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Important Current Affairs – 21-07-2017

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National News:-

1)Ram Nath Kovind elected India’s 14th President:-

  • Ram Nath Kovind was declared elected as India’s 14th President polling 65.6% of the vote defeating the Opposition’s joint candidate, former Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar, who secured 34% of the vote.
  • Mr. Kovind will be the second Dalit President of India after late President K.R. Narayanan
    Also, he will be first from Uttar Pradesh and the first person from the BJP to hold the office of President since Independence.
  • He entered politics in 1994 when he became a member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh and served as an MP for two consecutive terms till 2006.
  • He had represented India in the United Nations in New York and addressed United Nations General Assembly in October 2002.
  • On August 8, 2015, Kovind was appointed governor of Bihar.

2)Centre, Haryana Govt. ink pact to revive River Saraswati:-

  • The Centre and the Government of Haryana joined hands to revive the long lost River Saraswati and provide water to the drought-prone areas of India.
  • Union Minister of State for Petroleum and Natural Gas (Independent Charge) Dharmendra Pradhan and Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar witnessed the signing of the Memorandum of Agreement.

3)FM formally launched Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana:-

  • The Union Minister for Finance, Defence and Corporate Affairs has formally launched the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY) in the national capital.
  • PMVVY is a Pension Scheme announced by the Government of India exclusively for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above which is available from 4th May, 2017 to 3rd May, 2018.
  • The Scheme can be purchased offline as well as online through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India which has been given the sole privilege to operate this Scheme.
  • Scheme provides an assured return of 8% p.a. payable monthly (equivalent to 8.30% p.a. effective) for 10 years.

4)Telangana puts cap on school bag weight:-

  • Acting on proposals submitted by the Commissioner and Director of School Education, the Telangana School Education Department issued strict guidelines to reduce the weight of school bags for children in the State.
  • Schools including aided and un-aided private schools have to follow guidelines.
  • The guidelines limit the number and weight of books and notebooks students bring to the classroom.

5)Telangana: Janahitha launches to receive complaints from public:-

  • In Telangana, an innovative programme christened Janahitha was launched to receive complaints from public through a special portal.
  • The programme, kickstarted in Suryapet district on pilot basis is aimed at facilitating the public to submit their complaints on line and get speedy redressal.

International News:-

1)India-Australia Relations:-

  • India is Australia’s ninth largest trading partner, with boundless potential for growth
    Indian-origin residents are the fourth largest group of overseas-born Australians
    Australia-India Exercise (AUSINDEX): Military cooperation between Australia and India includes the regular joint naval exercise AUSINDEX

MoU signed in recent Australian PM visit:-

  • MoU on Cooperation in Sports.
  • MoU on Cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine.
  • MoU on Cooperation in the field of Environment, Climate and Wildlife.
  • MoU for Promotion and Development of Cooperation in Civil Aviation Security
  • MoU on Cooperation in Combatting International Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime.
  • Implementation arrangement between ISRO and Geoscience Australia on Cooperation in Earth Observation and Satellite Navigation.

2)Miyako Strait:-

  • It is also known as the Kerama Gap
  • It is a waterway which lies between Miyako Island and Okinawa Island.
  • The Miyako Strait is of global geopolitical significance, as it is one of the few international waterways for China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy to access the Pacific Ocean from the East China Sea.
  • It is become an issue between Japan and China recently.

3)Egyptian vulture:-

  • The Egyptian vulture ( Neophron percnopterus ) is classified under the ‘Endangered’ (EN) red list of the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN).
  • The species is popularly known as safed giddh (white vulture) in Hindi.
    According to BirdLife International, a global partnership of organisations working for the conservation of birds, the present global breeding population of the Egyptian vulture is estimated to be 12,000 to 38,000 individuals.
  • Habitat Niche : Egyptian vultures usually build their nests on the cliffs of mountains, roofs of buildings and on tree-tops.
  • Food Niche of the species : The species rarely hunt its food — the birds mostly feed on dead carcasses of animals, birds and reptiles. They eat eggs and sometimes, in the absence of animal carcasses, switch over to household solid waste like rotten fruits and vegetables.

Economic News:-

1)ICICI Bank offers up to Rs. 15 lakh instant personal loan via ATMs:-

  • ICICI Bank has launched a facility whereby its existing salaried customers can avail personal loans at ATMs.
  • These customers can get pre-qualified personal loans up to 15 lakhs in their savings account instantly.
  • Through this offering, a customer can get personal loans of upto Rs. 15 lakh for a fixed tenure of 60 months.

2)ADB cuts India inflation outlook to 4% in 2017-18:-

  • India’s inflation is likely to average 4% in 2017-18, sharply lower than the estimate made at the beginning of the financial year of 5.2%, Asian Development Bank (ADB) said in its outlook supplement.
  • ADB also said that India is expected to achieve its earlier April forecasts of 7.4% growth in 2017-18 and 7.6% in 2018-19, primarily due to strong consumption.

Awards:-

1)Lokmat Parliamentary Awards 2017:-

  • Lokmat newspaper has taken a step towards honouring best Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha members for their achievements by introducing the Lokmat Parliamentary Awards 2017.

