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“Current Affairs Pulse – 28/08/2017”

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1.The conversation status of the Indian Rhinoceros under the IUCN – International Union For Conservation Of Nature is:
a)Extinct
b)Vulnerable
c)Endangered
d)Least Concerned
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

2. Which of the following ministries are involved in the collection of Socio Economic Caste Census:
a. Ministry of Rural Development
b. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
c. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
d. Ministry of Panchayat Raj.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)None of the above
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

3.The Rural Development Ministry has already started using the SECC data for the following schemes:
a. Pradhan Manthri Awaas Yojana
b. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Power Scheme
c. Swatch Bharath Mission
d. Mahathma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 4 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

4. Which of the following statements about Primitive Tribal Groups are in correct:
a. They are the poorest of the poor amongst the Schedule Tribes.
b. They use pre agricultural level of technology for farming.
c. The literacy rate is very low.
d. Their population is either declining or stagnating.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)None of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

5. The rhino calves that were displaced due to floods were being kept at the Centre for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation (CWRC) at Panbari inside the KNP which was being administered by:
a. Wildlife Trust Of India
b. International Fund for Animal Welfare.
c. Assam Forest Department.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

6. Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) functions under which of the following ministries:
a)Ministry of Earth Science
b)Department of Science and Technology
c)Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers
d)Department of Fisheries
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements about Regional Integrated Multi- Hazard Early Warning System for Asia and Africa (RIMES) are correct:
a. It provides ocean forecast and early warming information are aimed towards safety at the sea.
b. INCOIS is already providing these operational services to Maldives, Sri Lanka and Seychelles.
c. INCOIS has inaugurated the Ocean Forecasting System for Comoros, Madagascar, and Mozambique recently.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 7 Dated August 30, 2017.

8. Which of the following statements about Operation Enduring Freedom are correct:
a. It is the official name used by the U.S. government for the Global War on Terrorism between 2001 and 2014.
b. It primarily refers to the War in Afghanistan, but it is also affiliated with counterterrorism operations in other countries.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 8 Dated August 30, 2017.

9. Which of the following statements about Operation Resolute Support are correct:
a. It is a NATO-led train, advice and assist mission in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, which began on January 1, 2015.
b. It is a follow-on mission to the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) which was completed on December 28, 2014.
c. The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted United Nations Security Council in support of the new international mission in Afghanistan.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)1 and 2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 8 Dated August 30, 2017.

10. Which of the following statements about Operation Freedom’s Sentinel are correct:
a. This is the latest operations by United Kingdom’s forces within Afghanistan.
b. The operation involves only NATO nations.
Options:
a)Both 1 and 2
b)Neither 1 nor 2
c)2 only
d)1 only
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 8 Dated August 30, 2017.

11. Which of the following countries is not part of the One Belt One Road initiative in South Asia:
a. Pakistan
b. India
c. Banglaesh
d. Sri Lanka
Answer: 2
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 8 Dated August 30, 2017.

12. Which of the following statements about ASEAN – Association of South East Asian Nations are correct:
a. The Secretariat of ASEAN is not located in Jakarta.
b. East Timor is a member of ASEAN.
c. India is part of ASEAN plus Three initiative.
d. India is not part of ASEAN plus Six initiative.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)2 and 3 only
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 8 Dated August 30, 2017.

13. Which of the following statements by NITI Aayog on underemployment are correct:
a. Not unemployment but a severe under-employment is the main problem facing the country.
b. A focus on the domestic market through an import substitution strategy would give rise to a group of relatively small firms behind a high wall of protection.
c. The creation of high-productivity, high-wage jobs is the need of the hour for India.
d. The Make in India campaign needs to succeed by manufacturing for global markets and can be a potential solution for the underemployment crisis in India.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 10 Dated August 30, 2017.

14. The Employment Unemployment Survey is conducted by which of the following organizations:
a. Central Statistical Office
b. National Sample Survey Office.
c. NITI Aayog.
d. International Labour Organization.
Answer: 2
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 10 Dated August 30, 2017.

15. JAM or Jandhan Aadhar Mobile – a term coined, and a vision conceptualized, by the Chief Economic Adviser Arvind Subramanian, is nothing short of a social revolution because it has brought together which of the following:
a. Financial inclusion through the Pradhan Manthri Jan Dhan Yojana.
b. Biometric identification through Aadhaar.
c. Mobile telecommunications.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 10 Dated August 30, 2017.

16. Tibet is the source of which of the following rivers in Asia:
a. Indus River and Brahmaputra River
b. Yellow River and Yangetze River
c. Mekong River and Salween River
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 10 Dated August 30, 2017.

17. Which amongst the following are not part of the stages of economic intergration:
a. Free Trade
b. Customs Union
c. Common Market
d. Economic Union
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 12 Dated August 30, 2017.

18. Which of the following statements about European Union are correct:
a. European Union is a political and economic union of 28 member states.
b. Only 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.
c. The Schengen Area, where passport controls have been abolished, is located within the European Union.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 12 Dated August 30, 2017.

19. Hurricane Harvey made landfall in which of the following place:
a. Philippines
b. Japan
c. The United States of America
d. South Africa
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 12 Dated August 30, 2017.

20. Which of the following statements about Mysuru Dusara are correct:
a. The Mysuru Dusera has been celebrated since 1610.
b. The Wodeyars of Mysore observed the Dasara Festival.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 17 Dated August 30, 2017.

21. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Reserch on Oxytocin by the National University of Singapore:
a. The CD38 and CD157 genes are associated with the sociality of young individuals.
b. CD38 and CD157 genes regulate the release of oxytocin, the paramount social hormone in humans involved in primary social behaviours.
c. Young adults who have higher expression of the CD38 gene as well as differences in CD157 gene sequence are friendlier and more socially adept than others.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu, Page No 17 Dated August 30, 2017.

Source: “THE HINDU”

KingMakers IAS Academy Current Affairs Pulse – 100% taken from “THE HINDU – 30/08/2017”

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Source: “THE HINDU – 30/08/2017”:-

1. Which of the following statements about BRICS is in correct:
a.The acronym BRIC was first used in 2001 by Goldman Sachs in their Global Economics Paper The World Needs Better Economic BRICs.
b.The 1st BRIC Summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, on 16 June 2009.
c.South Africa attended the 3rd BRICS Summit in Sanya, China on 14 April 2011.
d.The 8th BRICS Summit was hosted by India during its Chairmanship in 2016.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only.
b)1 and 3 only.
c)2 and 4 only.
d)None of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 Dated August 30, 2017

2. The 9th BRICS summit will be held in which of the following places:
a.Rio De Janeiro
b.New Delhi
c.Xiamen
d.St. Petersburg
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 Dated August 30, 2017

3. Which of the following are the themes and the cooperation priorities of the 2017 BRICS summit:
a.Deepen BRICS cooperation for common development
b.Strengthen Global governance to jointly meet challenges
c.Carry out people to people exchanges to support BRICS cooperation
d.Make institutional improvements and build broader partnerships
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer BRICS 2017 website.

4. Which among the following are the features of the Secure Communication System to be created by the Central Government:
a.Mandating the use of mobile phones manufactured by Indian companies for official communication.
b.Providing a secure email service to all government officials.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 and 12 Dated August 30, 2017

5. What are the major motives behind the Secure Communication System to be established by the Central Government:
a.The control of data which resides on servers outside India and on servers beyond the control of the Government of India.
b.A centralized email architecture across the government will help in securing Government data.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2 only
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 and 12 Dated August 30, 2017.

6. Which of the following statements are correct:
a.Every national party is allotted a symbol exclusively reserved for its use throughout out the country.
b.A registered unrecognized party on the other hand can select a symbol from a list of free symbols specified by the Election commission.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 Dated August 30, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements about Election Commission are correct:
a.The Election Commission has the power to recognize and de-recognize any party as a national or a State party.
b.The Election Commission has no power to order de-registration of the parties because this power lies with the government of India.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 4 Dated 30 August 2017.

8. Which of the following statements are correct regarding party symbols and office bearers of political parties are correct:
a.Only when the EC takes up the issue of freezing or de-freezing symbol of a party, does it goes into the matter of officebearers.
b.The issue of symbol allotment is normally decided by applying the test of majority support among members of the organizational and legislature wings of the given party.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2 only
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 4 Dated 30 August 2017.

9. Which of the following statements regarding Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal are correct:
a.An E-Court facility will be introduced in the Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal.
b.Through this facility, people can register their cases online, advocates can argue on the cases on the same platform and the order will also be given online.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 5 Dated 30 August 2017.

10. Which of the following statements about Kerala Agricultural University’s identification of 12 indigenous plants for manufacturing natural textile dyes:
a.The technology will be of great value in the development of eco-friendly and safe clothing, especially for newborns and people allergic to synthetic dyes.
b.The research has opened up the possibility of using indigenous plants of Kerala as potential dye yielders.
c.The hazardous effects of chemical dyeing and chemical dye manufacturing had sparked a rethinking and hence the re entry of natural dyes.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 5 Dated 30 August 2017.

