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Current affairs pulse – 1st March, 2018

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1. Consider the following statements regarding Foreign Investment Promotion Board
1. FIPB was a national agency with the remit to consider and recommend FDI which does not come under the automatic route.
2. Currently, The FIPB is working under the Ministry of Finance.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
The FIPB was housed in the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance. FIPB was abolished on 24 May 2017, as announced by Finance Minister during 2017-2018 budget speech in Lok Sabha.

2. Consider the following statements with respect to SEBI functions
1. Quasi judiciary
2. Quasi legislative
3. Quasi Executive
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: D
Quasi-legislative function = drafts regulations
Quasi-judicial = passes rulings and judgments; prosecute and judge directly certain violations
Quasi-executive = investigation and enforcement actions.

3. Which of the following indicators help to trace the trends in manufacturing growth
1. IIP
2. PMI
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

4. Consider the following statements
1. Ministry of Finance initiated Strategic Debt Restructuring scheme to solve the NPA problem.
2. Under SDR, banks who have given loans to a corporate borrower gets the right to convert the full or part of their loans into equity shares in the loan taken company.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
The SDR scheme which was introduced by the RBI in June 2015 thus helps banks recover their loans by taking control of the distressed listed companies.

5. Consider the following statements with reference to Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
1. IBC seeks to consolidate the existing framework by creating a single law for insolvency and bankruptcy.
2. Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board will have 10 members.
3. The board includes representatives from the Ministries of Finance and Law, and the RBI.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: D

6. Consider the following statements
1. GDP growth is consistently growing in the financial year 2017-18.
2. GVA is always greater than GDP.
Which of the above statements are incorrect?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
GVA + taxes on products – subsidies on products = GDP

7. Consider the following statements
1. The moon will get its first mobile phone network next year.
2. Vodafone Germany, Nokia and Caretaker Audi are working together on the project.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

8. Consider the following statements with reference to PMI
1. The PMI is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment.
2. PMI are economic indicators derived from annual surveys of private sector companies.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
Purchasing Managers’ Indexes (PMI) are economic indicators derived from monthly surveys of private sector companies.

9. Consider the following statements regarding Outer Space Treaty
1. It bars states party to the treaty from placing weapons of mass destruction in orbit of Earth, installing them on the Moon or any other celestial body
2. Treaty also prohibits the placement of conventional weapons in orbit.
3. The treaty also states that the exploration of outer space shall be done to benefit all countries and that space shall be free for exploration and use by all the States.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B
Treaty doesn’t prohibit the placement of conventional weapons in orbit.

10. Consider the following statements regarding Cauvery Management Board
1. The CMB is a permanent body under the Union Ministry of Water Resources.
2. The Cauvery Water Dispute Tribunal mandated the establishment of the CMB to ensure implementation of and compliance with its 2007 final order.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

11. Consider the following statements regarding Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
1. The TERLS is the India’s first space port.
2. The nearness to the geomagnetic equator made it an ideal site for the launch of sounding rockets.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C
The presence of a strong ‘equatorial electroject’ current over Thumba which was very close to the geomagnetic equator, made it an ideal site for the launch of sounding rockets.

12. Nitrogen Dioxide in Pollution causes
1. It aggravates the respiratory illness
2. It causes acid rain.
3. It pollutes the coastal waters
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: D

13. The important Kothari Commission is relation with
1. Education
2. Environment
3. Fiscal reforms
4. PPP model
Solution: A

14. Consider the following statements with respect to National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change (NMSKCC)
1. As a part of NMSKCC, 8 Global Technology Watch Groups have been established to keep track of the state-of–the-art technologies emerging globally.
2. This is one of the 8 missions under the National Action Plan on Climate.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

15. Consider the following statements
1. India Meteorological Department (IMD) an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
2. IMD was the first weather bureau of a developing country to develop and maintain its own satellite system.
3. IMD is one of the Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the Tropical Cyclone Programme of the World Weather Watch of the WMO.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: D

16. Consider the following statements
1. Growth in the country’s core sector accelerated to 6.7% in January, 2018 from 3.4% in last year.
2. It is mainly due to well growth in the cement, Petroleum refinery and electricity sector.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

17. Consider the following statements regarding Financial Action Task Force
1. It is the initiative of G7.
2. It intends to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorism financing.
3. India is also part of the FATF.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: D

18. Consider the following statements about Index of Industrial Production ( IIP )
1. It is released monthly by Central Statistical Organisation ( CSO )
2. It shows the volume of industrial activity.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both 1 and 2 d. Neither 1 nor 2
Solution: A
IIP or the index of industrial production is the number denoting the condition of industrial production during a certain period (month for eg.). It does not show the volume of industrial activity but only its growth with respect to a reference period. As IIP shows the status of industrial activity, one can find out if the industrial activity has increased, decreased or remained same.

19. Rate of growth of an economy is measured in terms of
a. Per capita income b. Industrial development c. Number of people who have been lifted above the poverty line d. National Income
Solution: D

20. Consider the following statements with respect to Securities Appellate Tribunal
1. It is not a statutory body
2. The Presiding officer of SAT shall be appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India or his nominee.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
SAT is a statutory body established under the provisions of Section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 to hear and to dispose appeals against orders passed by the Securities and Exchange board of India or by an adjudicating officer under the Act.