Lok Sabha:-

  • Lifetime Achievement Award – LK Advani
  • Best Parliamentarian Award 2016 – NK Premachandran
  • Best Woman Parliamentarian Award 2016 – Kumari Sushmita Dev
  • Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian Award 2016 – Meenakshi Lekhi

Rajya Sabha:-

  • Lifetime Achievement Award – Sharad Yadav
  • Best Parliamentarian Award 2016 – Sitaram Yechury
  • Best Woman Parliamentarian Award 2016- Jaya Bachchan
  • Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian Award 2016 – Rajani Patil

Important Current Affairs from (19-07-2017 & 20-07-2017)

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National News:-

1)Kolkata to host global business meet in Nov:-

  • The Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC), in association with the West Bengal government, will host Horasis Asia Meeting, a global business meet, in Kolkata in November.
    • The two-day business meet, starting November 26, will focus on sustainable business practices in various areas, including power and energy, said Shashwat Goenka, President, ICC.
    • Goenka has been recently elected President of the industry body.

2)Venkaiah’s portfolios distributed between Smriti Irani, Tomar:-

  • The portfolios of M. Venkaiah Naidu, the vice-presidential candidate of the National Democratic Alliance, were reallocated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    • Union Textile Minister Smriti Irani was given additional charge of Information and Broadcasting, while Rural Development Minister Narendra Tomar took over the Urban Development Ministry.

3)J&K bags best award in adventure tourism destination:-

  • The J&K Tourism Department has received the award in the category of ‘Best Adventure Tourism Destination and Eco-Tourism Destination’ at a 3-Day event organized by Indian International Travel Mart, Chennai.
    • Deputy Director Tourism (Publicity) Peerzada Zahoor who was representing the J&K State received the award.
    • During the Travel Mart, J&K stall which was beautifully decorated attracted huge visitors mostly locals and travel agents.

4)Shala Siddhi Prohatsan Yojana started in 25,000 MP schools:-

  • In order to provide qualitative education to the students, ‘Hamari Shala Kaisi Ho’ and ‘Shala Siddhi Karyakram’ are being implemented by the School Education department in Government schools of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The State Education Centre has started Shala Siddhi Prohatsan Yojana to encourage best works under this programme.
  • The Shala Siddhi Prohatsan Yojana has been started in 25,000 schools of the State till date.

5)Kerala emerge champs at national inter-state meet:-

  • Kerala emerged champions with 159 points as the 57th National Inter-State Championships ended on a high note at the Acharya Nagarjuna University ground in Guntur.
  • Tamil Nadu (110) came on second position and Haryana (101) on third. at the end of the 4-day event.
  • Anu R. (400m, Kerala) finished the championships as the best woman athlete with 1105 points while Davinder Singh Kang (Javelin Throw, Punjab) was the top athlete among men with 1127 points.

International News:-

1)Nelson Mandela International Day – 18 July:-

  • Nelson Mandela International Day (or Mandela Day) is celebrated every year on 18th July to honour the former Nobel Prize winner.
    • The United Nations officially declared this day in November 2009. Mandela was former President of South Africa.

2)South Korea launches contest in Chandigarh to promote tourism:-

  • To promote South Korea as a tourist destination, its government is involving school students in Chandigarh and of nearby cities in a contest.
  • Tourism contributes five per cent to South Korea’s Gross Domestic Product. On an average 200,000 tourists from India visit the country every year.
  • Bollywood star Shah Rukh Khan has been the Goodwill Ambassador of South Korea since April 2014.

3)India among 5 countries that faced most terror attacks in 2016:-

  • More than half of the terror attacks in the world in 2016 took place in five countries, including India and Pakistan, a senior US counter-terror official has said.
  • The total number of terror attacks in 2016 were lower than in 2015.
  • Fifty-five per cent of all attacks took place in Iraq, Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and the Philippines, and 75 per cent of all deaths due to terrorist attacks took place in Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria, and Pakistan.

4)Australia joins International Solar Alliance:-

  • Australia became the 35th country to join the International Solar Alliance, an initiative launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in November 2015 in Paris.
  • It is co-led by India and France.
  • The aim was to support developing countries to boost their solar production capacity.
  • The solar alliance, whose head office is in India, has grown stronger in the past two years with more countries joining the group and signing the agreement.

Economic News:-

1)Cabinet approves selling 51% stake in HPCL to ONGC:-

  • The Cabinet has given an in-principle approval to sell the government’s entire 51.11 per cent stake in Hindustan Petroleum Corp Ltd to Oil and Natural Gas Corp in a bid to create a state-run integrated oil major that can compete with private and foreign players.
  • ONGC chairman Dinesh Sarraf said the shareholders of both companies would gain from the deal.
  • The combined market value of ONGC and HPCL would be $42 billion.

2)Google launches job applicant management tool ‘Hire’:-

  • Google officially released a new tool named ‘Hire’ to help small and medium sized businesses recruit talent.
  • The service is built on G Suite and will allow employers to track candidates’ contact information, resume details and calendar invites.
  • It will allow business partners to share feedback within the candidate’s profile.

3)RBI has set up an Enforcement Department (EFD):-

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has informed that they have set up an Enforcement Department (EFD).
    • EFD would serve as a centralised department to speed up regulatory compliance.
    • EFD has been set up to separate those who oversee the possible rule breaches and those who decide on punitive actions so that enforcement process operates fairly and is evidence based.
    • The EFD has become functional with effect from April 03, 2017.

4)India is among the fastest growing economies: World Bank:-

  • According to the World Bank’s latest edition of the Global Economic Prospects, India is the fourth fastest growing economy in the world.
    • The World Bank has pegged India’s growth rate at 7.2 for the current year on the back of rising export and increase in government spending.
    • In terms of growth rate, India is placed behind smaller economies of Estonia, Uzbekistan and Nepal.

“Current Affairs News – 18/07/2017”

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Current Affairs News:-

Source: THE HINDU

1)Tribunal prohibits dumping of waste near Ganga banks:-

Click here to read the news

2)EU, India set up fund for investments:-

Click here to read the news

3)What is the Saraswati supercluster?

