition of outstanding service to the cause of refugees, displaced or stateless people.
b. Established in the year 1954, the award is named after the intrepid Norwegian polar explorer and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Fridtjof Nansen.
c. Zannah Mustapha who helped secure the release of more than 100 schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram was awarded the Nansen Refugee Awards this year.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Refer Page No 14 of The Hindu Dated September 19, 2017.

 

Source: “THE HINDU – 19/09/2017”