Current affairs pulse – 28th Feb, 2018

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1. Consider the following statements
1. MILAN is a congregation of littoral navies conducted biennially by the Indian Navy under the aegis of Andaman and Nicobar Command.
2. Maldives has declined an invitation to join MILAN series to be hosted in March, 2018
Which of the following statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

2. Consider the following statements
1. Mission Innovation is a global initiative of 22 countries and the European Commission partnering to accelerate clean energy innovation.
2. They have committed to seeking to double their government investment in clean energy research and innovation over five years to 2021.
3. India is also participating country in the Mission.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 only c. 2 and 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: D

3. Which of the following factors boost the Swachh Bharat Mission?
1. Super Critical CO2 Brayton Test loop facility for clean energy.
2. Real-time River water and Air quality Monitoring
3. Novel bio-toilets technologies.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1, 2 and 3 b. 2 only c. 2 and 3 only d.1 and 2
Solution: A

4. SOHUM: Neonatal hearing screening aid
NOENO : Nasal foreign body removal device
JIGYASA: CSIR Scientists-Student Interactions
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
a. 1 only b. 1 and 2 only c. All are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
Noxeno is first dedicated tool for anterior nasal foreign body (NFB) removal that allows doctors in any setting to quickly and safely remove objects that people (mostly children aged 2 to 10) put into their noses.

5. Consider the following statements with reference to UDAYAMIMITRA
1. NABARD has launched the ‘Udyami Mitra’ Portal to improve accessibility of credit and handholding services to rural based MSMEs.
2. The collateral security is not required for loans up to Rs. 10 lakh to MSE sector.
3. More number of Banks/NBFCs available at one place.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 only c. 2 and 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: C
SIDBI has launched the ‘Udyami Mitra’ Portal to improve accessibility of credit and handholding services to MSMEs.

6. Consider the following statements with reference to National Pension System Trust
a. The NPST take care of the assets and funds under the NPS in the best interest of the subscribers.
b. It is regulated by Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authority.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

7. Consider the following statements with respect to FATF
1. It is the initiative of the G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
2. Recently FATF puts Pakistan into “grey watchlist” for terrorist financing.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

8. What among the following statements regarding Insurance sector?
1. The Delhi High court directed to strike down the unreasonable exclusions in health sector.
2. As per National Family Health Survey, India has high scale of coverage in health insurance
Which of the above statements are correct?
a) Only 1 b) Only 2 c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: A

9. Consider the following statements
1. Core Banking Solution (CBS) is networking of branches, which enables Customers to avail banking services from any branch of the Bank on CBS network.
2. CBS and SWIFT is not integrated in the case of PNB fraud.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

10. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Letter of Understanding?
1. It enables the payment of the customer’s offshore suppliers in foreign currency
2. It is issued by any recognised bank to the foreign bank.
3. If importer fails to make payment on the due date, the bank honours the commitment.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 only c. 2 and 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: D

11. What is Nostro account?
a. A bank account is maintained by NRI in foreign nank
b. A bank account is maintained by NRI in Indian bank
c. Banks maintain foreign currency stocks with their overseas branch
d. Banks maintain foreign currency stocks with other foreign bank.
Solution: C

12. For which of the following schemes Supreme court has allowed to use Aadhaar identity cards?
a. EPF
b. MGNREGS
c. PDS
d. LPG
e. Jan Dhan Yojana
a. 1,3,4  b. 2,3,4  c. 3,4,5  d. All
Solution: D

13. Consider the following statements
1. UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) is envisaged to make e-governance ‘mobile first’.
2. It is developed by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD).
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

14. Consider the following statements regarding Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)
1. The SWIFT enables financial institutions worldwide to send and receive information about financial transactions in a secure, standardized and reliable environment.
2. The majority of international interbank messages use the SWIFT network.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

15. Consider the following with respect to BSF
a. It is a paramilitary force charged with guarding India’s land border during peace time and preventing transnational crime.
b. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs.
c. It is one of the many law enforcement agency of India.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a) 1 only b) 2, 3 only c) 1, 3 only d) All of the above
Solution: D

16. Consider the following statements
1. The Railways wants to install the sanitary napkins dispensers and incinerators at railway stations across the country.
2. The project will be initiated on International Women day (March 8)
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

17. Consider the following statements with reference to National Commission on Scheduled Tribes
1. It is a statutory body.
2. To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the ST people.
3. It doesn’t take part government planning process.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 only c. 2 and 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: B
NCST participate and advise in the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State.

18. Consider the following statements
1. In order to make it much easier to recover Bad Loans from willful defaulters, the Govt. made a law known as (SARFAESI) Securitization & Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act.
2. Asset Reconstruction companies were recommended by Narasimham Committee II.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: A

19. Consider the following statements with respect to Carbon Monoxide
1. Its high concentration in air reduces the oxygen supply to critical organs like Heart and Brain.
2. At very high level, it causes dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness and even death.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

20. Consider the following statements regarding CBI
1. The CBI director is selected based on the CVC Act 2003.
2. The Director is appointed by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
The amended Delhi Special Police Establishment Act empowers a committee to appoint the director of CBI. The committee consists the Prime Minister – chairperson, Leader of Opposition – member, Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court Judge recommended by the Chief Justice – member.

“Current affairs pulse – 26th Feb, 2018”

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1. Which of the following statements are correct with reference to RUSTOM-2?
1. It is a medium altitude long endurance drone.
2. It belongs to a family of UAVs under development, including Rustom-1, Rustom-H.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

2. Consider the following statements
1. Expressways are six or eight-lane controlled-access highways where entrance and exit is controlled by the use of slip roads.
2. National Highways Authority of India will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.
3. The Central government has approved the Chennai-salem Green highways with eight lane.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B
National Expressways Authority of India operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.

3. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Siruvani River?
1. It is tributary of Kabini river.
2. The reservoir at Siruvani was built for Tamil Nadu by the Kerala government with funds collected by the Tamil Nadu government.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
It is tributary of Bhavani tributary.