Click here to read the news

4)Odisha starts air-dropping of food packets in flood-hit Rayagada dist:-

Click here to read the news

5)Chinese Army conducts live-fire drills in Tibet:-

Click here to read the news

6)Sarpanch’s election direct; Opposition cries foul:-

Click here to read the news

7)Super-flexible and strong artificial silk developed:-

Click here to read the news

8)Heritage history: the Nalukettu houses of Kerala:-

Click here to read the news

9)Malaria drug shields foetus from Zika:-

Click here to read the news

Important Current Affairs from (15-07-2017 to 18-07-2017)

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National News:-

1)Gadkari inaugurated road congress meet in Udaipur:-

  • Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari has inaugurated 212th meeting of Indian Road Congress (IRC) in Udaipur.
  • The Indian Road Congress is the apex body of highway engineers in the country.

2)NGT Sets Rs 50,000 Fine for Dumping Waste Within 500 Metres of Ganga:-

  • The National Green Tribunal passed a slew of directions to rejuvenate River Ganga, declaring as ‘No-Development Zone’ an area of 100 metres from the edge of the river between Haridwar and Unnao and prohibiting dumping of waste within 500 metres from the river.
  • A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar also declared that an environment compensation of Rs 50,000 will be imposed on anyone who dumps waste in the river.

3)Railways Launches ‘SAARTHI’ App:-

  • Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu launched a new integrated mobile app “SAARTHI – c” for passengers.
    • This new app will allow passengers to book tickets, enquiry, on-board cleaning and ordering meal on a single platform.
    • The new SAARTHI app also includes features such as safety for women, complaint facility and suggestion for improvement.

4)MSDE celebrates Second Anniversary of Skill India Mission:-

  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) celebrated the second anniversary of Skill India Mission on the World Youth Skills day.
  • 100 GST training centres, 51 Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras and 100 Yoga training centres were inaugurated on the occasion.
  • On the occasion, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) announced a national training Programme to certify GST practitioners under its flagship scheme of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY).
  • This would facilitate the country’s transition to the new tax regime seamless and convenient.
  • During the event, an MoU was inked between the skill development ministry and the water resources ministry. The MoU intends to develop skilled manpower for laying sewerage pipeline, construction of toilets, waste collection and its disposal activities.

5)Matunga becomes India’s first railway station run by women:-

  • In a bid to empower women, Central Railway has appointed all women staff at suburban Matunga station.
  • Matunga station has thus become country’s first women special station.
  • D K Sharma, general manager of Central Railway, who floated the idea of all ladies station,  “We are convinced that there is no tool for development more effective than empowering our women and this special station speaks all about it.”

6)Panel on Ganga cleaning law proposes two new bodies:-

  • An official panel, framing a draft law on the cleaning of the Ganga, has proposed a two- tiered mechanism to replace two existing bodies which are implementing the Namami Gange Programme.
  • The panel has recommended establishing an integrated development council (IDC) with the prime minister as its ex- officio chairperson. The IDC is proposed to replace the existing National Council for Ganga, which is also chaired by the PM.
  • Besides, it has suggested setting up the National River Ganga Basin Management Corporation (NRGBMC) to be headed by the water resources minister. It is proposed to replace the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).

7)Operation Muskan launched in Odisha:-

  • Operation Muskan, a month-long drive to rescue Odisha’s missing children, was launched by the State police.
  • This is the third edition launched by the Crime Branch in association with the Women and Child Development Department.

8)9th Slum Yuva Run flagged off by Sports Minister Vijay Goel:-

  • Union Minister of Youth Affairs & Sports Shri Vijay Goel flagged off the 9th Slum Yuva Daud with Minister of Power Shri Piyush Goyal, Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju, Parvesh Verma M. P. and Olympic medalist wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt.
  • The run started from Sahib Singh Verma Park (Kakrola Village) and ended at SDMC Community Hall (Dwarka Sec-17).
  • The Slum Yuva Daud is part of the Adopt Slum Campaign initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan. Total 11 Slum Yuva Runs have been planned out of which 9 have already been successful with mass participation youth from various Delhi slums.

9)J-K govt launches weekly festival at Dal Lake:-

  • The spectacular Dal Lake in Srinagar hosted first ever ‘Cultrue of Cruise’, a weeekly cultural programme organised by the Jammu and Kashmir government aimed to bring artists from various fields on one stage.
    • The JKAACL in association with the tourism department of Kashmir launched the event.

10)Tata Motors develops country’s first biomethane bus:-

  • Tata Motors has developed country’s first Bio-CNG (bio-methane) bus which was unveiled recently at a bio-energy programme, ‘Urja Utsav’.
    • The firm, which is India’s largest commercial vehicles manufacturer, said the bio-methane engines could be used in LCV, ICV and MCV buses.
    • At the Urja Utsav held in Pune’s Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, Tata displayed three engines, along with the lead model — Tata LPO 1613 with 5.7 SGI NA BS-IV IOBD-II compliant bus.

11)NDA nominates Venkaiah Naidu as vice-presidential candidate:-

  • Union minister M Venkaiah Naidu has been named the vice-presidential candidate of the ruling NDA coalition.
    • Naidu is currently serving as the Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation as well as Information and Broadcasting.
    • An alliance of 18 opposition parties, including the Congress, has already announced Gopalkrishna Gandhi as its candidate for the vice-presidential poll.