11. The Indian Space Research Organisation currently makes four categories of spacecrafts namely:
a.Communication satellites
b.Remote sensing satellites
c.Navigation satellites
d.Scientific missions satellites
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 9 Dated 30 August 2017.

12. Which of the following statements about ISRO opening up satellite making to industry are correct:
a.ISAC – ISRO Satellite Center would sign a three-year contract with the finalists, train, and handhold and supervise their teams in making its range of satellites at its facility.
b.The industry to be trained in all current types of Indian Satellites.
c.ISAC’s Expression of Interest is seen as a first step towards the making of an Indian space industry.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)1 and 2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 9 Dated 30 August 2017.
13. Which of the following statements are correct:
a.Three Chinese warships were docked in the Male harbor, Maldives on a five-day goodwill visit in 2017.
b.Chinese submarines were docked in the Colombo harbor in 2014.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 12 Dated 30 August 2017.

14. Which of the following statements about Japanese island are correct:
a. Nearly the entire land area is taken up by the country’s four main islands.
b. Honshu is the largest of the four, followed in size by Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 14 Dated 30 August 2017.

15. Which of the following statements about the North Korean Rocket Launch over Japan are correct:
a.The last time a North Korean rocket overflew Japan was in 2009, when Pyongyang said it was a satellite launch.
b.Pyongyang in July 2017 carried out two overt ICBM tests that appeared to bring much of the U.S. mainland within reach for the first time.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 14 Dated 30 August 2017

16. Which of the following statements about Bangladesh and the Rohingya refugees are correct:
a.Bangladesh is already host to more than 4,00,000 Rohingya refugees who have fled Buddhist-majority Myanmar since the early 1990s.
b.Today, the Bangladesh authorities are sending the Rohingya refugees back, despite a United Nations plea that they be allowed to seek shelter.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 14 Dated 30 August 2017

17. What are the main features of the future ready industrial policy of the Indian government:
a.Incorporating measures to facilitate the use of smart technologies such as the internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics for advanced manufacturing.
b.Making India a manufacturing hub by promoting Make in India and subsuming National Manufacturing Policy.
c.The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion DIPP is the nodal body for the new Policy and it is part of the Commerce and Industry Ministry.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)1, 2 and 3 only
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 15 Dated 30 August 2017

18. What are the illustrative outcomes of the Future ready industrial policy of the government:
a.Increasing the number of global-Indian firms in the Fortune 500 category in the long-term.
b.In the medium- term helping attract $100 billion inward FDI annually and supporting outward FDI to assert Indian presence in world markets.
c.Developing alternatives to banks and improving access to capital for MSMEs through peer to peer lending and crowd funding.
d.Addressing the problem of inverted-duty structure and also balancing it against obligations under multilateral or bilateral trade agreements.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 15 Dated 30 August 2017.

19. Six thematic focus groups under the Future Ready Industrial Policy of the government of India includes which of the following:
a.Manufacturing and MSME
b.Technology and Innovation
c.Ease of doing business
d.Infrastructure, investment, trade and fiscal policy
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 15 Dated 30 August 2017.

20. The Central Government’s 100% strategic sale along with transfer of management control of Central Electronics Ltd. (CEL) as part of its strategic disinvestment programme was under the watch of which of the following departments:
a.Department of Investment and Public Asset Management
b.Department of Finance
c.Department of Revenue
d.Department of Commerce
Answer: 1

21. The Code on Wages Bill, which will not fix a single national level minimum wage for the whole country but will vary across states and geographies, combines which of the four labour laws:
a.Payment of Wages Act, 1936
b.Minimum Wages Act, 1948
c.Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
d.Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 15 Dated 30 August 2017.

KingMakers IAS Academy – “Daily Current Affairs – 30/08/2017”

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International News:-

1.Two-Day Indian Ocean Conference in Colombo:-

  • Minister of External Affairs (MEA) Sush=ma Swaraj will participate in the two-day Indian Ocean Conference (IOC) scheduled to be held at Colombo.
  • Sri Lankan Prime Minister and President are among the key speakers at the IOC event on the theme of “Peace, Progress and Prosperity”.
  • Delhi-based think tank India Foundation will host the IOC 2017 in collaboration with Research and Learning Center RSIS Singapore and NIFS Colombo.
  • The first was held in Singapore in 2016 in partnership with think tanks from Singapore, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
  • The conference will also be attended by officials from the USA, Australia and Germany among others.

2.INCOIS Unveils Ocean Forecasting System:-

  • The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences here inaugurated the Ocean Forecasting System for Comoros, Madagascar, and Mozambique at the third Ministerial Meeting of Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Asia and Africa (RIMES), held at Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
  • The ocean forecast and early warming information on high wave, currents, winds, tides, and sub-surface ocean conditions cater to users like fishermen, coastal population, tourism sector, coastal defence officials, marine police, port authorities, research institutions and offshore industries of these countries.
  • INCOIS is already providing these operational services to Maldives, Sri Lanka and Seychelles.

3.UN Opens Atomic Fuel Reserve in Kazakhstan to Ensure Supply:-

  • Ensuring the supply of nuclear fuel in the event of disruption due to political or market problems is the objective of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Low Enriched Uranium Bank, which opens in Kazakhstan.
  • The reserve will store 90 tons of low-enriched uranium (LEU), the essential ingredient needed to make the fuel for light-water nuclear reactors, which generate electricity.
  • This material is usually purchased on the open market or by bilateral agreement between countries, a system the new bank does not want to disrupt.
  • The IAEA insists that the reserve is a “mechanism of last resort” for situations in which a UN member nation cannot access fuel by the usual means.

4.Iraqi PM Slams Kurdish Referendum as ‘Unconstitutional’:-

  • Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said the referendum on independence of the semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan was “unconstitutional”, and rejected the Kurdish attempts to include the ethnically-mixed province of Kirkuk in the referendum.
  • The Arab and Turkoman council members boycotted the session, as their communities in the oil-rich Kirkuk province oppose joining the Kurdistan region.
  • The Iraqi parliament rejected the decision of Kirkuk’s provincial council, after 186 lawmakers of the 328-seat parliament voted in favor of hanging only the Iraqi flag on Kirkuk’s buildings.
  • Disagreements between Baghdad and the Kurdish regional government have been intense for years, as the ethnic Kurds consider the northern oil-rich province of Kirkuk and parts of Nineveh, Diyala and Salahudin as “disputed areas” and seek to incorporate them into the Kurdish region.

National News:-

1.29 August: National Sports Day:-

  • National Sports day is celebrated on 29th august every year to mark the birthday of Dhyan Chand.
  • On this occasion, President Ram Nath Kovind will give away the sports Awards. A total of 29 players have been selected to receive the honours from President.
  • The President will confer Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award, Arjuna Award and Dronacharya Award at Rashtrapati Bhawan.
  • The Khel Ratna Award is honoured for the players’ spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field of sports over a period of four years at international level. The Arjuna Awards are given to recognize outstanding achievement in National sports while the Dronacharya Award is sports coaching honour.

2.DIPP Releases Next Edition of Consolidated FDI Policy:-

  • The Commerce and Industry Ministry released the next edition of its consolidated FDI policy document, incorporating all the changes made over the past year.
  • The Department of industrial policy and promotion, which deals with FDI related matters, compiles all policies related to foreign investment regime into a single document to make it simple and easy for investors to understand.
  • The whole exercise is aimed at providing an investor friendly climate to foreign players and, in turn, attract more FDI to boost economic growth and create jobs.
  • During the last one year, the government has liberalised FDI policy in over a dozen sectors, including defence, civil aviation, construction and development, private security agencies and news broadcasting.

3.Ministry of Textiles to Organize Pan India Camps:-

  • Ministry of Textiles has decided to organize Pan India camps in handlooms and handicrafts clusters, under the initiative -Hastkala Sahyog Shivir. The camps will be organized during 7th to 17th of October.
  • This initiative is dedicated to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Garib Kalyan Varsh, the birth centenary year of Pandit Deendayal Upadhayay.
  • In these camps, services including credit facilities through MUDRA scheme, assistance for technological upgradation under Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata and distribution of modern tool kits and equipments will be provided to the weavers and artisans.

4.Arun Jaitley Hands Over LRSAM to Indian Navy:-

  • Defence Minister Arun Jaitley handed over the Long-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LRSAM) jointly developed by India and Israel, to the Indian Navy, at Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL) here.
  • LRSAM is an advanced combat suit for missile defence against air targets and missiles, and has full capabilities of air and surface surveillance, threat alert and fire control.
    Public sector BDL is the missile production agency for the three armed forces.
  • State-of-the-art and first of its kind for a Defence production unit, the Rocket Motor Static Test Facility was dedicated to the nation by Arun Jaitley at BDL’s Ibrahimpatnam Complex located near Hyderabad.