4. Consider the following statements
1. The capital punishment needs to be approved by the High Court only in the case of convicts appeal against the verdict
2. The president only can grant pardon to a person awarded death sentence.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: B
The capital Punishment should not be executed until the high court approves the sentence even if the convicts are not to appeal against the verdict.

5. Particulate matter pollution causes
1. Chest tightness and shortness of breathe
2. Reduced lung function
3. Asthma attacks
4. Heart attacks and premature deaths.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 4 only b. 1,2 and 3 only c. 1,2 and 4 only d. 1, 2,3 and 4
Solution: D

6. Consider the following statements with reference to UNNAT BHARAT ABHIYAN
1. It connects Higher Educational Institutions to villages for transfer of knowledge to enrich rural India.
2. To avail the benefits under the scheme, the education institution should have identified at least 5 villages in their vicinity.
Which of the following statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

7. Consider the following statements
a. The Central Government has constituted National Company Law Tribunal under the Companies Act, 2013.
b. The NCLT comes under the Ministry of Commerce and Industrial Policy
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
It comes under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

8. The Global Information Technology Report is released by
a. World Economic Forum
b. International Telecommunication Union
c. United Nations Institute for Training and Research
d. World bank
Solution: A

9. Consider the following statements
a. Aadhar is for both residents of India and NRIs.
b. The Aadhar is an identifier, not a profiling tool.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
Aadhar is only for residents of India, not for NRIs.

10. Consider the following statements with respect to Bitcoins
a. Bitcoin is the first decentralised digital currency.
b. Bitcoin is issued by any central authority
c. Bitcoin is based on an open source protocol
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution:B
Bitcoin is a type of digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone. Bitcoin was introduced in 2009. Bitcoin is based on an open source protocol and is not issued by any central authority. Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer currency. Peer-to-peer means that no central authority issues new money or tracks transactions. These tasks are managed collectively by the network.

11. Which of the following correct with reference to application of Artificial Intelligences
1. Anti Money Laundering Pattern Detection
2. Chat bots
3. Algorithm trading
4. Fraud detection
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 4 only b. 1,2 and 3 only c. 1,2 and 4 only d. 1, 2,3 and 4
Solution: D

12. Consider the following statements with respect to UIDAI
a. It is statutory authority.
b. UIDAI was created with the objective to issue Unique Identification numbers (UID), named as “Aadhaar”.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”) on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).

13. Consider the following statements
1. MILAN is a congregation of littoral navies conducted biennially by the Indian Navy.
2. It is under the aegis of Andaman and Nicobar command.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

14. Consider the following with respect to Gobar Dhan Scheme
a. This scheme is used for converting rural and urban waste into clean energy through Biogas
b. It helps to monetise the agricultural waste.
Which of the following is/are incorrect?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
Galvanising Organic Bio Agro Resources scheme is for rural areas only.

15. Consider the following statements
a. Lithium ion battery has to be charged for 10 hours.
b. Lead acid battery can be charged only for in 10 minutes
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: D
Lead acid battery is said to be charged at what is called a c/10 rate, that is, it has to be charged for 10 hours. In lithium ion batteries, there are certain technologies where you can charge the battery in 10 minutes.

16. The “Financial Stability Report” is released by
a. RBI
b. IMF
c. BIS
d. World Bank
Solution: A

17. What is/are the main reason for this financial year Fiscal slippage?
a. This year capital expenditure is relatively higher than last year.
b. More allocation of grants to the States for Central schemes
c. Revenue expenditure spending is higher than actual budgeted
a. 1only b. 2& 3 only c. All are correct d. 1 &3 only
Solution: B
Capital expenditure shrinks 12% than the last year.

18. Consider the following statements
a. Sophia, the humanoid robot became a Saudi Arabian citizen, the first robot to receive citizenship of any country.
b. Sophia was named the UNDP’s first ever Innovation Champion, and the first non-human to be given any United Nations title.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

19. Consider the following statements with respect to Carbon Monoxide
a. Its high concentration in air reduces the oxygen supply to critical organs like Heart and Brain.
b. At very high level, it causes dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness and even death.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

20. Consider the following statements with respect to ED
a. It is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.
b. It is part of the Department of financial services, Ministry of Finance.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
It is part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.

“Editorial made simple – GRID STABILITY IS KEY”

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GRID STABILITY IS KEY

  • Instead of transmitting electricity to the farmers, the government, to start with, wants farmers to use solar energy to power their irrigation pumps. So, the government is planning to install one million solar pumps by 2021.
    To achieve this, the Union Budget 2018 has allocated close to ₹48,000 crore to set up the Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan.

• This programme will help set up more than 28 GW of combined solar capacity through these solar pumps.
• Additionally, to ensure optimal use of this solar energy, and to incentivise farmers to shift to renewable energy, the government plans to purchase the surplus power through electricity distribution companies.
• This proposal will almost certainly increase agricultural incomes and reduce electricity losses when transmitting power to remote rural areas.
• Analysts claim that losses from distribution could fall to about 12% from the current level of at least 23%.

Advantages of this initiative:
• Reduction in transmission loss
• Power theft will be dropped.
• Loss of local rural retailers of power will be addressed
• State owned discoms running in loss will be benefitted.