12)Farooq Abdullah, Kunhalikutty take oath as Lok Sabha members:-

  • National Conference leader and former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah and Indian Union Muslim League leader PK Kunhalikutty took oath as members of the Lok Sabha.
    • Abdullah won the by-poll from the Srinagar-Budgam parliamentary constituency, defeating his Peoples Democratic Party rival Nazir Ahmed Khan by over 10,000 votes.
    • Kunhalikutty won the Malappuram by-poll in Kerala.

International News:-

1)World Youth Skills Day: July 15:-

  • The World Youth Skills Day is observed globally on 15 July.
  • It has been observed to raise awareness about the importance of youth skills development.
  • The World Youth Skill Day 2017 Theme is “Skills for the Future of Work”.

2)Eighth meeting of SAARC Ministers of Law & Order held in Colombo:-

  • The eighth meeting of the SAARC Ministers of Law and Order was held in Colombo. Indian side was led by a senior official in Ministry of Home affairs.
  • The three-day meeting was focused on the issue of tackling terrorism apart from discussing liberalization of visa, illegal trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and small arms.
  • The last meeting of SAARC Ministers was held in Pakistan where ministers highlighted the importance of initiating collective actions against terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.

3)India emerges as top trusted government in the world: Report:-

  • According to the latest edition of the OECD’s Government at a Glance report, India has emerged as the most trusted nation with 73 per cent people voting for the current government.
    • While Modi government has the confidence of 73 per cent Indians, the highest in the world, Greece stands last with 13 per cent.
    • The survey is generally conducted to test check peoples trust level on their government.

Economic News:-

1)Google most influential brand in India, says study:-

  • Google has been ranked as the most influential brand in the country while Patanjali Ayurveda and Reliance Jio figure in the top ten, according to a study by global research firm Ipsos.
    • Google is followed by Microsoft and Facebook at the second and third places, respectively.
    • Patanjali and Reliance Jio have been ranked fourth and ninth, respectively, Ipsos said in its report of the most influential brands.

2)Digital transactions ‘leapfrogged’ by 3 yrs post note ban:-

  • State Bank of India, that India has leapfrogged three years of digitisation in just seven months post demonetisation and the government’s drive to promote use of debit and credit cards at point of sale or PoS terminals.
  • According to a SBI research report, the volume of digital transactions has crossed the 70,000 crore rupee level in last seven months. It informs that banks have installed 11.8 lakh additional POS terminals to facilitate this movement.

3)Wholesale inflation falls to 0.9% in June:-

  • Wholesale inflation fell to 0(point)9 per cent in June this year as prices of food articles, including vegetables, fell.
  • The inflation figure is the lowest in at least eight months–since the availability of data for the new 2011-12 base year series.
  • Inflation based on the wholesale price index had stood at 2.17 per cent in May this year, and minus 0.09 per cent in June last year.
  • Government data released today showed that wholesale inflation in food articles stood at minus 3.47 per cent in June. Inflation in vegetables was minus 21.16 per cent, meaning that overall vegetable prices fell. Inflation in potatoes was minus 47.32 per cent in June.

4)Kharif Crop sowing crosses 563 lakh hectare area:-

  • Kharif crops have been sown in over 563 lakh hectare till date as against 521 lakh hectare last year. It is nearly 42 lakh hectare more than last year figure.
  • Crop sowing data released by the Agriculture Ministry, reveals that the rice has been sown in over 125 lakh hectare which is about five lakh hectare more than the last year.
  • Over 74 lakh hectare area has been covered under the cultivation of pulses which is more than 14 lakh hectare of the sown area under the crop last year.
  • The coarse cereals have been sown in over 113 lakh hectare, oilseeds in nearly 104 lakh hectare and cotton in over 90 lakh hectare.

5)Sensex Retreats From Record Level, Plunges by 300 Points:-

  • Retreating from its record high level, the benchmark BSE Sensex shed 300 points to be at 31,775 in opening trade today amid a weak lead from other Asian markets.
  • The wider NSE Nifty too backtracked from its all-time peak and dipped below the 9,800-level. Nifty fell by 124 points to trade at 9,792.
  • It had closed at a record high of 9,916 points in yesterday’s session.

Sports:-

1)Federer wins record eighth Wimbledon title:-

  • In a Wimbledon final Roger Federer brushed aside Marin Cilic, winning in straight sets 6-3, 6-1, 6-4.
  • To those that gathered to watch him win, the historical significance of the victory — a 19th Grand Slam, a record eight Wimbledon wins.
  • Secure him the World No. 1 ranking, with the Australian Open and Wimbledon in the bag.

Important Points:-

  • Wimbledon is one of four Grand Slam tennis tournaments. The others are the Australian Open, the French Open and the US Open.
  • Wimbledon takes place at the All England Lawn Tennis Club in London.
  • Roger Federer of Switzerland defeats Marin Cilic of Croatia in the men’s final.
    Garbine Muguruza of Spain defeats Venus Williams of the United States in the women’s final.
    Men’s Doubles:-  L. Kubot & M. Melo
    Women’s Doubles:- E. Makarova & E. Vesnina
    Mixed Doubles:- J. Murray & M. Hingis

2)Muguruza Wins 2017 Wimbledon Women’s Championship:-

  • Garbine Muguruza defeated Venus Williams 7-5, 6-0 to clinch the 2017 Wimbledon women’s singles championship, the second major title of her career.
  • The Spaniard finished as runner-up to Serena, in this same fixture two years ago but claimed some redemption after sailing to this year’s crown.