5.Gobindobhog Rice Gets Geographical Indication Status:-

  • Gobindobhog rice,a speciality from Burdwan district of West Bengal, has got the geographical indication (GI) status.
  • The region of Burdwan (now divided into the districts of east and west Burdwan) is known as the rice bowl of Bengal.
  • As a result of getting the GI tag, as the certification is also called, rice from other regions or rice of other varieties cannot be branded as ‘Gobindobhog’.

About Geographical Indication (GI):-

  • GI tag is an insignia on products having a unique geographical origin and evolution over centuries with regards to its special quality or reputation attributes.
  • It is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
  • Darjeeling tea was the first product to accord with GI tag in India.

6.Home Minister Inaugurates YUVA:-

  • The Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the YUVA – a skill development programme and an initiative by Delhi Police under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
  • The ‘YUVA’ initiative by Delhi Police aims to connect with youth by upgrading their skill as per their competencies. It will help them to get a gainful employment under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna under the Ministry of Skill Development.
  • Delhi Police has tied up with National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
  • National Skill Development Corporation shall be providing skill training to the youth under ‘Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna’ (PMKVY) and CII will provide job linked training through its Sector Skill Councils who are connected to industry and thereby provide job guarantee.

Economic News:-

1.Airtel Ties up With Symantec:-

  • Bharti Airtel has entered into a partnership with Symantec Corporation to protect businesses in India from online threats.
  • The partnership comes amid a spike in cyber attacks over the past few months, including ransomwares such as Petya and WannaCry that disrupted systems across the world.
  • According to the agreement, Airtel will be the exclusive Cyber Security Services partner for Symantec in India, and will distribute the US-based software firm’s enterprise security software.
  • Through the partnership, the two companies will target the IT security requirements of large enterprises, small and medium businesses, as well as the government.

2.FDI Policy Rules out Air India’s Stake Sale to Foreign Airline:-

  • The government’s new foreign direct investment (FDI) policy suggests that foreign airlines may not be allowed to buy a stake in the national carrier Air India.
  • In the “Consolidated FDI Policy” released by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the sub-section which allows foreign airlines to invest up to 49 per cent paid-up capital of domestic passenger carriers is not applicable in the case of Air India.
  • The Air India-specific Alternative Mechanism group, which is headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has been mandated to guide the strategic divestment process and to decide on key issues such as treatment of AI’s debt and hiving-off of its assets.

3.Niti Aayog: Survey on Ease of Doing Business:-

  • A Niti Aayog survey on ease of doing business in India has found surprising facts about Indian enterprises.
  • Report of the survey, titled “Ease of Doing Business: An Enterprise Survey of Indian States”, reveals that awareness about single window systems, instituted by states, is very low among enterprises across India.
  • The Single window system allows businesses to complete regulatory formalities from a single location or institution. The lack of awareness about the presence of such a system in states is surprising.
  • The survey was carried out by Niti Aayog along with along with the IDFC Institute, a Mumbai-based think tank.

4.India, Germany Sign Pact to Improve Grid Integration of Renewable Energy:-

  • India and Germany signed an agreement on technical cooperation under the Indo-German Energy Programme – Green Energy Corridors (IGEN-GEC).
  • This relationship between GIZ and India will result in improved market mechanisms and regulations and help train manpower in India to ensure grid stability to ensure more and more integration of renewable in the country.
  • Based on the Indo-German consultations held in April 2013 in Berlin, both countries confirmed collaboration on the green energy corridors.

Awards:-

1.NITI Aayog Announces Women Transforming India Awards 2017:-

  • Celebrating the outstanding achievements of women in India, NITI Aayog, in partnership with MyGov and the United Nations, announces winners of the Women Transforming India Awards, 2017.
  • Awards ceremony recognizes the exceptional work of 12 women in critical areas such as preventing violence against women; bridging the gender gap in education; providing healthcare; building livelihoods and enterprises for women; and promoting inclusion for persons with disabilities.
  • The awardees included Lakshmi Agrawal a champion of violence against women, goat veterinarian Sunita Kamble for creating alternative livelihood opportunities for women, Raji Borthakur for creating a smart glove which can predict epileptic seizures before they occur, Safeena Husain for her work to transform girls’ education in rural areas and Arunima Sinha for being India’s first amputee to climb Mount Everest Jamuna Tudu for conserved 50 hectares of forest land around her village in Jharkhand.

2.NRDC Wins Two Awards:-

  • NRDC, the technology transfer and commercialisation arm of the Ministry of Science & Technology, has won two accolades. It has won the Assocham Services Excellence Award 2017 and its Chairman and Managing Director, H Purushotham, an international recognition.
  • The International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM) Sweden honoured H Purushotham with the IAAM Medal 2017 for his outstanding R&D contributions in the Advanced Materials Science & Technology during its award ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • NRDC also won the Assocham Services Excellence Awards 2017 in the area of Technology Transfer Services. NRDC has transferred IPs and technologies to about 5,000 SMEs /start-ups / corporate.

KingMakers IAS Academy – “Daily Current Affairs – 29/08/2017”

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International News:-

1. M.J. Akbar Inaugurated ‘Namaskar Africa’ Trade Show:-

  • The ‘Namaskar 2017’ exposition will be inaugurated by MoS in the ministry of external affairs MJ Akbar and is part of ‘Namaskar Africa’, a regional flagship programme where Ficci in partnership with the ministry of commerce and industry will create awareness about the best Indian technologies and products in the region as well as explore opportunities offered by the region.

• Ghana has been preparing to implement the regional economic grouping, Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Common External Tariff (CET), a major platform for a Customs Union that facilitates free trade and ensures greater regional economic integration.

• To make Indian businessmen more acceptable in Africa, there is an urgent need for more people-to-people interaction, more sanitised information and awareness to Indians about Africa and African people.

2. US Imposes Financial Sanctions on Venezuela:-

  • The US slapped “strong” financial sanctions on the dictatorship in Venezuela, barring banks from any new deals with the government. US President Donald Trump has signed an executive order imposing “strong, new financial sanctions” on Venezuela.
  • The president’s new action prohibits dealings in new debt and equity issued by the government of Venezuela and its state oil company.
  • It also prohibits dealings in certain existing bonds owned by the Venezuelan public sector, as well as dividend payments to the government of Venezuela,” White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders said in a statement after Trump signed the executive order.

Points to remember about Venezuela:-

  • President : Nicolás Maduro
  • Capital: Caracas
  • Currency: Venezuelan bolívar

National News:-

1. Nungthaang Tampak- North East’s First 100% Computer Literate Village:-

  • Manipur’s Nungthaang Tampak village has emerged as the ‘100 percent computer literate’ not only in the state but in the entire North East.

• The computer course, which is affiliated to All India Society for Electronic and Computer Technology (AISECT), was organised by Mangal Rural , an NGO working for rural development as a part of the Digital India program.

• Nungthang Tampak has become India’s second 100 percent computer literate village in India. Kerala’s Chamravattom village is the country’s first 100 percent computer literate village.

2. E-waste Disposal from Schools Kicks Starts in Kerala:-

  • The State wide disposal of e-Waste from Kerala schools kick-started at Thiruvananthapuram.

• The eWaste disposal from schools is a joint initiative by Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE), formerly IT@School project and Clean Kerala Company, and is aimed to dispose e-Waste from 10,000 odd schools and educational offices in Kerala.

• Instead of simply disposing e-Waste as garbage which create environmental issues, scientific methods are used to recycle and refurbish the e-Waste as per the norms set by Govt of India, a novel process which avoids spreading of hazardous materials like Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Barium etc in to the environment.

3. J & K Government to Set Up First Eco-Park:-

  • The Jammu and Kashmir government has decided to build an Eco-Park on over 34 acres of land reclaimed from encroachers in the state’s Rajouri district.

• The park is a first-of-its-kind project in the region. It will have a botanical garden, a cactus garden, a cafeteria and other amenities.

4. Rural Games to Take Place in Delhi:-

  • Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports shri Vijay Goel announced that the first edition of Rural Games or Grameen Khel Mahotsav will kick-start from Delhi and will take place between 28th August to 3rd September, 2017.

• The Rural Games will aim at popularising the indigenous games like wrestling, athletics etc. and will also have fun games like Matka Race, Tug of War for senior citizens to add the fun element in the games.

• The sports talent search portal portal will enable any person from across India to upload his information and as per that the Ministry will tap their talent and train them further in their respective disciplines.

5. Arun Jaitley: Jan Dhan Yojana and the 1 Billion-1 Billion-1 Billion “JAM” Revolution it is Unleashing:-

  • “Three years ago today, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced a flagship program: Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) aimed at providing financial services to the poor. These included opening bank accounts for the poor, giving them electronic means of payment (via RUPAY cards), and placing them in a position to avail themselves of credit and insurance.
  • JAM, a term coined, and a vision conceptualized, by our Chief Economic Adviser, is nothing short of a social revolution because it has brought together financial inclusion (PMJDY), biometric identification (Aadhaar) and mobile telecommunications.
  • Just as GST created one tax, one market, one India, the PMJDY and the JAM revolution can link all Indians into one common financial, economic, and digital space. No Indian will be outside the mainstream.