  • The disadvantages currently outweigh the advantages because of the issue of grid stability. All power grids require balancing.
  • This balancing entails meeting the demand with adequate supply 24×7 to ensure there is no blackout. The reason for striking this balance is that electrical energy cannot readily be stored, meaning that power generation ought to work round the clock.
  • These electrical gridlines were created to depend on reliable and controllable generators (coal, oil and even hydroelectric). However, with more and more power being generated through fluctuating power generators (solar and wind), a more precise balance will have to be created, which may cause more failure.
  • India is short of power. Thus, while other nations see solar and wind power as an energy management problem, India also sees this as a capacity management problem.
  • Because of India’s sheer size, the variability factor considerably increases: if some areas have low consumption, others are likely to have high consumption.
  • More stability can be achieved by integrating the grids into all-India grids. Expected advances in storage technology would also significantly improve grid stability.
  • The only problem that the government seems to be focussed on is to adequately remunerate the farmers and increase their incomes. We believe attention also ought to be provided to the stability of the grid, lest the grid network collapses due to the uncertainties of power supply and demand.

“Editorial made simple – PLANNING FOR ELECTRIC MOBILITY”

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PLANNING FOR ELECTRIC MOBILITY

Why should India move towards Electronic vehicle?

• The Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health attributed to air pollution an estimated 6.5 million premature deaths globally, with 1.1 million being from India.
• In 2014, the World Health Organisation’s urban air quality database had found four Indian cities to be among the world’s 10 most polluted. The database also placed 10 Indian cities in the 20 worst lists.
• The main reason for India’s deteriorating air quality is emissions from motor vehicles in urban India.
Acknowledging the challenge of rising vehicular pollution in Indian cities, Union Minister for Power, said that from 2030, India would completely shift to using electric vehicles (EVs). The push for electric mobility was backed by the government think-tank, NITI Aayog, which has estimated that the nation can save up to ₹4 lakh crore by rapidly adopting EVs.

Challenges need to be addressed:-

Coordination is crucial:
a. In the first, it needs multiple ministries such as Road Transport and Highways, Housing and Urban Affairs, Heavy Industries, Power, New and Renewable Energy, External Affairs as well as national institutes such as NITI Aayog.
b. Also, since the initial EV revolution would predominantly be an urban one, State and city-level players need to be involved so as to address several technical and infrastructural needs.
2. The second is figuring out the best mode forward.
a. China has focussed on the use of electric buses as a catalyst for EV penetration. It is the largest electric bus manufacturer in the world, with most in use in the country.
b. The Netherlands, on the other hand, has captured the EV market using a simple yet well-crafted strategy of creating charging infrastructure and encouraging investment in charging technology by providing incentives to EV buyers.
c. These two case studies show that sustained growth is possible only due to positive economic impacts of EVs.
d. India is today the largest manufacturer and exporter of two-wheelers and auto-rickshaws. Could these vehicles pave the way for an EV revolution?

Battery Conundrum:
a. The assumption that anyone who controls the battery will control electric mobility rings true in the current scenario. India does not produce lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries currently, and companies making battery packs are dependent almost exclusively on imports from China.
b. This is a cost-saving strategy as setting up a cell manufacturing unit in India would be expensive. Accelerating EV use in India should be linked to the “Make in India” goal and domestic battery production.
c. Investment is required for research and development in battery-making and exploring alternative technologies.

Charging Infrastructure:
a. EV charging is more than just using electricity. It involves exchange of information requiring a communication protocol. There is no unique or single-charging technology for EVs.
b. The absence of a standard global infrastructure is a major deterrent for EV penetration in India, as creating infrastructure can be cost-intensive.

Jobs and the Economic Impact:
a. India is the world’s fourth largest fifth auto market, where over 25 million motor vehicles are produced. The sector is estimated to provide direct and indirect employment to about three crore people and accounts for 7.1% of the nation’s GDP.
b. The industry is estimated to grow to $300 billion in annual revenue by 2026, creating 65 million additional jobs, and contributing over 12% to the GDP.

A Road Map
EVs have the potential to disrupt the mobility ecosystem, and, if implemented well, could have a positive impact on the economy as well as the urban environment. India, however, needs a road map, with timelines, processes, well-researched impact studies, bold initiatives and robust investments in technological research to turn its EV dream into reality.

“Current affairs pulse – 25th Feb, 2018”

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1. Consider the following statements with reference to Supreme court judgement on Tamil nadu freebies scheme
a. The schemes do not violate of Art. 14 of public purpose and reasonable classification as it is in the realm of fulfilling the DPSP.
b. The promises of freebies in an election manifesto can be construed as a ‘corrupt practice’ under Representation of the People Act, 1951.
Which of the following statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
Argument: Any ‘gift’ or the ‘Promise’ offer by the candidates or his agent to induce an elector to vote in his favour would amount to ‘Bribery’ under section 123 of the Representation of People’s Act. To publicize various schemes and promises to distribute gifts whose value is estimable in money and that too from the consolidated fund of the State under the head “Promise at publication” or “public policy” or “public good” is to defeat the purposes of Section 123(1) of the RP Act.
Supreme Court judgement: That the promises to distribute election freebies in an election manifesto cannot be read into the language of the Section 123 of the RP Act, for asserting it to be corrupt practices under the prevalent law in force.
Even though the Supreme Court ruled in favour of the State of Tamil Nadu, stating that the promises made in an election manifesto cannot be construed as a ‘corrupt practice’ under section 123 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, it acknowledged that in reality distribution of free gifts by political parties does influence the electorate and” shakes the root of free and fair elections to a large degree’.