 

Daily Current Affairs – 14/07/2017

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National News:-

1)Delhi government to start online RTI portal:-

  • Delhi became the second state to launch e-RTI portal that will enable citizens to file online Right to Information (RTI).
  • The Central government had launched its own online RTI application portal in 2013, which allowed users to file queries, pay application fee and submit requests for appeal.
  • The Central government had urged the States to set up their own online application portals. Maharashtra had followed suit in 2015 with its own RTI portal.

2)Revamped NHB RESIDEX launched:-

  • Minister of Housing & Urban Affairs Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu released the new version of NHB RESIDEX on the occasion of the National Housing Bank entering its 30th year.
  • This component of RESIDEX, called Housing Price, Prices is based on actual market information.
  • The other component of RESIDEX called as Prices based on the information furnished by banks and other lending agencies showed that prices have increased in 27 of the 50 cities surveyed.

Important Points:-

  • RESIDEX, the country’s first official housing price index (HPI) was launched in 2007 covering 26 cities and was published till March, 2015 on a quarterly basis.
    Base year for the new RESIDEX has been moved from 2007 to 2012-13.

3)Varanasi to have an international center for research on rice varieties:-

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), South Asia Regional Center (ISARC) at campus of National Seed Research and Training Center (NSRTC) in Varanasi.
  • This will include a modern and sophisticated laboratory with capacity to determine quality and status of heavy metals in grain and straw.
  • The Centre will help in utilizing the rich biodiversity of India to develop special rice varieties and achieve higher per hectare yields and improved nutritional contents.

4)Cabinet approves SASEC Road Connectivity Investment Program:-

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister has given its approval for upgradation and widening of 65 kms of Imphal-Moreh Section of NH-39 in Manipur.
  • The project is being developed with ADB’s loan assistance under the South Asian Sub-Regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Road Connectivity Investment Program which aims at upgradation of road infrastructure in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and India (BBIN) in order to improve the regional connectivity among BBIN nations.
  • The project corridor is also a part of the Asian Highway No. 01 (AH01) and acts as India’s Gateway to the East.

5)India to host 8th international Theatre Olympics in 2018:-

  • Dr Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State (Independent charge) for Culture and Tourism has announced that 8th edition of the greatest carnival of Theatre in the World will take place in India for the first time ever from February 17 – April 08, 2018 simultaneously in various cities across the country.
  • The Theatre Olympics, being held in India for the first time, is being organised by National School of Drama, under the aegis of Ministry of Culture.

Important Points:-

  • The Theatre Olympics was established in 1993 in Delphi, Greece, as the first international theatre festival.
  • In 2016 the 7th Theatre Olympics were held in Wroclaw, Poland.

6)National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination in India (2017-22):-

  • Shri J P Nadda, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare launched the National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination (2017-22) at a function.
  • The Strategic Plan gives year wise elimination targets in various parts of the country depending upon the endemicity of malaria in the next 5 years.
  • Highlighting the salient features of the NSP, Shri Nadda stated that the strategies involve strengthening malaria surveillance, establishing a mechanism for early detection and prevention of outbreaks of malaria, promoting the prevention of malaria by the use of Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs), effective indoor residual spray and augmenting the manpower and capacities for effective implementation for the next five years.

7)CPWD reminded of challenges ahead as it turns 163:-

  • The public sector construction major, Central Public Works Department (CPWD) turned 163 on July 12th, 2017. On this occasion, it was reminded of the challenges ahead and the need to innovate to retain its primacy.
  • CPWD came into existence in July, 1854 when Lord Dalhousie established a central agency for execution of public works and set up Ajmer Provincial Division. It is housed under the Ministry of Urban Development.
  • Through the professional expertise in disciplines including Architecture, Engineering, Project Management coupled with comprehensive experience in building construction and maintenance CPWD has been serving the nation for last 162 years and has executed
  • priority of works in difficult and demanding geographical and climatic conditions.
    It is headed by DG who is also the Principal Technical Advisor to the Government of India. The regions and sub-regions are headed by Special DGs and Additional DGs respectively, while the zones in all state capitals (except a few) are headed by Chief Engineers.

International News:-

1)Cabinet approves SASEC Road Connectivity Investment Program:-

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister has given its approval for upgradation and widening of 65 kms of Imphal-Moreh Section of NH-39 in Manipur. The project is being developed with ADB’s loan assistance under the South Asian Sub-Regional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) Road Connectivity Investment Program.
  • The project corridor is also a part of the Asian Highway No. 01 (AH01) and acts as India’s Gateway to the East. Thus trade, commerce and tourism in the region will get a boost.

About SASEC:-

  • Established in 2001, the SASEC program is a project-based partnership to promote regional prosperity by improving cross-border connectivity, boosting trade among member countries and strengthening regional economic cooperation.
  • ADB is the secretariat and lead financier of the SASEC program, which to date has supported a total of 46 projects worth $9.17 billion in transport, trade facilitation, energy and information and communications technology (ICT).
  • The SASEC OP, endorsed in June 2016 by the SASEC member countries, is SASEC’s first comprehensive long-term plan to promote greater economic cooperation among the member countries in the areas of transport, trade facilitation, energy, and economic corridor development.

2)Cabinet approves interpretative notes between India, Bangladesh:-

  • The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the Joint Interpretative Notes (JIN) on the agreement between India and Bangladesh for the promotion and protection of investments between the two countries.
  • The JIN includes interpretative notes to be jointly adopted for many clauses, including, the definition of investor and investment, exclusion of taxation measures, Fair and Equitable Treatment (FET), National Treatment (NT) and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment, expropriation, essential security interests and settlement of disputes between an investor and a contracting party.
  • Joint Interpretative Statements play an important supplementary role in strengthening the investment treaty regime. With increasing Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) disputes, issuance of such statements was likely to have strong persuasive value before tribunals.