6. Supertech Gets Green nod for Rs1,130 crore Sports Village Project in Greater Noida:-

  • Realty firm Supertech has received green nod for developing a sports-centric housing project in Greater Noida that would entail an investment of Rs1,130 crore. The proposed residential project ‘Sports Village’ will be launched during Diwali this year and will be completed in four years.
  • The 62-acre project will be developed in Sector 27 of Greater Noida (west), known as Noida Extension.
  • Besides golf, Arora of Supertech said that the project will have academies for other sports like badminton and shooting. In 2015, the company had tied up with sports personalities such as Sania Mirza, Shikhar Dhawan, Jyoti Randhawa, Pullela Gopichand and Gagan Narang for setting up training facilities in its projects.7. NPCI Approves Spice Digital’s Operation Under Bharat Bill Payment System:-
  • The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) has given a nod to Spice Digital Ltd. for processing bill payments under the Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS) as a Bharat Bill Payment Operating Unit (BBPOU).
  • The BBPS through its centralised bill payment system will allow the users to use a single website or outlet to pay all their monthly or repetitive bills such as mobile phone and electricity.
  • Spice Digital forayed into FinTech space three years ago. Today, SDL’s Spice Money is India’s leading India stack based FinTech Company.

KingMakers IAS Academy Current Affairs Pulse – 100% taken from “THE HINDU – 26/08/2017”

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Source: “THE HINDU-26/07/2017”

1.Which of the following statements about Pradhan ManthriAwasYojanaare correlct:
a.This mission is being implemented during 2015 – 2022 and provides central assistance to urban local bodies and other implementing agencies.
b.The urban component of Pradhan ManthriAwasYojana is implemented by Ministry of Housing And Urban Affairs.
Option:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

2.Places which satisfy which of the following criteria are termed as Census Towns in the Census of India:
a.A minimum population of 5000.
b.At least 75% of the male main working population engaged in Non-agricultural pursuits.
c.A density of population of atleast 400 per sq. km.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 2 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 4 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

3.Which of the following statements about flying accidents in the Indian Airforce are correct:
a.Flying accidents in the IAF have progressively fallen every decade.
b.The flying accidents are abouteight times lower than what they were in the 1960s and 1970s.
c.This is because fighterpilots are mentally agile, physically fit and are able to quickly resume flight duties after health setbacks due to the systematic medical care provided.
Options:
a.1 and 2 only
b.1 and 3 only
c.2 and 3 only
d.All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 6 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

6.Which of the following statements about DL – Deep Learning are in correct:
a.Deep Learning aims to build machinesthat can process data and learn in the same way as our human brain does.
b.DL essentially involves building artificial neural networks trained to mimic the behavior of the human brain.
c.These networks can learn torepresent and reason over the various inputs given to them.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 6 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

7.Which of the following statements about C-BiLSTM (Convolutional Bi Directional – Long Short Term Memory)are correct:
a.C-BiLSTM works on Deep Learning architecture.
b.It is a combination of thestrengths of both the Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) and the Bi-directional LSTMs (BLSTM).
c.C-BiLSTM uses a convolutional layer for extracting feature representations for each query word, which is then fed as input to the BLSTM layer.
d.The BLSTM layer captures the sequentialpatterns in the query, and outputs a richer representation encoding them and passes through a fully connectednetwork that predicts the target class before giving the output suggestion.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 6 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

8.Which of the following statements about the Composite Plastic developed by National Instituteof Technology, Karnataka, and the New York University, U.S. are correct:
a.They incorporated hollow microspheres into high density polyethylene, the most commonly moulded plastic product.
b.The researchers managed to replace plastic with with fly ash cenospheres and glass microballoons thereby managing to shed plastic use by 20%.
c.In cars andplanes, for instance, the application of this technologywill help inreducing weight significantly improving fuel efficiency.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)1 and 2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 6 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

9.Which of the following statements are correct:
a.Lake Volta is located in Nigeria.
a.River Niger flows through Ghana.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 4
Explanation: Lake Volta is located in Ghana. River Niger flow through Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, Nigeria respectively.

10.Which of the following are the aims of Zero accident Regime by Indian Railways:
a.Eliminate all unmanned level crossings on the broad gauge network in 3-4 years.
b.Installation of Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) in the rail network.
c.Innovative financing mechanism and Research and Development to implement the above.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page No 7 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

11.Which of the following are correct about GMCC – Gorkhaland Movement Coordination Committee:
a.The GMCC is a 30-memberbody comprising representatives of all parties in the Darjeeling hills and social organisations.
b.This was set up in June2017 after a fresh movement for separate State of Gorkhaland started.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page No 7 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

12.The Naz Foundation Case (2009) Suresh Kumar Kaushal case (2013) and National Legal Services Authority (2014) deals with which of the following issues:
a.The legality of Section 377
b.Triple Talaq Issue.
c.Right To Privacy
d.Women’s Rights.
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer Page No 8 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

13.Which of the following statements about Influenza A (H1N1) virus are correct:
a.The virus has not undergoneany signifcant mutation and the virulence has remained nearly unchanged.
b.The virus has however undergonepoint mutations which resulted in a new strain — the Michigan strain — replacing the California strain that has been prevalent since the 2009 pandemic.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer:3
Explanation: ReferPage No 8 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

14.The famous K.S.Puttaswamy Case deals with which of the following:
a.The Right To Privacy a fundamental right.
b.Electoral Reforms
c.Limitations on imposition of Emergency powers.
d.Criminalization of Politics.
Answer: 1
Explanation: ReferPage No 8 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

15.Which of the following statements about Copy Right are true:
a.It grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distributiononly for a limited time.
b.Copy right for the distinctivewhite saris with three blue stripes is held by the Missionaries of Charity.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: ReferPage No 8 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

16.Which of the following statements are correct:
a.River Bagmathi originates from Nepal and flows into India and joins River Koshi.
b.Patna city is located on the banks of River Kosi.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: ReferPage No 9 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

17.According to Justice Chelameshwar’s judgement, Privacy spans which of the following realms:
a.Women’s reproductivechoice.
b.Choice of food.
c.Choice of Faith
d.The freedom to choose euthanasia.
Options
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 4 only
d)All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: ReferPage No 9 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

18.Which of the following statements about Bt.Cottonby the StandingCommittee on Scienceand Technologyare correct:
a.India’s cotton yieldsincreased by 69% in the fiveyears (2000-2005) when BtCotton was less than 6% oftotal cotton area.
b.The total cotton yield grew only 10% in the 10 years from 2005-2015 when Bt Cotton grew to 94% of the total cotton area.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 and 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: ReferPage No 10 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

19.Which of the following Sixcountries continue to accountfor over 90% of all GMcrop area globally apart from India and China:
a.United States of America
b.Brazil
c.Argentina
d.Canada
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: ReferPage No 10 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

20.Which of the following were the admissions of the Ministry of Agriculture to the the Standing Committee on Science and Technology:
a.Herbicide-tolerant genemay escape through polleninto farm and fields, to GMor non-GM crop.
b.If GM crops are allowed in the midst ofour indigenous crops thereis no way contamination canbe stopped, which meansthat India could lose the competitiveedge of uniqueproducts.

Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: ReferPage No 10 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

21.The expertcommittee working ona framework for data protection is headed by:
a)Justice B.N.Sreekrishna
b)NandanNilenkani
c)Sam Pitroda
d)Kris Gopalakrishnan.
Answer: 1
Explanation: ReferPage No 13 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

22.Who is the newly appointed non-executive chairman of Infosys:
a)NandanNilenkani
b)N.R.Narayanamoorthi
c)Shibu Lal
d)Vishal Sikka.
Answer: 1
Explanation: ReferPage No 13 of The Hindu Dated 26 August 26, 2017.

“THE HINDU Editorial(25/08/2017)-100% taken from “THE HINDU” | KingMakers IAS Academy

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Source: “THE HINDU Editorials 25-08-2017”:-

Paper II: Indian Constitution – Features, Amendments and significant provisions

Citizen Vs State

Background:

  • In a rare unanimous verdict pronounced by nine judges, the Supreme Court has ruled that privacy is fundamental right that requires constitutional protection.

Right To Privacy:

  • Privacy was always known to be a common law right.
  • Occasionally, it was recognized in some verdicts as fundamental right.
  • The Supreme Court has established that the right to be left alone is an inalienable part of being human.
  • This stand of the court, nullified the perverse argument by the Union government in the course of the hearings on the validity of its Aadhaar based unique identity scheme that privacy is not a fundamental right.