2. Consider the following statements regarding DECTIN-1
a. It is expressed in the lungs of human beings.
b. It helps in limiting allergic reactions to dust mites, shrimp and other invertebrates.
Which of the following statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

3. Consider the following statements with reference to Insulin Management expert (IME-9)
a. It is combination of five plant extracts, was developed by Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences.
b. It may create side effects like low blood sugar, feeling anxious, jittery.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

4. Consider the following statements
a. Type 1 diabetes is caused when the body’s immune system kills the beta cells (cells responsible for producing insulin).
b. Type 2 diabetes is caused when your body loses sensitivity to insulin or fails to respond to the insulin produced by the body.
c. Type 2 diabetes has no link to family history and lineage in comparison with type 1.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1,2 only b. 2,3 only c. All are correct d. 3 only
Solution: A
Type 2 diabetes has a stronger link to family history and lineage than type 1.

5. Consider the following statements with reference to India’s initiatives in vaccine research
a. National Biopharma Mission.
b. Indo-US Vaccine Action Program.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution:C

6. Consider the following statements
a. Water is widely distributed across the Moon.
b. It can be used as drinking water for astronauts.
c. It also helpful for rocket fuel purposes.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1,2 only b. 2,3 only c.1 only d. All are correct
Solution: D
Analysis of data from Chandrayan-1 and NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter confirms the above statements. The water converted to hydrogen and oxygen to make rocket fuel.

7. Consider the following statements
a. New neurons development stops with age of 10.
b. Neurons are responsible for sending, receiving, and interpreting information.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
Neurons in the brain are created even after a person reaches adulthood. It helps in indentifying sensory stimuli such as smell.

8. What among the following statements is NOT true about the procedure to remove the judge of a Supreme Court of India?
1. The judge of the Supreme Court may be removed from his current office by an simple order of the President
2. There are only two grounds of removal: incapacity or proved misbehavior
3. So far, no judge of the Supreme Court has been removed by impeachment.
4. The procedure for the removal of the judges is regulated by the Judges Enquiry Act (1968)
Which of the above statements are correct?
a) Only 1 b) Only 2 c) Only 2 and 4 d) All are true
Solution: A

9. Consider the following statements
a. Immune cells called EOSINOPHILS that normally defend the body against parasitic worms.
b. The immune cells could not damage the intestine.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A

10. Which of the following are correct regarding the SWIFT?
a. A secure financial message carrier
b. It transports messages from one bank to its intended bank recipient.
c. It is global member owned cooperative that is headquartered in Brussles, Belgium.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 and 2 only b) 2 only c) 1, 2 and 3 only d) None
Solution: C

11. Consider the following statements
a. The CAG is the external auditor of Government-owned corporations and conducts supplementary audit of government companies.
b. The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees (PACs) and Committees on Public Undertakings (COPUs).
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

12. Consider the following statements
a. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Central-Asian political, economic, and security organisation.
b. India is the founding member of SCO.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.

13. Which of the following can be issued to foreign nationals?
a. Aadhaar b. PAN c. Driving license d. All
Solution: D

14. Consider the following statements regarding Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
a. The Centre has decided to set up a single, permanent Tribunal to adjudicate all inter-State river water disputes.
b. The total time period for adjudication of dispute has been fixed at maximum of four and half years.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d.None of the above
Solution: C

15. Consider the following statements
a. X ray Computed Tomography is used to check for skull fractures and brain haemorrhage.
b. CT scan referral by doctor have to be met with the criteria indicated by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence and Canadian CT Head Rule.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a) 1 only b) 2only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: C

16. Which of the following are the correct statements?
a. IIT Chennai researchers develop 3D scar tissue model for screening drugs.
b. Scar is an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after injury.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: B
IIT Delhi researchers have developed.

17. Consider the following statements
a. Sea weeds is known to be rich in compounds such as lipopeptides and amides.
b. the sea weed named, “Turbinaria ornata” proved to be an effective anti corrosion agent.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a) 1 only b) 2only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: C

18. Which of the following countries shares border with Syria?
a. Turkey
b. Lebanon
c. Israel
d. Jordan
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1and 2 only b) 2and 3 only c) 1,2 and 3 only d) All are correct
Solution: D

19. Consider the following statements regarding Siruvani River
a. Siruvani Waterfalls and the dam named after them are located 35 km (22 mi) west of Coimbatore in the Western Ghats.
b. The reservoir at Siruvani was built for Tamil Nadu by the Kerala government with funds collected by the Tamil Nadu government.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
a) 1 only b) 2only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: C

20. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the CBI?
a. It is operating under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
b. The CBI is headed by the Cabinet Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister.
a) 1 only b) 2only c) Both are correct d) None of the above
Solution: D

“Current affairs pulse – 24th Feb, 2018”

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1. Consider the following statements with respect to H-1B visa
a. It is an immigrant visa in the USA.
b. It is regulated through Immigration and Nationality Act.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
The H1B visa is a non-immigrant visa in the United States that allows companies to employ foreigners for a period of up to six years under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

2. Consider the following statements
a. Lokpal will consist of a chairperson and a maximum of eight members.
b. They are selected by a committee which consists PM, Speaker of Lok Sabha, leader of opposition in Lok Sabha, Chief Justice of India or a sitting Supreme Court judge nominated by CJI.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

3. Consider the following statements with reference to Financial Action Task Force
a. FATF is an initiative of G20.
b. FATF is aimed to develop policies to combat money laundering. In 2001 its mandate expanded to include terrorism financing.
c. The FATF decided to put Pakistan on the watch list for terror financing.
Select the correct statement is/is given below.
a. 2 & 3 only b. 1, 2 only c. 3 only d. 1 & 3 only
Solution: A
It is an initiative of G7.