3)China sends PLA unit to man overseas base:-

  • China has dispatched People’s Liberation Army (PLA) personnel to man its first overseas military base at Djibouti in the strategic Indian Ocean region, a move likely to spark concerns in the U.S.

Base at Djibouti:-

  • The establishment of the PLA Djibouti base was a decision made by the two countries after friendly negotiations, and accords with the common interest of the people from both sides.
  • The base is aimed at ensuring China’s performance of missions, such as escorting, peace-keeping and humanitarian aid in Africa and West Asia.

Economic News:-

1)Bitcoin trade may come under SEBI:-

  • The government is considering the introduction of a regulatory regime for virtual or crypto currencies, such as Bitcoin, that would enable the levy of the Goods and Services Tax on their sale.
  • The new regime may possibly bring their trading under the oversight of the stock market regulator, Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
    Proper regulation of these currencies will “promote” a formal tax base, while keeping a tab on their use for illegal activities such as money laundering, terror funding and drug trafficking.
  • Crypto-currency that is planned to be brought under the regulatory regime is a digital currency which allows transacting parties to remain anonymous while confirming that the transaction is a valid one. It is not owned or controlled by any institution – governments or private.
  • There are multiple such currencies — bitcoin, ethereum, ripple are some of the popular ones. Currently, they are neither illegal nor legal in India.

2)Axis Bank ties up with IIC:-

  • Axis Bank has entered into collaboration with Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC) to facilitate trade with Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • The private sector bank, in a statement, said it is the first Indian bank to participate in the Trade Finance Facilitation Programme as a confirming bank.
  • IIC, a member of the Inter-American Development Bank Group, is a multilateral development bank committed to supporting the private sector in Latin America and the Caribbean.

3)NABARD celebrates 36th Foundation Day:-

  • Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme (SHG BLP), the pioneering initiative of Financial Inclusion by NABARD completed 25 years during this year and is well poised to deliver the savings and credit services at the doorstep of rural poor especially women through their self-managed institutions called SHGs.
  • Commemorating this occasion, NABARD has dedicated its 36th Foundation Day to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of SHG Bank Linkage Programme.
  • With more than 8.5 crore rural women as the direct participants in this mass movement, NABARD celebrated the Silver Jubilee of SHG BLP at Vigyan Bhavan in national capital on 11th July, 2017.

Books:-

1)RSS Chief releases book on “LIFE OF MODI”:-

  • The book on the life of Modi, titled Narendra Damodardas Modi: The Making of a Legend, was unveiled in Delhi in the presence of Bhagwat and Bharatiya Janata Party chief Amit Shah.
  • The book, penned by Bindeshwar Pathak, a Padma Bhushan recipient known for work in Sanitation (founder of Sulabh International), is all about Modi and the journey of his life.

“Current Affairs News – 13/07/2017”

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National News:-

1)Railways has launched RailCloud:-

  • The Indian Railways has launched RailCloud, a virtual server with an inbuilt security system that will enable faster connectivity at a reduced cost.
  • Developed by rail PSU RailTel at an estimated cost of about Rs 53 crore, RailCloud is aimed at optimising server resources and its management.
  • RailCloud technology enables maximising the usage of available server and storage resulting in accommodation of bigger data and more applications within same server space. This makes the system suitable to meet higher demand.

2)Saint Teresa’s blue-bordered sari an Intellectual Property now:-

  • The famous blue-bordered sari of Mother Teresa, who has been canonized as Saint Teresa of Calcutta by the Vatican, has been recognized as an Intellectual Property of the Missionaries of Charity.
  • The Trade Marks Registry, Government of India, has granted the registration of the trade mark for that pattern of blue border of sari.

3)Uttrakhand Government launches the Super 30 coaching:-

  • The Uttrakhand government has launched its own version of ‘Super 30’, which is an innovative educational programme. The aim is to improve the standard of higher education in the state.
  • Another similar scheme, sponsored by the state government, is also being introduced for civil services aspirants,
  • Announcing a third scheme for postgraduates, CM said 100 such meritorious students will also be selected every year for doing PhD and will be provided with financial assistance by the government.

4)Shri J P Nadda launches new family planning initiatives:-

  • Shri J P Nadda launches new family planning initiatives ‘Mission Parivar Vikas’ on World Population Day (11 July) to focus on 146 districts in 7 states with high TFR.
  • Shri Nadda stated that Mission Parivar Vikas is a new initiative conceived by the Ministry with a strategic focus on improving access through provision of services, promotional schemes, commodity security, capacity building, enabling environment and intensive monitoring.

5)A.P., Telangana and Gujarat top in ease of doing business:-

  • Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Gujarat are the three best-performing states in “ease of doing business” NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant.
  • One the other hand, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Assam fare worst in the rankings.
  • The World Bank, along with the Centre’s Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) was involved in the process of reviewing the evidence submitted by states/UTs regarding implementation of reforms for the rankings.

International News:-

1)22nd World Petroleum Congress:Istanbul:-

  • Minister of State (I/C) for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan chaired a Ministerial Session on the subject “Current Economic Strategies in Indian Oil & Gas Sector”.
  • He also chaired a Plenary Session on ‘Supply and Demand Challenges for Oil, Gas and Products’ at the 22nd World Petroleum Congress at Istanbul, Turkey.
  • The Minister launched an event on Hydrocarbon Exploration & Licensing Policy (HELP) as a part of process of promoting the upcoming oil & gas bidding rounds in India.