State’s flawed argument:

  • The above argument also shows how the state ignored the constitutional underpinnings of privacy as a value in itself and as an ineluctable facet of human dignity.
  • There was even a suggestion that privacy is an imported value and that it is elitist.
  • It has established that some rights are natural and inherent.
  • It is only the constitution which recognizes them and makes them explicit.

Implications of the ruling:

  • The ruling would have on state policy and citizens’ rights will be the core issues in future.
  • The verdict makes it clear that sexual orientation is part of privacy and constitutionally protected.
  • This effectively nullifies the 2014 verdict upholding Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.
  • Regarding Aadhar, judges have referred to the restrictions and limitations that privacy would be subject to.

Limitations of Privacy:

  • The validity of any such restriction is that it is reasonable and based on fair procedure.
  • It can also be based on compelling state interest.
  • The relief they grant based on wide and open-ended claims of breach of privacy, should be carefully handled.

Way Forward:

  • The verdict has advanced and revivified core constitutional principles.
  • The needs of a knowledge society and even socio-economic policy free from biases bringing about an equitable relationship between citizens and state.

Paper I: Salient Features of Indian Society

Caste and Class

Context:

  • That reservation in jobs and education did address socio-economic disparities in India to some degree is true.
  • But the benefits of reservation have not been distributed equitably.
  • A large segments of the weaker sections and backward classes continue to have no access to quality education or meaningful employment.
  • The relatively rich and dominant sections among the backward castes have tended to take up a disproportionately larger share of the reservation pie.

The concept of Creamy Layer:

  • The concept of ‘creamy layer’ to isolate the well-offamong those eligible for reservation was perceived as an attempt to limit the benefits of reservation.
  • The creamy layer politically divide the beneficiaries of reservation.
    But, properly implemented, it could have had the effect of allowing a more equitable spread of the benefits of reservation.
  • The Union Cabinet’s decision to set up a commission to examine the issue of sub-categorization of the Other Backward Classes speaks a great truth.
  • The long years of failure in effectively preventing large sections of the creamy layer from taking advantage of the quota system to the detriment of the poorer sections among their own caste groups.
  • The central government is now ensuring a more equitable distribution of reservation benefits.
  • This it does by further differentiating caste groups coming under backward classes on the basis of their levels of social and economic backwardness.
  • The sub-categorization came on the same day they decided to raise the ceiling for deciding who remains outside the creamy layer.
  • This is at cross purposes with the move toward sub-categorization.
    Vote-bank politics has a lot to do with the prioritizing of caste-based categorization over income-based differentiation.
  • Political mobilization on the basis of caste is far easier than on the basis of income.

How do the numbers compute

Paper I: Role of Women and Women’s organization

Background:

  • Making sense of the Supreme Court’s split verdict on triple talaq.
  • Triple talaq was an element of statutory law — the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 and, being arbitrary, was unconstitutional.
  • They did not answer thequestion of whether religious personal laws were immune from constitutional scrutiny under Article 25.
  • The Shariat Act of 1937 contained no reference to triple talaq and merely declared that the Shariat would be applicable uniformly to all Muslims in India.
  • Before the passage of this Act, Hindu inheritance laws were applied to certain Muslim communities.This had a particularly pernicious effect on the rights of Muslim women.
  • In a second judgement, the practice of triple talaq, being a component of personal law, was protected by Article 25 of the Constitution and could not be interfered with by the court.
  • The third and the deciding judgement held that holds triple talaq to be inoperative not because it violates fundamental rights, but because it is, on his reading, “Anti-Quran” and hence violative of the Shariat.
  • It is clear that three judges of the ShayaraBano v. Union of India case did not come to the determination that triple talaqis gender discriminatory and hence unconstitutional.
    Judges of the Supreme Court ought to be held accountable to high standards in their task of clarifying the law.

Endgame for Section 377

Context:

  • In a unanimous verdict, a nine-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court on Thursday declared that privacy is intrinsic to life and liberty and an inherent part of the fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution.
  • The nine judge bench also observed that the chilling effect of Section 377 “poses a grave danger to the unhindered fulfilment of one’s sexual orientation, as an element of privacy and dignity.”

The decision on Triple Talaq:

  • It was not too long ago that guillotine has fallen on the right of men to unilateral divorce by mere pronouncement in one go.
  • But none of the judges came to the conclusion of the unconstitutionality of triple talaq via the path of equal rights.
  • Rulings by the Supreme Court can have significant spread effects.
  • Even when rulings in one case may not directly impact those in other areas, they have the potential to change behavior across society.
  • The activists see the ruling against triple talaq as generally empowering women among India’s Muslims.
  • Similarly, the ruling that has closely followed it in time, namely the one upholding privacy as a fundamental right of the citizen under the Constitution, is believed to have major implications for the lives of Indians.
  • It stalls the incipient rise of the surveillance state.
  • But it also has the potential to impact the Indian state’s regulation of sexual relations.
  • The ruling has a bearing on the constitutional validity of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) which criminalises acts “against the order of nature”.
  • This immediately devalues by association the homosexual condition.

The Religious Angle:

  • All religions drawing upon West Asian culture have strictures against homosexuality.
    But it was theWest that justified sexual persecution on aesthetic grounds.
  • For instance, UnderHitler homosexuals were to be exterminated so that Germany would be populated by the perfect race.
  • But the Christian West that has taken the lead in reversing the historical prejudice against homosexuality.
  • And that members of its political class have played a leading role in this.
  • The Supreme Court’s ruling on the primacy of privacy laws, has implications for Section 377 as no longer can sex acts in private be overseen by law.
  • Hence it is not an argument that is made by activists for gay rights.

Premising Gay Rights on the Right To Equality:

  • Hence, the argument against Section 377 not to be based on the right to privacy but to be premised instead on the idea of the right to equality before the law.
    Privacy is of paramount importance but in itself it cannot be the clinching argument in the context.
  • Do individuals have the right to violence in the privacy of their homes?
    We are unlikely to agree with his right to domestic violence. He has no right to subjugate his spouse through violence, not even in the privacy of his home.
  • What the Indian law as it stands does is to violate the right to non-discriminatory treatment of the LGBT community who invariably reject this position.
  • So are we witnessing the endgame of Section 377?
  • The Supreme Court judges and the positions they had taken in the Triple Talaq verdict is not encouraging.
  • The NALSA judgment of 2014 is a landmark one in that it upheld the right to choose one’s sexual orientation.
  • However, it did not go far enough to call for a repeal of Section 377.
  • The political parties sloganeer that they are together with everyone for everyone’s progress!
  • But they leave the voiceless always behind.
  • If the Kinsey report on sexuality based on the United States experience is to be taken as a benchmark, we would have to heed its finding that around 10% of men are homosexual.
  • Among India’s political parties, the CPI(M) alone has frontally sought repeal of Section 377.

The way ahead:

  • The LGBT movement of India is here to stay.
  • Chances are that in a city near you preparations are on right now for the next annual ‘Pride’ march.
  • It would be a party with a difference as all parties are welcomed. You could even walk your talk.

KingMakers IAS Academy – “Daily Current Affairs – 26/08/2017”

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International News:-

1.8 MoUs Signed Between India and Nepal:-

  • As Nepal’s PM visits India, the two trusting countries signed a string of MoUs. The MoUs signed will largely provide aid to Nepal for the recovery from its disastrous earthquakes.
  • The MoUs included the modalities for utilization of India’s housing grant component to support reconstruction of 50,000 houses in Nepal, implementation of the grant component of India’s post-earthquake reconstruction package in the education sector, cultural heritage sector and the health sector in Nepal, implementation arrangement on cost sharing.
  • While the other MoUs included schedules and safeguard issues for construction of Mechi Bridge under ADB’s SASEC road connectivity program, funded by the government of India, MoU on drug demand reduction and prevention of Illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursor chemical and related matters, agreement on cooperation in the field of standardization and conformity assessment.

2.Alibaba’s Jack Ma Asia’s Richest Man: Forbes:-

  • A huge rise in Alibaba Group’s earnings and the stock price has propelled its founder and executive chairman Jack Ma back to the top of the list of Asia’s wealthiest people.
  • According to Forbes Real-time Billionaires List, Ma is now worth $37.4 billion.
  • Former English teacher Jack Ma founded Alibaba in 1999. The company unites a family of internet-based businesses, which enables users to buy or sell anywhere in the world.

3.A New Bridge Over Mechi River at Indo-Nepal Border:-

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to be signed between India and Nepal for laying down implementation arrangement on Cost sharing, Schedules and Safeguard issues for starting construction of a new Bridge over Mechi River at Indo-Nepal border.
  • The cost of construction would be funded by Government of India through ADB loan. The new bridge is part of up-gradation of the Kakarvitta (Nepal) to Panitanki Bypass (India) on NH 327B. Mechi Bridge is the ending point of Asian Highway 02 in India leading to Nepal and provides critical connectivity to Nepal.
  • The construction of the bridge will improve regional connectivity and has potential to strengthen cross border trade between both the countries and cementing ties by strengthening industrial, social and cultural exchanges.
  • National Highway and Infrastructure Development Corporation (NHIDCL) under Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has been designated as the implementing agency for this project.