4. Consider the following statement with respect to NIA
a. It is a central agency which came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act.
b. A State Government may request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the NIA.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

5. Which of the following are the functions of Chief secretary of state
a. Secretary to the Cabinet.
b. Head of state Cabinet secretariat.
c. Ensuring inter departmental coordination
d. Advisor to the CM
Select the correct statement is/is given below.
a. 2,3 & 4 only b. 1, 2 only c. 1,2, & 3 only d. All are correct
Solution: D

6. Consider the following statements regarding UDAN scheme, Regional Connectivity Scheme
a. It is a market-based mechanism in which airlines bid for seat subsidies.
b. It comes under the Ministry of Transport
Which of the following is/are correct?
a. 1 only b.2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
It comes under the Ministry of Civil Aviation.

7. Consider the following statements
a. National Air Quality Index comes under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
b. Respective State Pollution Control Boards has been operating National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP) covering its own cities and monitoring stations.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
The Central Pollution Control Board along with State Pollution Control Boards has been operating National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP) covering 240 cities of the country having more than 342 monitoring station.
Please see the “Weather Watch” column in The Hindu regularly

8. The App “AAYKAR SETU” is released by
a. Central Board of Direct Taxes
b. NITI Aayog
c. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
d. CSIR
Solution: A
The Central Board of Direct Taxes has recently launched an app ‘Aaykar Setu’. The app helps you to file income tax return (ITR) online, locate the nearest Tax Return Prepares (TRP), provides calculators and other tools, helps you manage your PAN and TDS.

9. Central Zoo Authority : Wildlife Protection (amendment) Act, 1991
National Biodiversity Authority: Biodiversity Act, 2002
National Green Tribunal : Environmental Protection Act, 1986
Which of the following is/ are correct pairs?
a). 1 and 2 only b). 1 and 3 only c). All are correct d). 2, 3 only
Solution: A
The National Green Tribunal has been established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act 2010 for effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment

10. The objectives of NHM are summarised as under:
a. Reduction in child and maternal mortality
b. Prevention and control of communicable diseases only.
c. Access to integrated comprehensive primary health care.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B
The objectives of NHM are summarised as under:
• Reduction in child and maternal mortality
• Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, including locally endemic diseases.
• Access to integrated comprehensive primary health care.
• Population stabilisation, gender and demographic balance.
• Revitalize local health traditions & mainstream AYUSH.
• Universal access to public services for food and nutrition, sanitation and hygiene and universal access to public health care services with emphasis on services addressing women’s and children’s health and universal immunisation.
• Promotion of healthy life styles.

11. A person to be appointed as a High Court Judge should have the following qualification:
a. He should have held a judicial office in India for ten years
b. He should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1only b. 2only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A

12. Consider the following statements
a. The Scheme UDAY is the financial turnaround and revival package for electricity distribution companies.
b. After joining in the UDAY, Tamil Nadu performs well progress in discom performance.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
Tamil nadu has been ranked lowest in terms of state discoms’ quarterly performance as of December 2017, post joining the centre’s UDAY.

13. Consider the following statements regarding Lt Governor functions
1. She/he appoints the Chief Minister of Delhi
2. The LG of Delhi has “Executive Functions” that allow him to exercise his powers in matters connected to public order, police and land.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both 1 and 2 d. None of the above
Solution: B
The President of India, on the advice of the lieutenant governor, appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.
The LG of Delhi has “Executive Functions” that allow him to exercise his powers in matters connected to public order, police and land “in consultation with the Chief Minister, if it is so provided under any order issued by the President under Article 239 of the Constitution”.

14. Consider the following statements with reference to PM Ujjawala Yojana
a. It is aimed at providing 5 Crore LPG connections in the name of women in BPL households across the country.
b. The identification of BPL is based on 2011 census.
Which of the following is/are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: B
The identification of BPL is based on Socio Caste Economic Census.

15. Consider the following statements
a. KUSUM (Kisan Urja Suraksha Evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan) aims to incentivise farmers to run solar farm water pumps and use barren land for generating solar power to have extra income.
b. Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer Welfare is taken care of this scheme.
Select the correct statement is/is given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy takes responsibility of this scheme.

16. What does the new H1B reform consists?
a. Increasing the minimum salary for visa holders
b. Removing the ‘per country’ cap.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
Increasing the minimum salary for visa holders to be $130,000, more than double the current minimum. This would mean that companies would have to either pay rather highly for the skilled workers, or not choose foreign employees in favour of American citizens.
The H1B visa bill removes the ‘per country’ cap for employment based immigrant visas.
It sets aside 20% of the annually allocated H1B visas for small NOTES companies and start-up employers (50 or fewer employers) to ensure small businesses have an opportunity to compete for high skilled workers.

“Current affairs pulse – 23rd Feb, 2018”

0

1. Consider the following statements
a. The Khalistan movement is a Sikh nationalist movement that wants to create an independent state for Sikh people, via armed struggle.
b. It was started during the independence period.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
The Khalistan movement is a Sikh nationalist movement that wants to create an independent state for Sikh people, via armed struggle or political, inside the current North-Western Republic of India Such a state existed in Punjab from 1709 to 1849.