2)U.S. may tighten rules for foreign students:-

  • US is planning to tighten rules for foreign students. A proposal is under consideration by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
  • The proposal is part of an ongoing review of the immigration policy to ensure that it “promotes the national interest, enhances national security and public safety and ensures the integrity of our immigration system.”

Implications for India:-

  • Since the proposal requires fees to be paid each time a student reapplies, it could make the U.S. a less attractive destination for students from India.
  • Indians are the fastest growing group among the international student population in the U.S. There are 1,66,000 students from India pursuing higher education in the U.S. now, up from about 1,00,000 two years earlier.
  • A large majority of them pursue science, technology, engineering and math courses.
  • Around 1.4 million international students are currently present in the U.S.

3)Earth facing sixth mass extinction:-

  • The sixth mass extinction of life on Earth is unfolding more quickly than feared, scientists have warned. Scientists call this as a case of biological annihilation occurring globally.
  • Globally, the mass die-off — deemed to be the sixth in the last half-billion years — is the worst since three-quarters of life on the Earth, including the non-avian dinosaurs, were wiped out 66 million years ago by a giant meteor impact. On an average, two vertebrate species disappear every year.

Factors behind the loss?

  • The main drivers of wildlife decline are habitat loss, overconsumption, pollution, invasive species, disease, as well as poaching in the case of tigers, elephants, rhinos and other large animals prized for their body parts. Climate change is poised to become a major threat in the coming decades.

Economic News:-

1)RBI amends order on bankruptcy action:-

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has amended its earlier order asking banks to initiate bankruptcy proceedings against 12 companies which have outstanding loans amounting to over Rs 5,000 crore as on March 2016.
  • “The IAC (Internal Advisory Committee) noted that under the recommended criterion, 12 accounts totaling about 25 per cent of the current gross NPAs of the banking system would qualify for immediate reference under IBC (Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016),”.

2)SEBI amends guidelines for eligible foreign investors:-

  • Markets regulator SEBI amended the guidelines for eligible foreign investors looking to operate at the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC).
  • In case of participation of an EFI, not registered with SEBI as an FPI, but desirous of operating in IFSC, a trading member of the recognised stock exchange in IFSC may carry out the due diligence on its own or it may rely upon the due diligence carried out by a bank, which is permitted by RBI to operate in IFSC, during the account opening process of an EFI.

3)RuPay to tap renew deals with Visa, Mastercard:-

  • The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) is looking at increased uptake of its RuPay debit cards among premium customers, as deals signed between banks and its global competitors Visa and Mastercard expire over the next few years.
  • Though RuPay controls 42 per cent of the Indian debit card market, the share of its cards is only 16 per cent of total Point of Sale (PoS) and e-commerce transactions.
  • This is largely due to the fact that the majority of RuPay cards — around 220 million— are held by benefactors of the Jan Dhan Yojana scheme.

சுற்றுச்சூழல் அறிவியல்

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1)சுற்றுச்சூழல் அறிவியல்:-

சூழலைப் பற்றியும், உயிரினங்களுக்கும் சூழலுக்கும் இருக்கும் தொடர்பைப் பற்றியும் அறிவியல் அணுகுமுறையில் ஆயும் இயல் சுற்றுச் சூழலியல் ஆகும். உயிருள்ளவற்றுக்கும் (குறிப்பாக மனிதன்), உயிரற்ற பூதவியல் கூறுகளுக்கும் இடையான தொடர்பாடலை விபரிக்கும் இயலாகவும் சூழலியலை கருதலாம். இவ்வியல் உயிரியல், வேதியியல், இயற்பியல், புவியியல், சமுதாயவியல், பொருளியல் ஆகிய மூல இயல்களை அறிவியல் ரீதியில் தொடர்புபடுத்தி அறியும் இயலாக கொள்லாம்.
சூழலில் ஒரு அங்கமான மனிதன் சூழலை எப்படி மாற்றியமைக்கின்றான் என்றும், மனித உடல் நலத்தை வாழ்வியலை மாறும் சூழல் எப்படி மாற்றியமைக்கின்றது என்பதும் சூழலியலின் பிரதான ஆய்வுக் கேள்விகளாக இருக்கின்றது. வள பயன்பாடு, சூழல் மாசடைதல், காலநிலை மாற்றங்கள், கழிவு பொருள் அகற்றல்/மீள் பயன்பாடு, தாங்குதிற வளர்ச்சி போன்ற துறைகளில் சுற்றுச் சூழலியலின் கவனம் இருக்கின்றது.
Reference Book – To click here to download

இந்தியப் பொருளாதாரம்

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1)இந்தியப் பொருளாதாரம்:-

இந்தியப்பொருளாதாரமானது விவசாயம், கைவினைப்பொருட்கள், தொழில்துறை, மற்றும் சேவைத்துறை போன்ற பலவற்றைச் சார்ந்துள்ளது. சேவைத்துறையே இந்தியாவின் தற்போதைய பொருளாதார வளர்ச்சிக்கு காரணமாக உள்ளது. இந்தியாவின் மக்கள்தொகையில் மூன்றில் இரண்டு பங்கானது நேரடியாகவோ மறைமுகமாகவோ விவசாயத்தையே சார்ந்துள்ளது.
Reference book – To click here to download

அரசமைப்புச் சட்டம் – ப.அர.ஜெயராஜன்

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1)அரசமைப்புச் சட்டம் – ப.அர.ஜெயராஜன்:-

இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பு  என்பது இந்தியாவின்உயர்ந்தபட்ச சட்டமாகும். உலகின் மிகப்பெரிய குடியரசு நாடான சுதந்திர இந்தியாவின் அரசியலமைப்பு, உலகிலேயே மிக நீளமான அரசியலமைப்பாகும். இது எழுதப்பட்டு சட்டமாக்கப்பட்ட அரசியலமைப்பு, நெகிழாத்தன்மையும் நெகிழ்ச்சித் தன்மையும் உடையது, கூட்டாட்சியும் ஒருமுகத்தன்மையும் கொண்டது, பொறுப்புள்ள அரசாங்கத்தை உடையது என்று பல சிறப்பம்சங்களைக் கொண்டது. இது அடிப்படை அரசியல் கொள்கைகள், அரசாங்க நிறுவனங்களின் கட்டமைப்பு, நடைமுறைகள், சக்திகள், மற்றும் அடிப்படை உரிமைகள், உத்தரவுக் கொள்கைகள், குடிமக்களின் கடமைகள் ஆகியவற்றின் கட்டமைப்புகளை உள்ளடக்கியுள்ளது. இது தான் இதுவரை உலக நாடுகளின் இடையே எழுதப்பட்டதில் மிக நீண்ட அரசியலமைப்பாகும். இதில் மொத்தம் 22 பிரிவுகள், 12 அட்டவணைகள், 101 திருத்தங்கள், 465 உட்பிரிவுகள் மற்றும் 117,369 சொற்கள் உள்ளன. இது ஆங்கிலப் பதிப்பைத் தவிர, ஒரு அதிகாரப்பூர்வ இந்திமொழிபெயர்ப்பினையும் கொண்டுள்ளது. இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பை உருவாக்கும் பணி 29 ஆகஸ்ட் 1947 அன்று முதல் இந்திய அரசமைப்பு நிர்ணய மன்றத்தால் தொடங்கப்பட்டது. முழுமையடைந்த அரசியலமைப்பு 1950 ஆம் ஆண்டு ஜனவரி 26 அன்று நடைமுறைக்கு வந்தது. (இத்தேதி 26 ஜனவரி 1929, முழு தன்னாட்சி சாற்றல் நினைவாகத் தேர்வு செய்யப்பட்டது). இதன் மூலம் இந்தியா ஒரு ஒருங்கிணைந்த, தன்னாட்சி கொண்ட, குடியரசின் மக்களாட்சிக் கோட்பாட்டின்படி வழிநடத்துகின்ற நாடாக அறிவித்துக் கொண்டது. நடைமுறைக்கு வந்த பிறகு, அதுவரை நாட்டின் அடிப்படை நிருவாக ஆவணமாக இருந்த இந்திய அரசு சட்டம், 1935 என்னும் சட்டத்திற்கு பதில் இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பு நாட்டின் அடிப்படை நிர்வாக ஆவணமாக மாற்றியது. அரசியலமைப்புக்கு வலுசேர்க்கும் விதமாக 1976 ல் நடைபெற்ற திருத்தங்களில் இந்தியா பொதுவுடைமை, மதச்சார்பின்மை மற்றும் நேர்மை இவைகளை தன் கொள்கைகளாக அறிவித்தது. இந்தியா தனது அரசியலமைப்பின் ஏற்பை ஒவ்வொரு ஆண்டும் ஜனவரி 26ம் தேதியை குடியரசு நாளாகக் கொண்டாடுகிறது.
இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பின் படி இந்தியா ஒரு கூட்டாட்சி (federalism) நாடாகும். இருப்பினும் இந்திய அரசியலமைப்புச் சட்டத்தில் ‘கூட்டாட்சி’ (கூட்டரசு – federal government) என்ற சொல்லிற்குப் பதிலாக ‘ஒன்றியம்’ (union) என்ற சொல்தான் பயன்படுத்தப்பட்டுள்ளது.
இந்திய அரசியலமைப்பின் முகப்புரையில், ” இறையாண்மை உடைய ஜனநாயக, சமதர்ம, சுதந்திரக் குடியரசு” என்றும் ” இந்திய யூனியன்” என்றும் இந்தியா பெயரிடப்பட்டுள்ளது. இது இச்சட்டத் தொகுப்பின் முழுப் புரிதலையும் தரும்படி அமைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதில் இந்தியக் குடிமக்களுக்கான அடிப்படை உரிமைகள் தொடக்கத்திலேயே வழங்கப்பட்டிருந்தாலும், பின்பு அடிப்படைக் கடமைகளும் உருவாக்கப்பட்டன. இந்திய அரசமைப்பின் தனிச் சிறப்புக்களில் ‘அடிப்படை உரிமைகளும்’ அடங்கும்.
இந்திய அரசமைப்பு சட்டம் உருவாக்கப்படும் போது, பல்வேறு நாடுகளின் அரசமைப்புச் சட்டங்களின் கூறுகள் எடுத்துக் கொள்ளப்பட்டன. இதனால் இந்திய அரசமைப்பு சட்டத்தை, ‘கடன்களின் பொதி’ என்பர். ‘கூட்டாட்சி முறையை’ கனடாவில் இருந்தும், ‘அடிப்படை உரிமைகள்’ அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடுகளிடம்இருந்தும், அடிப்படைக் கடமைகளை அன்றைய சோவியத் யூனியனிடமிருந்தும் பெற்றது. அரசியல் சட்டத்திருத்த முறையை தென்னாப்பிரிக்கா இருந்தும், ராஜ்யசபா நியமன எம்.பி.,க்கள் முறையை அயர்லாந்திடம் இருந்தும் பெற்றது.
Reference Book – To click here to download

இந்திய சமுதாயம் – S.C. Dube

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1)இந்திய சமுதாயம் – S.C. Dube:-

Reference book – To click here to download