4.Festival of India Being Organised in Brazil:-

  • A Festival of India is being organized in Brazil from 31 August-9 September 2017.
  • The Festival will showcase diverse Indian culture, i.e. classical dances, literature, cuisine and Exhibition on Mahatma Gandhi.
  • The following events will be held in the cities of Brasilia, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

5.International Military Music Festival in Moscow:-

  • The International Military Music Festival “Spasskaya Tower” is the parade of the best military music bands of Russia and other countries that takes place every year at Red Square in Moscow. This Music Festival is a mega event, where military musicians represent the variety of national, artistic and military traditions of the world.
  • Every year about 1500 musicians, military men and other artists from around 40 countries perform at the “Spasskaya Tower”. The Festival is duly considered one of the largest international events in Russia and attracts tremendous response of the general public.
  • A Tri-Services band from the Indian Armed Forces has also been invited to participate and perform in the prestigious event. The participation of the Tri- Services Band would foster better ties between the Armed Forces of the two countries and is also a befitting acknowledgment of the professional skills of the Indian Armed Forces bands.

National News:-

1.Andhra Pradesh First to Implement Bharat QR Digital Payments:-

  • Andhra Pradesh’s Eastern Power Distribution Company Ltd (EPDCL) and the Southern Power Distribution Corporation of AP Ltd (SPDCL) have become the first state-owned distribution companies in India to accept payments through Bharat QR, the world’s first interoperable quick response code acceptance solution launched by the Reserve Bank of India.
  • The Vizag Digital Dhan Sankalp project is an initiative spearheaded by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and Visa, to develop Visakhapatnam into India’s first “less–cash” city.
  • Bharat QR is a secure, network-agnostic interface that enables customers to use their smartphones to make payments without divulging information like card numbers and CVV.

2.Karnataka Ties up With Microsoft to Develop India’s First Farm Price Forecasting Model:-

  • The Agriculture Department of Karnataka government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Microsoft India to develop an unique ‘farm price forecasting model’ using the latest IT tools in a bid to help farmers, administrators and other stakeholders understand the market behaviour in advance.
  • The proposed initiative is said to be the first-of-its-kind in the country, as it is a ‘multi-variate’ one that takes into consideration various factors beyond the conventional supply-demand equation. It will examine a slew of related factors, including weather, rainfall and external factors, that impact market behaviour.
  • The initiative appears to have caught the attention of the Centre, which has sought suggestions from the KAPC on the importance of price forecasting for its initiative to double farmers’ incomes. Microsoft would also develop software for providing sowing advisory services to farmers.

3.MEA to Inaugurate First Videsh Bhavan in Mumbai:-

  • The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has decided to integrate all its offices in Maharashtra into a single building – the “Videsh Bhavan” – for effective management of its engagement with the State Government of Maharashtra.
  • Four offices of MEA in Mumbai, namely, (i) Passport Office, (ii) Office of the Protector of Emigrants, (iii) Office of the Regional Director of ICCR, and (iv) Branch Secretariat of MEA, will be integrated and will be functioning from the newly constructed “Videsh Bhavan”.

4.Government to Establish First National Sports Museum in New Delhi:-

  • The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is going to establish National Sports Museum, first of its kind, at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi.
    Shri Vijay Goel said, the Museum will showcase the India’s achievements in sports and also focus on the traditional sports within the country. He said, the aim of the Museum is to popularise the sports as a way of life within the country.
  • Shri Vijay Goel has appealed to all past and present sports persons and members of public to contribute any memorabilia held by them for permanent display in the National Sports Museum. He said such contribution will be recognized and acknowledged.
  • Museum will have audio-visual display of rules and legacy events pertaining to various sports as part of education for the budding sportspersons, a well-equipped library of sports and physical fitness, painting gallery and amphitheater for screening of legacy matches/ contests/games is also planned.

5.Microsoft Unveils ‘Project Brainwave’ for Real-Time AI:-

  • Software giant Microsoft has announced its Project Brainwave deep learning acceleration platform for real-time artificial intelligence (AI). With the help of ultra-low latency, the system processes requests as fast as it receives them.
  • The Project Brainwave system is built with three main layers:
  • High-performance distributed system architecture;
  • A hardware DNN engine synthesized onto FPGAs; and
  • A compiler and runtime for low-friction deployment of trained models.

Economic news:-

1.5% GST applicable on selling of space for advertisement in print media: Centre:-

  • Government has clarified that five percent GST is applicable on selling of space for advertisement in print media if an agency buys space from the newspaper and sells the same to clients on its own account.
  • However, the GST rate will be 18 percent of the sale commission, if the agency works as an agent of the newspaper on commission basis. The Finance Ministry said, 18 percent GST will be liable, if the advertisement agency supplies any service other than selling of space for advertisement and such supply is not a part of any composite supply.
  • The Ministry in case, such supplies are part of any composite supply, the rate applicable will be 5 percent.

2.RBI issues new Rs 200, Rs 50 notes:-

  • The Reserve Bank today issued new Rs 200 and Rs 50 denomination banknotes in the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series, bearing signature of RBI Governor Urjit Patel.
    Initially, the new Rs 200 notes will be circulated by select RBI offices, and some banks.
  • The new Rs. 200 denomination has motif of Sanchi Stupa on the reverse, depicting the country’s cultural heritage.
  • The base colour of the note is bright yellow. The note has other designs, geometric patterns aligning with the overall colour scheme, both at the obverse and reverse.

3.Two RRBs Record Over Rs 150-cr Profit in FY17: RBI:-

  • Out of the 56 regional rural banks (RRBs) in the country, two notched up net profit of over ₹150 crore each during 2016-17. These are among the 49 RRBs that recorded a profit in 2016-17. Seven RRBs suffered losses during the period.
  • According to the Reserve Bank of India’s ‘Report on Trend and Progress of Banking in India’, 45 of the 56 RRBs earned profits without carrying any accumulated losses during 2015-16.
  • In fact, Karnataka Vikas Grameena Bank and Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank recorded net profit of more than Rs.150 crore during 2016-17.
  • At the end-March 2017, RRBs had 21,398 branches spread across 676 districts and 28 States.

4.TRAI Signs Deal With Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission:-

  • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) signed a letter of intent (LoI) with the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) to jointly conduct capacity building exercises in the fields of broadcasting and telecommunications regulation.
  • The agreement would help both regulators to work closely in enhancing mutual cooperation and bilateral relations.
  • The agreement will facilitate exchange of information and regulatory best practices in the fields of broadcasting and telecommunications, including new and emerging areas.

KingMakers IAS Academy Current Affairs Pulse – 100% taken from “THE HINDU”

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Source: “THE HINDU – 25/08/2017”