2. The report titled “Every Child Alive” is released by
a. WHO
b. UNICEF
c. UNDP
d. EU
Solution: B

3. Consider the following statements with reference to recent Supreme Court judgement on Cauvery water dispute
a. Rivers are the national assets. No state can claim ownership over the rivers.
b. Cauvery Management Board will be created to implement the final order of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal instead of Cauvery Water Regulatory Authority.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A

4. Consider the following statements with respect to Mudra Scheme
a. The scheme facilitates to withdraw the money from any ATM with Mudra card
b. The same Mudra card can be used in POS machines to purchase.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

5. Consider the following statements with reference to Olive Ridley Turtle
a. It is found in warm waters of Pacific and Indian oceans.
b. It is recognized as Vulnerable by IUCN Red list.
c. Gahirmatha beach is known as world’s largest rookery of this species.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c.1,2,3 d. 3 only
Solution: C

6. Consider the following statements
a. Two Karnataka students have created a ‘Bluetooth enabled route guiding helmet’.
b. The helmet comes equipped with a Bluetooth speaker and can be used with smart phones map apps.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

7. Which authority is entrusted with the task of overseeing implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in India
a. NITI Aayog.
b. PMO.
c. Cabinet ministers
d. None of the Above
Solution: A

8. Consider the following statements
a. Harvard scientists have developed a soft, crawling robotic snake using Krigami.
b. These soft robots could be used in exploration, inspection and search rescue missions.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
Krigami is an ancient Japanese paper cutting technique.

9. Consider the following statements
a. A supernova is a transient astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a massive star’s life.
b. This causes the sudden appearance of a “new” bright star, before slowly fading from sight over several weeks or months.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above.
Solution: C

10. Consider the following statements
1. An Internet Bot is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet.
2. It is also known as web robot.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

11. The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act aimed for
a. eliminating both revenue deficit and fiscal deficit
b. giving flexibility to RBI for inflation management
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: B
FRBM Act had the objective of ensuring prudence in fiscal management by eliminating revenue deficit, REDUCING ( and not eliminating ) fiscal deficit, establishing improved debt management and improving transparency in a medium term framework with quantitative targets to be adhered by the state with regard to deficit measures and debt management. The act was also expected to give necessary flexibility to Reserve Bank of India(RBI) for managing inflation in India.

12. Consider the following statements
a. Neonatal mortality is the number of babies dying in their first month for every thousand live births.
b. As per UNICEF report, India has achieved well progress in reducing the neonatal mortality.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
The report, produced by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), ranks India behind poorer countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal and Rwanda. Hope, because the ranking shows that financial resources are not the biggest constraint in improving this health indicator; political will is.

13. Shishu Loan : Up to 50,000
Kishore Loan : Rs. 50,000-5 lakh
Tarun Loan : Rs. 5 lakh-10 lakh
Select the correct pair/s regarding MUDRA loans
a). 1,2 b). 1.3 c). All are correct d). 2, 3
Solution: C

14. Consider the following statements with respect to Prime Minister Research Fellows
a. The scheme allows direct admissions in IISc/IITs for PhD programmes.
b. It comes under the Ministry of Human Resources Development.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

15. Consider the following statements regarding National Electric Mobility Mission Plan
a. It aims to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in the country.
b. Government has launched the scheme namely FAME India under NEMMP 2020.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

16. Consider the following statements regarding Consumer Protection Bill, 2018
a. The bill covers transactions, both online and offline and includes the teleshopping and multi level marketing.
b. The bill mandates to establish the Central Consumer Protection Authority.
Which of the above statements are incorrect?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: D

17. Consider the following statements with respect to Blockchain technology
a. The blockchain database isn’t stored in any single location, meaning the records it keeps are truly public and easily verifiable.
b. It can be hosted by millions of computers simultaneously.
c. Its data is accessible to anyone on the internet.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c. 3 only d. 1, 2, 3
Solution: D

18. With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon
a. Legislative function
b. Executive function
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1only b. 2only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: D

19. Consider the following statements with respect to CRPF
a. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs.
b. The CRPF’s primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter insurgency.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

20. Which of the following statements are true?
a. IBC is to rule out ambiguities in Insolvency resolution process.
b. Insolvency Resolution Professional (IRP) drafts a plan called Resolution Plan.
c. IBC increases Ease of doing business.

a. 1 and 2 only b. 2 and 3 only c. 3 only d. 1, 2, 3
Solution: D

“Current affairs pulse – 22nd Feb, 2018”

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1. Consider the following statements with reference to Registering a new political party with Election commission
a. The party constitution shall be mandatorily allegiance to the cardinal principles that are mentioned in the Preamble of Indian constitution.
b. A political party shall be treated as a recognised political party in a State if the party has been engaged in political activity for a continuous period of five years.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
Statement (b) is true but it is for recognition of party in the state where as it has no relation with registration of new political party with election commission.

2. Consider the following statements
a. Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life.
b. Chronic heavy drinking is a major factor for all types of dementia.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

3. Consider the following statements
a. The Orion Crew Survival Systems Suits, a new spacesuit, is developed by European Space Agency.
b. The spacesuit includes a waste disposal system which will allow astronauts to remain in their spacesuits for up to 6 days.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: B
It is developed by NASA.

4. Who is the first Indian Women to fly a fighter aircraft solo?
a. Avani Chaturvedi b. Radhika Menon c. Padmavathy Bandopadhyay d. None of the Above
Solution: A

5. Consider the following statements
a. eNAM is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market.
b. The Government unveiled mobile payment facility BHIM.
c. eNAM facility is available in Hindi and English only.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1,2 only b. 2,3 only c. All are correct d. 3 only
Solution: A
The eNAM website is now available in Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali and Odia besides Hindi and English, while the eNAM trading facility is available in six languages.

6. What is Artificial intelligence?
a. Putting your intelligence into Computer
b. Programming with your own intelligence
c. Making a Machine intelligent
d. Putting more memory into Computer
Solution: C
Because AI is to make things work automatically through machine without using human effort. Machine will give the result with just giving input from human. That means the system or machine will act as per the requirement.

7. Consider the following statements
a. A blockchain is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography.
b. Blockchain is inherently resistant to modification of the data.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both are correct d) None of the Above
Solution: C

8. Fiscal consolidation is one of the objectives of India’s economic policy. Which of the following would help in fiscal consolidation?
a. increasing taxes
b. increasing more Government Spending
c. reducing the further government loans
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a. 1 and 2 only b. 1 and 3 only c. 2 and 3 only d. 1, 2 and 3
Solution: B
Fiscal consolidation is a process where government’s fiscal health is getting improved and is indicated by reduced fiscal deficit. Improved tax revenue realization and better aligned expenditure are the components of fiscal consolidation as the fiscal deficit reaches at a manageable level.

9. Consider the following statements
a. Repo rate is rate at which RBI lends to commercial banks generally against government securities.
b. It is fixed by Monetary Policy Committee.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

10. Which of the following is an effect of inflation?
a. Erosion in purchasing power
b. Affects relative price of goods
c. Increase in inequalities of income
d. All the above.
Solution: D

11. Consider the following statements
a. NITI Aayog recommended to go for strategic disinvestment of loss making PSUs to the DIPAM
b. The DIPAM is come under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Which of the above statements are correct?
a.1only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: A
The DIPAM is come under the Ministry of Finance

12. Consider the following statements with reference to Joint Parliamentary Committee
a. The committees include MPs from both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
b. It is an ad-hoc body.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C
A structured committee system was introduced in 1993 to provide for greater scrutiny of government functioning by Parliament. Most committees of Parliament include MPs from both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. A Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) is an ad-hoc body. It is set up for a specific object and duration. Joint committees are set up by a motion passed in one house of Parliament and agreed to by the other. The details regarding membership and subjects are also decided by Parliament.

13. Consider the following statements with respect to Cauvery Management Board
a. The board is a permanent body under the Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation.
b. The Board will take over operation and maintenance of eight dams on the Cauvery basin.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: A
The proposed Cauvery Management Board (CMB) will not take over operation and maintenance (O&M) of eight dams on the Cauvery basin, but will only regulate the release of water in accordance with the final award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal as per water availability.

14. Which of the following countries have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea?
a. Turkey
b. Syria
c. Lebanon
d. Israel
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a. 1, 2 and 3 only b. 2, 3 and 4 only c. 1 and 4 only d. 1,2,3,4
Solution: D

15. Consider the following with respect to Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)
a. SWIFT is messaging network that connects banks and other financial institutions across the world.
b. SWIFT plays key role in recent Punjab National Bank fraud case
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the Above
Solution: C

16. Consider the following statements with respect to FCRA
a. Donation given by Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) is not treated as ‘foreign contribution’.
b. Donation given by an individual of Indian origin and having foreign nationality is treated as ‘foreign contribution’
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

17. Consider the following statements with respect to NIA
a. It is statutory body.
b. NIA is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in India.
Which of the above statements are correct?
a. 1 only b. 2 only c. Both are correct d. None of the above
Solution: C

18. What is cyberheist?
a. A large scale monetary theft conducted through computer hacking, the online equivalent of the real-world bank heists.
b. A computer system is subjected to or threatened with repeated denial of service or other attacks by malicious hackers.
c. It is a form of bullying or harassment using electronic means.
d. None of the Above
Solution: A

19. The RBI can increase the money supply in the market by:
a. selling government securities
b. buying government securities
c. borrowing money from commercial banks
d. none of the above
Solution: B

20. Which institute has won the ‘Best (Oral) Presentation Certificate ‘at an international conference on ‘Clean and Green Energy’ in Paris?
a. IIT Chennai.
b. IIT Kharagpur
c. IIT Delhi
d. None of the Above
Solution: B

” Editorial made simple – DBT in fertilizer “

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DBT in fertilizer

  • DBT in fertilizer envisages transfer of subsidy to manufacturers upon authentication of purchase by farmers. This restricts diversion, prevents leakages, and brings about greater transparency, accountability and efficiency.
  • The Standing Committee on Chemicals and Fertilizers (2016-17), in its 36th Action Taken Report, has recently emphasised that while implementing DBTs, subsidy should be disbursed directly to the farmer’s bank account. This requires serious consideration while Phase-I is implemented and stabilised.
  • The committee set up by NITI Aayog decided to roll out the pilot on DBT in fertilizers in 16 districts. Since then DBT in fertilizers has been rolled out in 19 States and Union Territories and 12 States are expected to come on board this month.
  • In another three months, DBT in fertilizers is expected to expand its footprint in the entire country. These initiatives have been supplemented with allied processes set in motion by the Department of Fertilizers.
  • The main challenge has been connectivity, like other IT-based initiatives, especially in rural areas. While this has been addressed through flexibility in choosing the connectivity option (Wifi, LAN, PSTN) or use of external antenna to improve signal strength, other options have also been considered.
  • An independent evaluation agency appointed by NITI Aayog conducted two rounds of surveys of the pilot districts to get ground-level feedback. In the latest round, they surveyed 5,659 farmers and 427 retailers across 14 districts in addition to government officials and stakeholders in six States.

The key findings included:
• the Aadhaar authentication strike rate increased to as high as 97% in three attempts;
• 85% of farmers received transaction receipts,
• 98% were charged the same amount as mentioned in the receipt;
• the grievance redress mechanism has improved and 79% retailers are satisfied.

  • Interestingly, despite initial challenges, a majority of farmers (and retailers) prefer the DBT system.
  • The challenges posed during implementation are being addressed in real time. Innovative solutions — such as making the application device agnostic so that retailers can use desktops, laptops, tablets, smartphones, etc. to run the application — are expected to help.
  • The revamped toll-free number will soon allow conversations in regional languages. Reducing the waiting time for farmers purchasing fertilizers is important. While Aadhaar is the preferred form of identification of buyers, other forms of identification may also be used.