1. Which of the following categories of Indian products are not facing difficulties in entering the Chinese market:
a. Agricultural Products.
b. Pharmaceutical Products.
c. Indian IT/Business Process Management.
d. Indian Movies.
Options:
1 and 3 only
1 and 2 only
2 and 4 only
None of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
2. Which of the following statements about India’s trade deficit with China are correct:
a. India faces a ballooninggoods trade deficit withits neighbor China.
b. In case of a full-fledged‘trade war,’ China will have much to lose with its goods exports to India in 2016-17 valued at a whopping $61.3 billion against India’s shipments worth just $10.2 billion to that country.
c. India’sgoods trade deficit withChina widened at a rapid pace — fromjust $1.1 billion in 2003-04 toa massive $51.1 billion in thelast fiscal.
Options:
1 and 3 only
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
3. Which of the following statements about India China Trade relations are correct:
a. China’sSanitary and Phytosanitarymeasuresregarding applicationof food safety, and animaland plant healthnorms arehurting Indian farmproducts exports to thatcountry.
b. Currently in India, Antidumpingduty is in force on93 products concerning importsfrom China, coveringproducts in broad group.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
4. Which of the following statements are correct regarding fiat money in India:
a. The Government of India issued all coins and Rs.1 note in India.
b. The Government of India derives this power from the coinage act 1909.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements are in correct about the power of Reserve Bank Of India:
c. The Reserve Bank Of India is empowered to issue all the notes except Rs. 1note.
d. The Reserve Bank Of India derives this power from the Reserve Bank Of India Act 1934.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
6. Which of the following statements about fiat notes are correct:
a. It is a standard practiceto have 1, 2 and 5 seriesnotes like ₹1, ₹2, and ₹5.
b. There is a logical need tointroduce the missing denominationof ₹200, whichwill make the present currencysystem in India more efficient.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 20 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
7. Which of the following organizations have published the 3 year Action Agenda from 2017-18 – 2019 – 20:
a. NITI Aayog
b. National Commission for Women
c. Observer Research Foundation
d. Center For Policy Research
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer Page no 19 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
8. What are the new rules introduced by The Ministry of Civil Aviation in the UDAN scheme:
a. Increasingviability gap fundingfor helicopter operators,diluting exclusivity clause.
b. Airline operatorsmay issue no-objectioncertificates to other airlineswilling to operate on thesame route.
c. Some states including Jammu and Kashmir and Lakshadweep islands have been designated as priority areas.
d. Abolition ofthe 150-km minimumdistance required betweentwo airports to be qualifiedfor operations under thescheme.
Options:
1 and 2 only
1 and 3 only
2 and 4 only
All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer Page no 19 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
9. Which of the following two banks obtained licenses under the New Bank licences 3rd Round (2013-14):
a. Bandhan
b. IDFC (Infrastructure Development Finance Company)
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 19 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
10. Which of the following statements about Ukraine are correct:
a. Russia took over Crimean peninsula from Ukraine after a military action.
11. The Minsk Ceasefire agreement deals with which of the following:
a. Ukraine and Russia
b. Germany and France
c. United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.
d. Spain and Portugal
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer Page no 19 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
12. Which of the following statements about CPEC – China Pakisatan Economic Corridor are correct:
a. The CPEC – China Pakistan Economic Corridor passes through Indian Territory under Pakistani occupation.
b. Baloch nationalists too have opposed the large-scale development projects envisioned by CPEC – China Pakistan Economic Corridor.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 18 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
13. Black Sea is borders which of the following countries:
a. The Bosphorus Strait connects Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara.
b. The Strait of the Dardanelles connects Sea of Marmara to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 18 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
14. Which of the following statements about Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code are correct:
a. Section 377 of IndianPenal Code was struck downby the Delhi High Court inJuly 2009 in the Naz Foundation Case.
b. However, overrulingthis judgment, the SupremeCourt upheld Section377 IPC in what is popularlyreferred to as the Kaushaljudgment.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer:3
Explanation: Refer Page no 17 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
15. Which of the statements about Nepal are correct:
a. Nepal shares its borders with the country of Bhutan.
b. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 2
Explanation: Refer Page no 17 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
16. Which of the statements are true about Article 35A:
a. Article 35A empowers the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them.
b. Article 35A was added to the Indian Constitution by a Presidential Order.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 16 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
17. The Pradhan Manthri Kisan Sampada Yojana comes under which of the following ministries:
a. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare
b. Ministry of Rural Development
c. Ministry of Food Processing Industries
d. Ministry of Panchayati Raj
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 11 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
18. Which of the statements about Pradhan Kisan Sampada Yojana are correct:
a. It aims to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste to bridge the gaps in Food processing Supply Chain.
b. It is a central sector scheme.
c. This scheme was earlier called as SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters).
Options:
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
All of the above
Answer:4
Explanation: Refer Page no 11 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
19. Which of the following statements are correct:
a. The 32nd National Eye Donation Fortnight is being celebrated from 25th August – 8th September 2017.
b. Eyes can be pledged before and donated only after death but eyes must be retrieved within 6-8 hours death.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer Page no 9 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
20. Which of the following statements about Whip are true:
a. The office of the Whip is mentioned in the Constitution of India.
b. The office of the Whip is mentioned in the Rules of the House.
c. The office of the Whip is mentioned in the Parliamentary Statute.
d. The office of the Whip is based on the conventions of the parliamentary government.
Options:
1 and 3 only
4 only
All of the above
None of the above
Answer: 2
Explanation: Refer Page no 8 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.
21. Which of the following statements are correct:
a. Privacy is a constitutionally protected right.
b. It emerges primarily from the guarantee of life and liberty in Article 21 of the constitution.
Options:
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Answer:3
Explanation: Refer Page no 3 of The Hindu Dated 25 August 25, 2017.

KingMakers IAS Academy – Daily Current Affairs – 25/08/2017

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National News:-

1.Home Minister Launches Digital Police Portal:-

  • Ministry of Home Affairs undertakes steps to integrate the various organs of the Criminal Justice System such as the Police, Courts, Prisons, Prosecution, Forensic Laboratories, Finger Prints and Juvenile Homes with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) database.
  • Launching the Digital Police Portal under the CCTNS project, Home Minister Rajnath Singh said this Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) will be a useful resource for all stakeholders including the policy makers.
  • According to Home Ministry, the Digital Police Portal will enable citizens to register FIRs online and the portal will initially offer seven Public Delivery Services in 34 States & UTs, like Person and Address Verification e.g. of employees, tenants, nurses etc, permission for hosting Public Events, Lost & Found Articles and Vehicle theft etc.
  • Besides, the portal will enable restricted access to law enforcement agencies on topics such as Antecedent Verification and make assessment of FIRs.

2.Cloud-Seeding Project of Karnataka Takes off at Jakkur Airfield:-

  • Cloud seeding project of the Karnataka took off at Jakkur Airfield. The project – named Varshadhare – has been fully operational and taken up for a period of 60 days.
    Cloud-seeding is a technique employed to increase precipitation in clouds.
  • Experts say precipitation in clouds has been affected recently due to increase in particulate matter in the atmosphere, among other factors.
  • Cloud-seeding aims at catalysing the process of precipitation, so that rainfall could be increased by 15-20 per cent in drought-affected areas of the State.
    By introducing impurities such as Silver Iodide, Potassium Chloride and others, the objective is to ensure that the size of the droplets is large enough to fall down as rain.

3.NITI Aayog Launched Mentor India Campaign:-

  • NITI Aayog launched the Mentor India Campaign, a strategic nation building initiative to engage leaders who can guide and mentor students at more than 900 Atal Tinkering Labs, established across the country as a part of the Atal Innovation Mission. CEO NITI Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant unveiled the online nationwide initiative in the capital.
  • Mentor India is aimed at maximizing the impact of Atal Tinkering Labs, possibly the biggest disruption in formal education globally. The idea is to engage leaders who will nurture and guide students in the Atal Tinkering Labs. These labs are non-prescriptive by nature, and mentors are expected to be enablers rather than instructors.
  • NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission is among one of the flagship programs of the Government of India to promote innovation and entrepreneurship in the country to set up the Atal Tinkering Labs across the country.

4.SC Strikes Down Instant Triple Talaq:-

  • The Supreme Court set aside the practice of instant divorce through triple talaq among Muslims, terming it as unconstitutional, illegal and void.
  • In a 3:2 majority judgment, the apex court held that triple talaq is against the basic tenets of Quran and hence, is unacceptable. The three judges also said, triple talaq is manifestly arbitrary and violative of the constitution and must be struck down.
  • While Justices Kurian Joseph, RF Nariman and U U Lalit held triple talaq as violative of the constitution, Chief Justice J.S Khehar and Justice S Abdul Nazeer were in favour of putting the practice on hold for six months and asking the government to come out with a law.

5.ICMR Inks Deal to Promote Vaccine Development:-

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has signed an MoU with the International Vaccine Institute (IVI) for collaborating on vaccine research and development.
  • The MoU was signed between Soumya Swaminathan, the Director General of ICMR and Secretary, Department of Health Research, Manoj Jhalani, Additional Secretary and managing director, National Health Mission, and IVI Director General Jerome H. Kim.
  • One of the most successful collaborations was with Shantha Biotech on the development of Shanchol, the world’s first low-cost oral cholera vaccine.
  • The vaccine was licensed in India in 2009 and WHO-prequalified in 2011.

International News:-

1.India welcomes Trump’s new Afghanistan policy:-

  • India has welcomed U.S. President Donald Trump’s new policy on Afghanistan and said his move would help target “safe havens” of terrorism in South Asia.
  • American President had urged India to play a larger role in providing economic and development assistance to the war-torn Afghanistan.

The new US policy on Afghanistan:-

  • The Pentagon and NATO allies are redrawing their operational plans in America’s longest war that began in 2001, and an increase in troop levels is expected soon. The new U.S. strategy for South Asia has many old elements, but in a departure from the past, it commits troops in Afghanistan for an open-ended period of time. The policy also sets the stage for a new wave of U.S. offensive against Islamist forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Science & Technology:-

1.Android Oreo Released by Google:-

  • Google has released the latest version of its Android mobile operating system (OS), which is named after Oreo chocolate biscuits.It adds a new “picture-in-picture” mode that lets some apps run in a small corner of the screen.
  • Google’s own Nexus and Pixel phones are expected to be the first to receive the software update.
  • New versions of Android can be slow to roll out, and just 14% of Android devices run the previous OS, Nougat.
  • Android Oreo introduces measures to help people manage the volume of notifications on their devices, which has been described as “notification diarrhoea”.

2.New species of the genus Nasikabatrachus:-

  • A new species of the endemic frog genus Nasikabatrachus has been discovered from the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
  • The newly discovered frog is named Nasikabatrachus bhupathi.
  • It has a snout-shaped nose, just like a pig’s and is a soil dwelling species of purple frog.
  • It inhabits the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, near the Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.
  • The discovery is significant as it constitutes additional evidence in favour of the theory of continental drift. The frog is an inhabitant of Seychelles, and the discovery of this frog species in India suggests that the Indian subcontinent was part of the ancient landmass of Gondwana before splitting from Seychelles 65 million years ago.

Economic News:-

1.FDI Jumps 37% to 10.4 Billion USD During April-June 2017:-

  • Foreign direct investment, FDI, into the country grew by 37 per cent to 10(point) 4 billion US Dollar during the first quarter of the current fiscal. According to the figures of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, DIPP, India had received around eight billion FDI US Dollar during the same period last year.
  • The main sectors which attracted the highest foreign inflows include services, telecom, trading, computer hardware and software and automobile.
  • Bulk of the FDI came in from Singapore, Mauritius, the Netherlands and Japan.
  • A strong inflow of foreign investments will help improve the country’s balance of payments situation and strengthen the rupee value against other global currencies, especially the US dollar.

Awards:-

1.National Sports Awards 2017 Announced:-

  • Para Olympian Devendra Jhajharia and Hockey player Sardar Singh have been selected for this year’s Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.
  • This award is given to sportsperson for spectacular and most outstanding performance in the field over a period of four year.
  • Cricketers Harmanpreet Kaur and Cheteshwar Pujara, shooter PN Prakash, pugilist L. Devendro Singh and Tennis player Saketh Myneni are among the 17 sportspersons who will be given Arjuna Awards this year.
  • The Dronacharya awardees are R. Gandhi (athletics), Heera Nand Kataria (kabaddi), G.S.S.V. Prasad (badminton), Brij Bhushan Mohanty (boxing), P.A. Raphel (hockey), Sanjoy Chakraverthy (shooting) and Roshan Lal (wrestling).
  • The Dhyan Chand Award will be given to Bhupender Singh (athletics), Syed Shahid Hakim (football) and Sumarai Tete (hockey).
  • Apart from a medal and a citation, the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna awardees will receive a cash prize of Rs 7.5 lakh. Arjuna, Dronacharya and Dhyan Chand awardees will receive statuettes, certificates and cash prize of Rs five lakh each.
  • The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna and Arjuna Award are given for performance over a period of four years. The Dronacharya Award honours coaches for producing medal winners at the international level while the Dhyan Chand Award is given for life time contribution to sports development.

 

 

KingMakers IAS Academy Current Affairs Pulse – 100% taken from “THE HINDU”

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Source: “THE HINDU – 24/08/2017”

1.Sankalp Se Sidhi program is being organized across the country to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of which of the following movement:
a)Civil Disobedience Movement
b)Quit India Movement
c)Khilafat Non Cooperation Movement
d)Dandi March
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 dated August 24, 2017.

2.India’s vision for energy future has which of the following four pillars:
a.Energy Access
b.Energy Efficiency
c.Energy Sustainability
d.Energy Security
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 dated August 24, 2017.

3.Which of the following statements about ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) are incorrect:
a.Oil and Natural Gas Corporation is one of the seven Maharathna companies in India.
b.It is India’s largest producer of crude oil and natural gas.
c.Oil and Natural Gas Corporation was the first to discover Shale Gas in India.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)None of the Above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 dated August 24, 2017.
4.Which of the following are thethe objectives of the New India Movement (2017 – 2022):
a.Poverty Free India
b.Clean India
c.Terrorism free India
d.Communalism
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 1 dated August 24, 2017.

5. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Liquor Ban judgement of the Supreme Court:
a.The earlier judgement of the Supreme Court dealt with a nationwide ban on sale of liquor within a distance of 500 metres along National and State Highways.
b.The Supreme Court now has clarified that the 500-metre ban does not prohibit licensed establishments within municipal areas.
c.In short, stretches of highways running within city limits are now, by default, exempt from the liquor ban.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 3 dated August 24, 2017.

6. A commission which will examine the issue of sub-categorisation of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) has which of the following mandates:
a.Examine the extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among various castes and communities that come under the Central OBC list.
b.To work out the mechanism, criteria and parameters for the actual sub-categorisation.
c.To bringing order to the Central list of OBCs by removing any repetitions.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above.
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 3 dated August 24, 2017.

7. Which of the following statements regarding the Cholas are true:
a.During the Chola period, Temples were not just places of worship and religion but played an important role in the local administration1,000 years ago.
b.The temple inscriptions shed light on the landmark judgements passed in the area and the gifts that were received.
c.An ‘ur’ was where farmers stayed.
d.The traders would have populated the ‘nagarams’.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 4 only
c)1, 2 and 4 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 3 dated August 24, 2017.

8. What is the “Blue Whale Challenge”:
a. Blue Whale Challenge”, is an Internet “game” that is claimed to exist in several countries.
b. The game allegedly consists of a series of tasks assigned to players by administrators during a 50-day period, with the final challenge requiring the player to commit suicide.
c. The term “Blue Whale” comes from the phenomenon of beached whales, which is linked to suicide.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)1 and 3 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 5 dated August 24, 2017.

9. Which of the following are included in Governor’s situational discretions:
a. Appointment of Chief Minister when no party has a clear cut majority in the state legislative assembly.
b. When the chief minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor.
c. Dismissal of the Council of Ministers when it cannot prove the confidence of the state legislative assembly.
d. Dissolution of the state legislative assembly if the council of ministers has lost its majority.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 4 only
c)1and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 3 dated August 24, 2017.

10. Which of the following statements about Microsoft are correct:
a. Karnataka Agriculture Department has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Microsoft India to develop a unique farm price forecasting model.
b. Microsoft will come to the aid of Karnataka farmers who constantly struggle with an unpredictable market.
c. This initiative is said to be the first-of-its-kind in the country as it is a “multi-variate” one that takes into consideration various factors beyond the conventional supply-demand equation while forecasting the prices for crops.
d. The forecast would help the government prepare in advance for market intervention if there was an indication of price crash.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 3 only
c)1, 2 and 4 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 8 dated August 24, 2017.

11. Which of the following committees were headed by Justice B.N.Srikrishna:
a. Financial Sector Regulatory Reforms Committee.
b. Committee for Bilateral Investment Treaty Arbitration.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 10 dated August 24, 2017.

12. Which of the statements about International Labour Organization are correct:
a. International Labour Organization is a specialized agency of the United States.
b.The International Labour Organization has a tripartite governing structure – representing governments, employers, and workers.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 11 dated August 24, 2017.

13. Which of the following statements about The Global Commission on the
Future of Work report are correct:
a. The report deals with the implications for individuals and societies from the changing dynamics of work, production processes and rapid technological transformation.
b. The report finds that far-reaching modifications witnessed in the means of production and access to mobile information and communication technology have created a flexible overall work environment.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 11 dated August 24, 2017.

14. Which of the following are correct about Walking Marriages:
a. It is followed by the small matrilineal Zhaba ethnic group of Sichuan province.
b. The Zhaba eschew monogamous relationships for traditional walking marriages.
c. The practice of men typically walk to their rendezvous before slipping through their lover’s window is called Walking Marriage.
Options:
a)1 and 2 only
b)2 and 4 only
c)1 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer:4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

15. Which of the following statements about Mosses are correct:
a.Delicate Mosses found on rocks and trees in cities are used to measure the impact of atmospheric change.
b.This “bioindicator” responds to pollution or drought-stress by changing shape, density or disappearing, allowing scientists to calculate atmospheric alterations.
c.This could prove a low-cost way to monitor urban pollution.
Options:
a)1 and 3 only
b)1 and 2 only
c)2 and 3 only
d)All of the above
Answer: 4
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

16. Which of the following statements about Biomarkers are correct:
a. A Biomarker will help doctors decide whether patients with earlystage tongue cancer should undergo neck surgery to remove 20-30 lymph nodes.
b. The research carried out at the Tata Memorial Center in Mumbai, has for the first time shown a direct link between chewing tobacco and tongue cancer.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

17. Which of the symbol attached to keywords to tag topics online celebrated 10 years making social media just a bit more navigable:
a)Hashtag
b)Emojis
c)Text Messages
d)Graphic Interchange Format
Answer: 1
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

18. Which of the following statements about MMP10 protein are correct:
a. The biomarker can be identified using a simple immune histochemical analysis, a method to locate proteins in tissue sections.
b. Only those patients who have higher level of this MMP10 protein [overexpression] are likely to have cancer spread to the lymph nodes.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

19. Which of the following country isnot the member of Gulf Cooperation Council:
a)Saudi Arabia
b)Kuwait
c)Qatar
d)Iran
Answer: c
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 20 dated August 24, 2017.

20. Which of the following statements about the new mechanism to spur PSB mergers are correct:
a. Tocreate strong and competitivebanks based on commercial considerations and such decisions must start from the boards of the banks.
b. The Public Sector Banks will benefit from operational and functional synergies resulting in better efficiencies.
Options:
a)1 only
b)2 only
c)Both 1 and 2
d)Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: 3
Explanation: Refer The Hindu Page No 15 dated August 24, 2017.